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A traditional story of a revolutionary officer

A traditional story of a revolutionary officer

Francis Brooke

Macfarlane & Fergusson Printers, Richmond, Va. 1849

Printed in historical past magazine with notes and queries

Revealed by William Abbatt, 1921 Additional Number – No. 74


OUR first merchandise is unusual – a family memo, written by a father for his youngsters and revealed as a personal publication, in a very small model: so small that its existence is nearly unknown

The writer was a distinctive lawyer and Decide from Virginia, who had joined the Washington Military at 6 pm, and after the revolution, numerous judiciary, including decide. Appeals courtroom, which he held forty years.

His nephew and one of his brothers also turned soldiers, whereas the other brother pressed an fascinating account in Additional No. 21, being a surgeon at Bon Homme in Richard, with John Paul Jones.

One of probably the most fascinating options of the e-book is the announcement by Washington. Decide Brooke was in close contact with him and exhibits that he was capable of suppress the society to the extent that he reveals him in a mild that’s extra human than another has proven

. I went to her sister (Mrs. Fielding Lewis) to create a visitor for her, I discovered her one of probably the most useful males of her age – her greatness was the sublimation that surpassed the lads of any historic or nice men. trendy history. "

One other encounter we’ve never printed earlier than is just too uncommon a half of early New England poetry (the unique worth is priced at $ 85, earlier than us), and is directed towards Governor Francis Bernard (" St. Francisco ").

A fair higher curiosity in it is one of the three poems written by Dr. Benjamin's Church, "The First American Traitor." he has had a expertise and a poetic sense. DAUGHTER HELENI

Who has been my amanuensse in the course of the preparation of this family story – has written about two-thirds aa about my phrase and helped me primarily
Richmond, Might 1, 1849


Francis T. Brooke opens a new window / Public Area Francis Brooke

I AM was born on August 27, 1763 in Smithfield, the residence of my pricey father, in Rappahannock, four miles under Fredericksburg. Custom stated it was referred to as Smithfield after Captain John Smith, that is, Pocahontas Smith; however since there’s nothing in Virginia historical past to say that Captain Smith was all the time so excessive in Rappahannock, I feel the tradition was improper. I feel it was beneath the leadership of the so-called captain Laurence Smith, who in 1679 had a army committee defending the border towards the Indians in that area. It was one of Tanner's property that was in England, and approved his agent to promote it, and it was bought by my grandfather, Taliaferro, who then lived in Epsom, subsequent to the property, and he gave it to my mother – God bless him. The property now belongs to Thomas Pratt: previous home, the place I used to be born, is burnt, and he has constructed a new, not so great, and the upper the river. Once I was a boy, there have been traces of violence, including a nice spring, to defend the Native People.

My father was my grandfather's youngest son, who got here to this nation with Mr. Beverly, time Gov Spotswood came, round 1715; he turned a state scholar and was with the governor when he first crossed the Blue Ridge, where he acquired the Government Medal, a golden horseshoe with garnets and used as a brooch. Edmund Brooke, one of the family's oldest branches

My father's identify was Richard Brooke. He left four sons and my daughter's mom and the fifth son via her second spouse; He died aged six in his stomach in 1792. He was a good-looking man, as he sees in his picture; great vitality of spirits; he read a lot; he had a good library of that age. He sent two of my eldest brothers, Laurence and Robert, to the College of Edinburgh at an early stage, the place they have been educated for two taught professions: drugs and regulation, and didn’t return to this country until the revolution had progressed. They got here to France and Dr Franklin, the surgeon of Bon Homme Richard, was appointed by Dr. Brooke, commanded by the celebrated John Paul Jones, and in battle with Seraphis and all this memorable cruise battles.

My brother Robert was captured and transported to New York, and Lord Howe despatched it again to England, went again to Scotland, came back to France and returned to Virginia for a French frigate that brought French weapons. authorities. He did not stay idle, however joined the volunteer staff beneath the cavalry captain Larkin Smith, captured by dragons Capt. Loller, Symcoen's Queen Rangers, in Westham, seven miles throughout Richmond; he was soon replaced; began the follow of regulation; was a member of the House of Representatives, and in 1794 he was elected President of the State after which Ombudsman of Bushrod Washington, who was later a decide of the Supreme Courtroom of the USA. My brother Robert died when Basic Counsel, in 1799. Dr. Brooke died after a few years, I don't keep in mind a yr.

Smithfield, now Fredericksburg Country Membership, opens a new window Nw3z / CC BY -SA, opens a new windowMy father was devoted to their youngsters's schooling. He sent twin brother John and myself to a very younger faculty. We visited a number of English-speaking faculties, some of them at residence, and at the age of 9 sent to the Fredericksburg grammar faculty, taught by Trinity's gentleman from Dublin underneath the identify of Lennegan, who had left the country at the start of the Revolutionary Struggle, was hung on Petit Treason, and sentenced to condemn after being minimize, just waved thighs and palms and delivered to his mother, after which he got here to life, came to England, was smuggled into France, was a Catholic, and died in the monastery of La Trapp: but lastly took the personal director – a Scottish gentleman, the identify of Alexander Dunham, by means of which we have been taught in Latin and Greek. He was a friendly man, however not absolutely conscious of all things, but about Latin and Greece, where he was a mature researcher. We read all the upper classics with him; I learn Juvenal and Persia in a good place, and a few Greeks – Testament and Aesop's Fabits

As sixteen years ago, the army age of this time, was named the first Basic in the regiment of Basic Harrison, the last in 1780; and my twin brothers who don’t need to take part with me soon after I acquired the command of the first lieutenant in the same regiment. Our first marketing campaign was the Marquis La Fayette in 1781 through the Lord Cornwall assault. We arrived in Richmond in March of that yr and was informed to go to the previous sloop with a enjoyable captain. He was full of cannons and army shops to repair Portsmouth Fortress, which the traitor Common Arnold destroyed within the winter. He fell right down to the River Curies, where we have been placed on board a ship, a 20-year-old gun ship at The Renown shops, commanded by Commodore Lewis from Fredericksburg; Along with the ship with two other sq. vessels and an armed schooner. We have been arrested a few days earlier than Curies, the residence of Richard Randolph, who treated us with nice hospitality, typically on the seashore.

About ten days after the ship was greeted by the other financial institution, Main North, one of Baron Steuben's assistants, who was then Chesterfield Courtroom-House. Major North was boarded: he informed Commodore Lewis that the British fleet was on Hampton Street and ordered him to put artillery and outlets on the north coast of the river and use the ship and other fleet as high as he might (I consider it was in Osborne & # 39;), the place the British took them – some went by the guide of Simcoe and the remaining scattered.

Because they have been placed on the seashore north of the river, once we arrived in Richmond, we have been advised to command Westham's journal and laboratory order, seven kilometers above this place.

My brother, John, joined half of the state regiment, Major Ewell, however the arrival of Marquis & # 39;

A few days after I took Journal's command to see Jefferson, then the governor, r for the primary time; he got here to Westham together with his council, Mr Blair, whom I had beforehand recognized, and who advised me they needed to go to the journal. I replied they couldn't, and he launched me to Mr. Jefferson as governor. I turned to the guard, he was welcome, and he was entitled to go in. They have been trying to the south for the army and north, and located a lot of provide.

The area within the Virginia space is hardly imagined, his soldiers have been virtually all in Basic Green's military, his army retailers, who had run out of continuous supplies to the southern military – however his spirit and power have been to be able to overcome all his difficulties. I continued with the magazine's command. Lord Cornwallis, who crossed the James River in Westover, was ordered to remove it south of the river and took it to the Brittan Ferry, across the river, from which I was ordered to remove it back to Westham, the place it stayed until he was advised to throw a cannon creek, and transported the remaining to Fork, now to Columbia – like me. From there, I used to be advised to hold a giant portion of the powder and handguns, & c., To Henderson Ford, now to Milton, 4 miles under Charlottesville. I stayed there until Colonel Tarleton came to the latter place. There was Captain-Lieutenant Bohanna, who had come a few days before, and who ordered me to remain the place I used to be, and to defend the journal from any detachment that could be sent to take it till I heard Tarleton had crossed the Charlottesville River by the shore. then I ought to be a part of Baron Steuben at Fork. At 11 o'clock, I heard Tarleton had crossed the river at Charlottesville and pulled the regulation. Then I began my march to hitch Baron Steuben.

My order, between the timber, referred to some of the dragonons in Tarleton on the mountain that had been sent to get Governor Jefferson. I continued my march but mistakenly took Blenheim as an alternative of Fork Street, via which I fled Tarleton; as he says in his e-book, which I have, he stayed legally within the dispersal of the legislator and governor on his method to the fork to satisfy the Lord's Cornwall's eighth infantry. The street I took was thrown south of him, and about a quarter an hour from the sun, I met a man who, when inquiring, informed me I was five kilometers from Baron's camp, and then was occupied by Lord Cornwallis, a mild infantry who had driven Baron throughout the river in time. Captain Bohannan informed me if I could not be a part of the Baron, go to Staunton and be a part of the group I belonged to, Marquis in La Fayette army, I demand the man to steer me to the closest intersection within the south of the James River, as the sun rises the subsequent morning, and he took me to Hardware's mouth, and I crossed the river.

The subsequent day I met Colon Davis, who was beneath Baron, had been ordered by new recruiters and separate events. I had recognized him earlier than and with out greetings he asked me where I went. I informed him I was going to the Buckingham Courthouse, getting orders for the lads, as a result of though I had the guarantee of my pocket, I didn't need to do it when the general public shops have been obtainable; to which he replied that Lord Cornwall's mild infantry can be there before me. I stated I had left them fork the previous night time; he stated, "You do as you please."

It was a panic in all places that the subsequent day the troopers underneath my command seemed to have caught it, because turning the lane on our march, some recruited Armand's troops came in, and most of them escaped and left me standing on the street virtually alone; however these males had fought this big officer underneath Main Porterfield in Gates' defeat! Nevertheless, they returned to their ranks, and we continued our march to Staunton, which I acquired a command, as I stated, if I could not be a part of Baron Steuben on the fork.

The subsequent day I Ridge, about six kilometers south of Rockfish Gap, as I perceive now, as a result of there’s a giant limestone on the highest. Once I obtained to the place Waynesborough was, I found a nice drive of eight hundred or one thousand rifles underneath the management of Common McDowell, who advised Gov McDowell from North Carolina. He stopped me saying he had ordered all of the troops to stop defending. I replied that I belonged to the mainland army and advised me to go to Staunton, and stated to the lads, "Go ahead" and let me go.

At that time, I assumed that the regiment's jacket had never been seen, that the mountains – not simply the searching shirts – struck the marching drums and flying colors, and some noticed the troops, gave the information to Staunton that Tarleton had crossed the mountain, and the legislator then sat there; however learning from error, rally and returned the subsequent day. Within the morning I went to town. There I heard a few days from Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, George Nicholas and my neighbor Mann Page from Mansfield. (Although I had heard earlier than Patrick Henry once I was a schoolboy in Fredericksburg, a huge case for Middleton, for a man, Houston, saddler, for a breach of marriage contract.) Forsyth, and was the mother of Forsyth, late Secretary of State.

It might seem unusual that as young as I used to be, not seventeen years previous that I ought to have the command I had. My twin brother, who was an older twin, but a youthful officer, had left me at Henderson's Ford when he was ordered to Albemarle's previous Courtroom-House with public shops. I had ordered some seventy-five males to observe the journal and make the cartridges after the hearth, and once I got here to Staunton, Col. Davis, who I found there, insisted on holding me on this service, but Captain Fleming Gaines, who was half of the Harrison Artillery Regiment, informed me to hitch my troops as shortly as I might within the Marquis army, and I outfitted me together with his horses and servant.

A few days after I left Staunton, and I took the street now to Port Republic to cross the Ridge at Swift Run Hole. There was a curious event; one of the horses was taken flat and stopped on the smith store to restore his legs. Individuals have been all Dutch and didn't converse English; Seeing me within the regiments, they took me to a British officer and arrested me for a while until one of them got here to know one thing in English, and I showed him my salary they usually gave me justice. At that time, Lord Cornwallis discovered that the Pennsylvania line had arrived at Culpeper Courtroom Home, changing his route. His first plan was to burn Hunter's ironworks above Falmouth, which have been very priceless. His information should have been very dangerous; The Pennsylvania line, as it was referred to as, had been dismantled principally for the difficulty, and he was recruited and had not more than six or seven hundred males commanded by Common Wayne. At the similar time, Basic Weedon commanded a small group of soldiers close to Fredericksburg, which he had no worry of progressing to burn the railways. Nevertheless, he began to retire when Marquis crossed the Rappahannock in Raccoon Ford, and when he opened the previous street he threw himself between Lord Cornwall and our remaining shops in the prime nation and adopted Lord Cornwall at a respectable distance. 19659002] The troops of Tarleton and Simcoe joined him again, and he stopped, but in the future at excessive, above the Goochland courtroom home; where the awning additionally plundered and positioned the military behind the Mechunck border – I feel they referred to as it in Fluvanta. Each armies proceeded slowly in the direction of Richmond, and in Westham I discovered a corpse, which my brother, Robert, later governor of the state, was voluntary. He was captured by the Simcoe regiment, whose captain was Loller. Lord Cornwallis was on his approach to Williamsburg, and the awning stopped a few kilometers to New Kent Courtroom-Home, the place on July 4th the army was checked and fired.

Gen Lawson Brigade, with one of six votes, and had the opportunity to know the complete drive of the American Military. It consisted of eight thousand militias, the brigade of Stephen and Lawson; a thousand mild infantry troops, New England troops, introduced into the Marquis & # 39; s (a great group of them;) Pennsylvania line, because it was referred to as, six to seven hundred males commanded by Basic Wayne. artillery; a thousand rapists, Basic Campbell, King of the King, and half of the regiment of Virginia Continental troops, Colonel Febiger, Dane, under; the center dragons collection beneath Captain Larkin Smith; and one company from the Harrison artillery regiment I belonged to; There were some additional militias underneath Main Willis. The British Military was extra efficient; seven thousand squaddies who had fought within the battles of the south; Tarleton's and Simcoe's complete cavalry regiments and a positive artillery practice. These have been all the troops that would not easily be driven off the battlefield. Marquis marched in a few days to intersections and Burnt Peculiar, sixteen miles from Williamsburg. (John Willis, head of the Pennsylvania line, Butler and the Chapel of the Water District, who had a virgin militia, was confused a few days earlier than.) Within the morning of the battle, Main George Washington, an previous schoolmate, one other assistant to Marquis, was in our quarter, and was asked if Marquis knew the place the Lord Cornwallis was and whether or not he had crossed the river. His answer was that Common Wayne had been despatched this morning to seek out out the place he was. Tarleton says in his newspaper that one or two days earlier he had bribed a white man and a adverse to exit, and in the event that they met US departments, informed them that the British Military, except a small part of it, had crossed the river. It was this negro that fell with Common Wayney, who in his report marched down and attacked all the British military. Tarleton is flawed assuming Marquis goes to deliver a common commitment; quite the opposite, at 12, when he discovered that Wayne was in peril, he ordered Col Galvan, who belonged to his mild infantry, to drive down just one hundred men to aid when he, Capt. John F. Mercer's horsemen who had just lately joined, and some militia researchers adopted him to help him. Marquis definitely had no concept of ​​a common battle, as a result of the remaining of the army was quietly on their campsite all day. Common Wayne introduced the battle; creating an clever who gave them to whom Tarleton had bribed; of which his troops endure properly. He, as Tarleton says, attacked the complete British military, and solely Mr. Cornwallis received it off, assuming Marquis had planned a basic motion and took the time to organize for it. Wayne didn’t simply lose his artillery, however believed that 11 officers have been badly injured, which I noticed next morning within the arms of a surgeon on the church behind our camp. I feel it is rather sure that the Marquis doesn’t presently imply a common wrestle; and not Lord Cornwallis. His aim was to cross the river and fall right down to Portsmouth so he might send him the confirmation he wanted from Basic Clinton, who captured Common Washington and County Rochambeau.

(In Williamsburg in 1824, coming back from York, the previous man turned the identify of Powell, who had been the Marquis's guide when the army fell between two James and rivers). York, and he asked Common LaFayette if he remembered a nice horse killed underneath him, in the battle of the green spring, to which the overall replied, the horse was very high-quality, given to him by his pricey pal Virginia, who I suppose to be Basic Nelson, however he was not killed by him Under, he had six pits of damaged leg, and he made his archer to chop his throat. It was to go to Charlottesville by way of Goochland Courtroom-Home. All the officials, except me, had left their houses on their method, and I missed the corporate until they needed to be a part of Cumberland's previous courtroom house, with Basic Febiger, Dane, clerk. The good tactic, Virginia's continental army was commanded.

Left to command the corporate, I felt it to be a very troublesome activity, but I had been long sufficient to know that its self-discipline have to be maintained, or I could not command it. The first day of the march, we reached the lane opposite the town of Hanava, and when the lads have been dismissed, I informed nobody of them to go to town. On the day of the withdrawal, two Irish, Brady and Southerland, didn’t name the rolls within the night, did not reply their names. I ordered my organized sergeant to take a file of individuals, go to the town and convey them up, which he did, and informed every of them to get fifty lashes with ninety tail in Gun. That night time they each deserted. Brady I've never heard more, however my brother John found Southerland, who had gone house and happened in Fredericksburg. He met him on the road and took him and put it in the barracks of the citadel. There had been a plan for the militia, and Mr. Page, Mansfield, had taken him as a deputy and misplaced his money, for which he made a huge grievance. This quick punishment for disobedience commands gave me a complete command to the corporate as younger as I was.

Upon arriving at Goochland Courtroom-Home, we have been arrested there and made cassettes and fires for a few weeks. At that time, Colonel Davis arrived and advised me to go back to Westham and get the cannon I had ordered and threw the creek and river. He provided me a continental horse, and I found an officer who was making an attempt to tug the cannon out of the mud by attaching the ropes to the items. I ordered two factors, and pulling the pieces between them, I quickly acquired all of them up and returned to hitch the corporate at Goochland Courthouse, the place I was for a while nonetheless on the laboratory's order, and eventually ordered to Charlottesville, and eventually ended up in Cumberland's previous courtroom home the place it was held for a while. On the best way there, my organized abuse was arrested and the courtroom Martial tried and sentenced him to condemn him in ranks and get a hundred lashes. Within the morning of the punishment, I acquired a notice from Basic Febiger that he was a compatriot, and if I might, according to the discipline of the corporate, abandon the lash, he can be obliged to me. I did so, and after a few days he was again made an organized sergeant.

Hans Christian Febiger opens a new window from Henry Bryan Hall, 1808-1884, opens a new window / Public DomainCol. Febiger was a superb camp officer who was properly versed within the techniques of drilling, and whereas I was in artillery, I was referred to as alternately with other sub-options to coach and drill an infantry, and obtained the complete information of Prussian techniques, written by Baron Steuben, who had helped great Frederick. Once we have been concerned, my brother John and Capt. Fleming Gaines was allowed to precede different troops and joined the army until the green battle of Eutaw Spring; have been in that battle prematurely, and both purchase some variety of fame – my brother's brother was soon appointed to the artillery park brigade Major Common Charles Harrison, who commanded it, and lived in the identical yard with him till the top. conflict.

Cumberland's previous Courtroom-Home group was quickly advised to hitch Basic Greene & # 39; s underneath Colonel Posey. When they did not get paid, they mutated, and as an alternative of coming to the parade on their knees, as a common heartbeat, they came of their arms with the stroke of the staff. Sergeant Hagarltoy ran captain by means of Shelton by way of the physique, and Colonel Febiger ordered the barracks to mild up, and we marched about eight miles within the evening. I have stated that the troops did not receive a wage; one of the companies Alex informed. Parker, who was taken prisoner in Charleston, had just lately been changed when he was ordered to return to the south; the officers acquired a one-month salary on paper that was so low that I acquired thirty-three thousand and two-thirds of a greenback in the artillery, as an alternative of thirty-three and two-thirds of the greenback; with which I purchased a material coat for $ 2000 within the yard and $ 1,500 for buttons. Anything aside from the spirit of an older spirit would not have produced cash that may have been eliminated; but we have been ready to take whatever our nation might give.

We continued our march for about twenty days, and we needed to make an impression on the entire journey, much of which had been fed by the British, and little or no was left to the inhabitants. Approaching Basic Greene's army, a command that the infantry beneath Colon Posey would continue to march and be a part of Gen. Wayne to Georgia. As a end result, Colon Posey took all of the wagons, informed me to go to a military situated about twelve kilometers under, close to the Bacon Bridge on the Ashley River, to get the wagons to take the artillery baggage to the camp. In that land of rice, whose nice half was coated with water, I lost my method and swam to my horse on the opposite aspect of the river Ashley; I met the opposite aspect with a man, I asked him how far I was from the army of Basic Greene? To my surprise, he advised me that I was on the improper aspect of the river and that the British had a submit in Dorchester. I had to go back to the course and swim in the river the place it was very slender. I went and obtained the wagons that have been needed to move the artillery firm and joined the artillery park. It happened that I used to be informed to hitch a complicated picket within the neighborhood of the Bacon Bridge with one of the six porrents, and it value me the trouble to keep awake all night time, a lot fatigue. The watch from Stewart, Maryland's line, was an official of the day, and he made massive rounds twice at night time and congratulated me on my consideration. Basic Harrison ordered a quarter of a new pair for the master; he gave me order; however stated so little that the shops, if Basic Greene would not help the order, wouldn’t get any boots – and I’ve to go to the headquarters. I went this manner; he was separated from a giant picket building, miles or more behind the army. The primary officer I noticed once I acquired there was his first assist, Main Burnet. He asked if I needed to see Basic. I stated, "Yes, I have some business with General", the place he needed to take a seat down and he would come back to me. Once I waited for a whereas, I walked to a different door and noticed Common Greene for the first time sitting at the desk. I knew him from his regiments and went inside. He thanked me saying, "You belonged to artillery, do you have any business with me?" Sanoin hänelle, että minulla oli käsky kenraali Harrisonilta parin saappaat, jotka halusin hänelle hyväksyvän, tai en saisi saappaita. Hänen saappailleni katsoi: "Sinulla on erittäin hyvät saappaat." Jonka minä vastasin, minä lainoin heitä tuona aamuna; sillä hän antoi käskyn, ja minä annoin keula ja jätin hänet. Hän seurasi minua heti ja ohitti minut ovelle ja sanoi: "Luutnantti Brooke, pidän joukkoa armeijan upseereista, ja heitä pyydetään syömään kanssani vuorollaan, ja sinut kutsutaan vuorosi, mutta aina kun olet poissa työstä, rouva Greene on iloinen nähdessäni sinut. " Tämä johtui siitä, että rouva Greene liittyi hänen miehensä luo naapurini läpi ja sai joitakin huomautuksia Smithfieldissä ja New Postissa, kenraali Alexander Spotswoodin kotipaikassa. Olin usein päämajassa, tämän kutsun yhteydessä, ja tunsin olin jonkin verran kenraalin kenraali. Hän oli mies, jolla oli eniten ystävällisiä tunteita, ja osoitti minulle merkittävän ystävällisyyden yhdellä kertaa. Kapteeni Singleton, joka oli suuri yleisön suosikki, käski yhtiötä, johon kuuluin; me asuimme samassa telttakaupungissa kaikkein sovinnollisin ehdoin, kunnes eroni itseni ja luutnantti Whitaker, hänen veljenpoikansa välillä. We have been eating watermelons, once I stated something that he so flatly contradicted, that I supposed he meant to say I lied; on which I broke a half of a melon on his head, to which he stated, "Brooke, you did not think I meant to tell you you lied?" I stated, "If you did not, I am sorry I broke the melon on your head," and there it ended. However his uncle, I presume, did not assume it should have ended there. Whitaker had fought a duel going out with a Capt. Blair, of the Pennsylvania line, and wounded him, which made him, no less than in look, a little conceited, and our distinction was the speak of the camp.

I had been appointed by Gen. Greene, quartermaster of the Park of Artillery, on the categorical condition that I shouldn’t lose my rank within the line; as I did not come into the army to go into the employees; and having two duties to perform, I was very attentive to that in the line. On one morning when troop beat, I was delayed and did not get on parade until the roll was at the least half referred to as, on which Capt. Singleton requested me, in a rude voice, why I was not on parade sooner? to which I replied, "I waited for my boots, and did not come here in gown and slippers," taking a look at his nephew in that gown. On which he stated, he should take one other notice of me at another time. The lads being discharged, I stated to Capt. Singleton, that as long as I assumed him my good friend, I should have taken a rebuke from him kindly, however as I was now to think about him in a totally different mild, each time he meant to rebuke me, he should do it by way of a courtroom martial; that I understood my obligation, and was not afraid of a courtroom martial; on which he stated he would achieve this, however never did. After this, we lived collectively, but never spoke but on obligation. I had served with Col. Laurence, who commanded the sunshine infantry in the line, for many weeks; no trace had been provided that my staff-office had been uncared for; its duties have been discharged by the Sergeant Major of the Park, in my absence. No objection had been made by Captain Singleton to the performance of my obligation in the line; till the corporate was ordered to hitch the light infantry, underneath Gen. Wayne, to take possession of Charleston on the expected evacuation of it by Gen. Leslie. This was a extremely desirable service, and Capt. Singleton seeing me getting ready to go, stated, "You cannot go, sir, you are quartermaster of the Park." I replied, "I have served in the light infantry before, under Col. Laurence, and no objection was made; but I will go to headquarters and resign that office, rather than not go."

Nicely, I went to go quarters, and there it was that Basic Greene befriended me towards the affect of my Captain. I said to him Capt. Singleton's objections to my marching with the company, to hitch the light infantry, beneath Basic Wayne. He stated he was sorry that any such problem ought to have been made; "but go into the Adjutant General's office," (who was Col. Harmer, afterwards Gen. Harmer,) "and get a copy of the order appointing you quartermaster of the Park, and show it to Capt. Singleton;" which I did, and that put an finish to all problem, as the order contained the categorical condition that I shouldn’t lose my rank in the line.

No objection was made to my brother, who was Brigade Main to the Park, and we both marched with the company to hitch the sunshine infantry beneath Common Wayne. No officer took higher care of his troops, and after crossing the Ashley river, he marched us to the Cooper river, to the home, I feel, of Col. Wright, who was a refugee; the place we have been sumptuously entertained, and from his balcony noticed the British fleet mendacity before Charleston.

In the evening, one of the videttes came in and informed Common Wayne, that the submit referred to as the quarter-house, had been strengthened by four hundred men. This was seven miles from Charleston; a canal was reduce there from the Ashley to the Cooper river and two redoubts erected, and the submit secured by other fortifications. On the receipt of this info the troops have been ordered beneath arms, and we marched down reverse the quarter-house, within hail of the British sentinels, and encamped in a wood. A flag came out, and as we understood, Common Leslie knowledgeable Basic Wayne that he was about to evacuate the town, and, if his rear was pressed, it could be burnt; that if a sign was fired when the troops commenced their march the British troops can be before them, in order to avoid any battle. Accordingly a six pounder was fired the subsequent morning at dawn, and we commenced our march for Charleston; the quarter-house was evacuated once we passed it, and in a lengthy open lane we saw the British troops earlier than us. We quickly arrived at the Hornwork, the place we halted on the draw-bridge, close to the gate, which was locked; however Captain Revely leaped over the wall and found the important thing on the lock, opened the door, and we marched into the town; found all of the doorways and windows shut, and a British picket nonetheless at the state-house, which on the strategy of Captain Revely at the head of his company of Maryland mild infantry, moved off to the delivery.

Basic Greene, with Washington's regiment, got here within the next day, and the military came down the Ashley river, crossed at Wappoo reduce, and encamped on James' Island, opposite Charleston, the place the Maryland line, hearing that the preliminary articles of peace had been signed by the British Commissioners, and believing the struggle over and their enlistment at an finish, mutinied. Common Greene crossed the Ashley river on listening to it, discovered them on parade, with their knapsacks, as if the "General" had beat, and able to march off, as in the event that they have been discharged from service. He immediately addressed them, assuring them we had no certain intelligence that the warfare was over and declaring that he would compel them to return to obligation, by the troops that remained agency to their publish; and eventually prevailed on them to ground their arms, and submit. A few of the ring-leaders have been apprehended and, with ropes around their necks, have been drummed out of camp.

The artillery to which I belonged remained in Charleston, the place we have been kindly and hospitably handled, particularly myself, by Mr. Frank Kinlaw, who resided at Kinlaw Courtroom; he had been a member of Congress, and married a Miss Walker, of Albemarle county, Va. So variety was he to me, that he invited me to go together with him to his property, near Georgetown, and had offered horses, and so on.

When the artillery firm, to which I belonged, was ordered underneath Col. Posey, with the remaining of the Virginia troops, to go to Savannah to take possession of it, on its evacuation by Col. Browne, Capt. Singleton, who commanded the company, and my brother, with Lieut. Southall and Lieut. Whitaker, acquired depart to return to Virginia, and left the corporate underneath the command of Capt. Lieut. Booker and myself. On our march to Savannah, Capt. Alexander Parker, who commanded the veteran company of mild infantry, and myself, requested depart of Col. Posey to go to a Capt. Day, of the South Carolina line, who resided on the street; which was granted, given that we should always overtake the troops the subsequent day, which was a march of forty miles, via sandy roads, in the month of April, in that local weather.

On arriving in Savannah, the infantry underneath Col. Posey went four miles under to Thunderbolt, and have been quartered there, while the corporate of artillery was stationed at Fort Wayne, on a point under the city. In Savannah we have been most hospitably handled; I imply the officers who remained on the town. I felt myself particularly observed; I visited several families, amongst them Mr. Clay's; he had been a rich merchant, and someday before was a member of Congress. He and his household have been notably type to me. I gallanted his daughters, one of whom, Nancy, was very good-looking. She was about sixteen years of age—however I had no critical intentions. On taking my depart of Savannah, I used to be left in the room together with her by her mother and father, however stated nothing. She afterwards jilted a Mr. Fontaine of Virginia, and married Major Deveau. Fontaine, in despair, went into the military, and in St. Clair's defeat threw himself among the many Indians, and was killed.

In Savannah we had balls and dinner events. There got here some English officers from St. Augustine, on flag, with whom I related; one a Capt. Automotive, I feel. We met in the billiard room, and at Mr. Eustace's, who gave events. I used to be at the wedding ceremony of Major Habersham with Miss Walton, the daughter of Decide Walton: the entertainment was singular; it was at II o'clock in the day, a collation of fruits, wine, and salt fish, &c. I used to be invited to go into the nation with him to a Mr. Gibbs', a few miles from the town, where, having acquired depart, I spent some very nice days.

In Savannah, when invited out, we lived sumptuously;— we had breakfast within the morning, luncheon at 11 o'clock, dinner at two, tea and occasional in the evening, and a scorching supper at night time. While in Savannah the troops have been ordered to an Indian treaty at Augusta, and we have been ordered to end up with whiskers and moustaches; this I was too young to do, being then not nineteen years previous; but I used some black pomatum, such as the Hession jagers used, and smeared my face, in order to look very ferocious. The Indians have been significantly frightened by their defeat by Basic Wayne. The night time they stunned him, he had given orders that none of them must be captured, that no quarter ought to be given; yet sixteen of them have been captured by Captain Scott's firm of the Virginia line; and Common Wayne, seeing them next morning, ordered them to be bayonetted; which was deemed by some nice cruelty; but Basic Wayne's drive not being so robust as Colonel Browne's, in Savannah, he was obliged to vary his place every night time, lest he ought to be stunned by him; and the Indians, who have been spies upon his camp, have been continually giving Browne info where he was; however after the defeat and bloodbath of the sixteen, they quitted the nation; they refused to return to any treaty at Augusta, where we have been to return, and the corps I belonged to, with the remaining of the troops beneath Col. Posey, have been ordered again to Charleston, the place we remained till August, when the company to which I belonged, and between three and 4 hundred of the infantry, and fourteen officers, together with myself, belonging to totally different corps, launched into board ship for Virginia. We have been so long at sea (we have been four-and-twenty days out of sight of land) that it was thought in Virginia that we have been lost. Having arrived at Hampton, we have been most hospitably handled by a Mr. King (who I afterwards knew within the Legislature) and others. After remaining at Hampton three or four days, myself and 4 different officers have been put on board a pilot boat, and came as much as Richmond, whereas the opposite officers and troops went up in different vessels. When arrived at Richmond, I paid the corporate off a portion of their pay, which I obtained of the deputy paymaster, Dunscomb; and then gave them their discharges. I then left Richmond for Smithfield, my house, in a chariot loaned me by Mr. Henry Banks, to take a Mrs. Taylor from Norfolk to Fredericksburg. Once we acquired reverse to Smithfield, I left Mrs. Taylor, took my knapsack, and walked to the home, and found the household at supper. To describe the emotions of pleasure with which they greeted me, (believing that I had been misplaced at sea,) can be very troublesome.

The Smithfield household presently consisted of a sort and wonderful father; an amiable mother-in-law, who had one son, William, who when he got here to man's property studied regulation, was profitable in his follow, died young, and left an amiable household; my entire brothers, Dr. Laurence Brooke, and Robert Brooke, and my twin brother John.

Dr. Brooke who had studied drugs at Edinburgh, as I’ve earlier than mentioned, had now commenced the follow of physic. My brother Robert, who had also been educated at Edinburgh, where he had studied regulation underneath Professor Miller, had resumed the research, and was getting ready to begin the follow of the regulation once I arrived.

My twin brother John, endeared to me by the hardships and dangers of three campaigns, like myself, had no career, although some time after he began to review regulation; received a license, and commenced the apply of the regulation; was successful, and became a member of the House of Delegates from his county of Stafford several occasions. He married a most amiable and wonderful woman, and died concerning the yr 1822, leaving a distinguished household,—one of whom, his son Frank, was killed in the Florida struggle, underneath Colonel Taylor, now President of the USA. His son Henry is now a distinguished lawyer on the bar of the Courtroom of Appeals; and married Virginia, the daughter of the late Decide Henry St. George Tucker, sometime President of the Courtroom of Appeals.

My only sister married Fontaine Maury, though she had been courted by Capt. William Washington, afterwards Basic William Washington, Major Churchill Jones, of Washington's regiment, and a number of other others. Fontaine Maury was the youngest son of Fontaine Maury, the Huguenot, who got here to this nation after the repeal of the Edict of Nantes.

Now what shall I say of myself? The warfare was over, and it was time that I ought to look to some other career than that of arms; I used to be not fairly twenty years of age, and like different young males of the time, having an indulgent father, who permitted me to keep horses, I wasted two or three years in fox-hunting, and typically in racing; was typically at house for 3 or 4 weeks at a time. My father had a superb family library, I used to be fond of reading historical past, read Hume's History of England, Robertson's History of Charles V, some of the British poets, Shakespeare, Dryden, Pope, and so on., and most of the literature of Queen Anne's reign, and even Blackstone's Commentaries, before I had determined to review regulation. Having resolved finally to pursue some career, my brother Dr. Brooke prevailed upon me to review drugs; I read his books with him for about twelve months, when my brother Robert would say to me, "Frank, you have missed your path and had better study law." I soon after took his advice, and commenced the research of the regulation with him, and in 1788 I utilized for a license to follow regulation. There were at the moment in Virginia solely three persons approved to grant licenses: they have been the Lawyer Basic, Mr. Innes, Mr. German Baker, and Col. John Taylor, of Caroline; all distinguished legal professionals. I used to be examined by Mr. Baker, at Richmond, and obtained his signature to my license. I then utilized to the Lawyer Common, Mr. Innes, to examine me; but he was all the time too much engaged, and I returned house. In a few days after I acquired a letter from my previous army pal, Captain Wm. Barret, of Washington's regiment, informing me that he had seen the Lawyer Common, who expressed great remorse that he had not had it in his energy to look at his good friend Mr. Brooke; but that he had talked with Mr. Baker, and was absolutely glad of his competency, and if he would ship his license right down to Richmond he would signal it. I accordingly despatched the license to him and he signed it, by which I turned a lawyer. I afterwards returned to my brother's office and applied myself more than I had executed to the doctrine of pleading, and so on.

Early in 1788, I went to Morgantown, within the northwestern nook of the state, then considerably an Indian country; Virginia being compelled to maintain her scouts and rangers to defend the inhabitants on our frontier; although the Indians nonetheless made frequent inroads, and killed and carried off five families on the Dunkard Bottom, on Cheat river, twenty miles to the east of Morgantown. I had commenced the apply of the regulation within the counties of Monongalia, at Morgantown, and Harrison, at Clarksburg. Quickly after the district courts have been established, and two of the Judges of the district courtroom, Judges Mercer and Parker, came to Morgantown to hold a courtroom there, once I acquired from the Lawyer Basic, Mr. Innes, a commission as Lawyer for the Commonwealth of that District; he having at the moment the facility to grant commissions to all Commonwealth's Attorneys, in the Districts and Counties of the State.

I continued the follow of the regulation in that country for a little greater than two years, throughout which era I turned acquainted with Albert Gallatin, from whom I not long ago acquired a letter, written in his eighty-eighth yr, which is here inserted:

New York, 4th March, 1847. My Pricey Sir:

Although you have been pleased, in your favour of December last, to admire the preservation of my schools, these are in fact sadly impaired—I can’t work more than 4 hours a day, and I write with great problem. Completely absorbed in a topic which engrossed all my thoughts and all my feelings, I was compelled to postpone answering the numerous letters I obtain, until they imperiously required speedy consideration. I’m now making up my arrears.

However although my reminiscence fails me for current transactions, it’s unimpaired in reference to my early days—I’ve ever preserved a most pleasing recollection of our pleasant intercourse virtually sixty years in the past, and followed you in your lengthy and respectable judiciary career—less stormy, and doubtless happier than mine. I am, as you presumed, 4 years older than yourself, born 29th of January, 1761, and now in my eighty- eighth, rising weaker each month, but with solely the infirmities of age. For all chronical illnesses I’ve no faith in physicians, seek the advice of none, and take no physic no matter.—With my greatest wishes that your latter days may be as clean, as healthy and as pleased as my very own, I remain in nice fact,

Your good friend,

Albert Gallatin.

Hon'ble Francis Brooke,

I returned to Japanese Virginia, and went to settle at Tappahannock, and practiced regulation in Essex and the Northern Neck, with Bushrod Washington, afterwards Decide of the Supreme Courtroom of america, Alexander Campbell, a distinguished lawyer, and the previous Scotch lawyer Warden, and so forth.

In that yr, the yr 1790, I typically visited my buddies at Smithfield; paid my addresses to Mary Randolph Spotswood, the eldest daughter of Common Spotswood and Mrs. Spotswood, the one entire niece of Common Washington. Our attachment had been a very early one. Her father ceaselessly despatched to Smithfield for me once I was solely thirteen years of age; my father would complain, however all the time permitted me to go. I might discover the Common, about daylight in the morning, together with his advantageous horses drawn out, and his fox-hounds, and, as I was a superb horseman, would mount me upon one of his most spirited horses, and sometimes range via the country and woods, the place I now reside. He knew his daughter was very much hooked up to me, but although succeeding in my career, I was however poor, and he had great objections to the match. After a while, nevertheless, once I had gone again to Tappahannock, discovering his daughter's attachment too robust to be overcome, though she had been courted by others, he consented to our union.

She was sixteen in June, and we have been married in October following, at Nottingham, within the yr 1791. Her type could not be excelled; her face, when lighted with a smile, was sensible, although her features weren’t regular; she had sensible tooth and luxuriant brown hair; she had been extremely educated by a Mrs. Hearn, an English woman, who lived within the household a number of years. The Common was more attentive to the schooling of his daughters than to that of his sons. He and his brother, John Spotswood, had been a lot uncared for by their guardian at Eton, in England, and have been badly educated; they returned to Virginia, and when Basic Spotswood arrived of age, in 1772, he possessed 150,000 acres of land within the three counties of Orange, Spotsylvania and Culpeper; it was an entailed estate which descended to him from his grandfather, Governor Spotswood. His father's executor prevailed on the Legislature to permit him to sell 70,000 acres of it; he himself afterwards, and earlier than I belonged to his household, bought to Gen. Henry Lee twenty odd thousand acres, above Fredericksburg; he additionally bought 40,000 acres of leased land to James Somerville, of Fredericksburg. He possessed additionally iron works; a foundry established by Governor Spotswood, which yielded an revenue of 5,000 kilos every year, and which was damaged up by his father's executor.

The Basic was neglectful of his affairs and was better fitted for the military than for the pursuits of civil life. He commanded the second regiment at the battle of Brandywine; and, it was stated by a British writer, one Smith, that it was the only regiment that left the sector of battle in good order. He was once more within the battle of Germantown, the place his brother, Captain Spotswood, being badly wounded, was considered lifeless; whereupon he sent in his resignation to Common Washington, having made a contract together with his brother, once they entered the military, that if either must be killed, the survivor ought to return residence to take care of the two households. When it was recognized that Captain Spotswood was nonetheless alive, a prisoner in Philadelphia, he wished to return to his command within the military; but Basic Washington replied to his letter to this impact, that he couldn’t be reinstated in his former command, as a result of many officers had been promoted after his resignation. He was quickly after appointed a Brigadier Basic, by the State of Virginia, to command the Legion to be raised in Virginia. During Arnold's invasion, in 1780, he commanded a brigade of militia, referred to as out to oppose Basic Arnold. Basic Spotswood spent a great deal of his fortune within the military; and representing a declare for his land, earlier than a committee of the Senate of Virginia, I heard Basic Meade, who was a member of that committee, say that he knew the fact that whereas the military of the North was naked of clothes, Basic Spotswood had clothed his entire regiment out of his personal pocket in Philadelphia.

Fortunately married, with good prospects, we lived together 13 years, when she died the fifth of January, 1803, after the start of her youngest daughter, Mary Randolph. She left 4 youngsters: John, her eldest, Robert, Elizabeth, and Mary Randolph. Elizabeth was unhappily killed by the oversetting of a stage. John studied drugs, and in the yr 1825 was appointed a deputy surgeon in the Navy; went out in the Brandywine, with Basic La Fayette, to France, where he had been earlier than; has remained in the navy ever since, and is now fleet-surgeon in the Chinese language seas. Robert was educated at West Level, was appointed a Lieutenant of the Engineer Corps; quickly resigned, and studied regulation; started the follow at Charlottesville, went to Staunton, has been twice married, and has a household of eight youngsters. He was twice elected a member of the Home of Delegates, from Augusta; was a good speaker, and common with the Home; his household growing, he declined public life, and is now president of the branch of the Valley Financial institution, at Staunton.

Mary Randolph was married in 1827 to Dr. Edmund Berkeley, of Hanover; and after many modifications of state of affairs, went to Staunton, where she now resides, and has a household of eight youngsters.

The shock I acquired on the dying of my spouse I can’t nicely describe; but my father had left me a legacy higher than property, his nice alacrity of spirits (God bless him), which have by no means forsaken me; and in the summer afterwards I was advised to go to the Virginia Springs, and commenced to look out for an additional spouse, to provide the place to my youngsters of their mom. While at the Heat Springs, with Mr. Giles and some others, a carriage arrived with women; there’s something in future, for as soon as I took maintain of the hand of Mary Champe Carter (though I had seen her before and admired her very a lot), I felt that she would amply supply the place of my misplaced wife. I began my attentions to her from that second. In individual and in face she was very lovely. Mr. Jefferson stated of her, "that she was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen, either in France or this country." Her sister Nancy, who married Governor Troup, of Georgia, was thought by some equally handsome. Mary Champe had sensible tooth and delightful darkish hair; but her beauty was not her only appeal; her gentle and female manners have been still extra engaging.

On our return to Fredericksburg, I significantly addressed her, and though I had powerful rivals, I quickly found that I had gained her affections. As I had youngsters, nevertheless, her mother and her relations have been fairly against my pretensions, however their objections have been overcome, once they found that our attachment was reciprocal; and we have been married on the 14th of February following. Although she had little fortune, her father having left her 1,500 kilos in officer's certificates, (and the half of his plate, on the dying of her mom, which by the best way she by no means acquired,) I had a renewed prospect for happiness. We settled and lived in a small home close to her mother's, in Fredericksburg; from there we sent John and Robert to high school, to Mr. Wilson, until after the delivery of her first son, which she misplaced. I had built a small brick house with a shed to it, and a brick flooring, within the nation—her mother and sister went to Boston—once they returned she agreed to return into the country to stay in that small home; the farm was a small one and worn out; as I used to be seldom at residence, she had the trouble of planting the hedges, attending to laying off the garden, planting the fruit and home timber, and was ceaselessly at house by herself for 5 or 6 weeks at a time. She was all the time very type to the mother and father of her step youngsters, for when Mrs. Spotswood's previous prepare dinner, Juno, was worn out almost, they expressed the will to have our prepare dinner, Belissa, who was a superb one; she readily gave up Belissa to them, and took a woman, little greater than seventeen years of age, into the kitchen. She was a variety and affectionate step-mother, and her stepchildren have been very much hooked up to her. When John had gone to Carlisle School, and then to Philadelphia, and sometimes wrote to me to send him extra money, and I being straitened, then she would say, "Send him the money, if you are obliged to sell one of the negroes." When Mary Randolph was despatched to her by her grandmother, she expressed as much nervousness for her schooling as if she had been her personal youngster, and when she grew to a proper age, had a music-master in the house all the time, and instructed her herself; though she was no performer, she understood music very properly.

In 1806, when her well being was very delicate and she or he was advised to go to the Springs, she carried Robert together with her, then six years of age; he had had the ague and fever, however recovered at the Springs. We lived forty-two years together very fortunately, when on the 25th of October, 1846, she expired. She was a sincere Christian, and a quarter of an hour earlier than her dying, while I held her feeble hand in mine, she seemed up at me and stated, "I am not frightened, I am in no pain, take care of ours,"—there she stopped. A brief time afterwards when Mrs. Herndon, the wife of Dr. Herndon, who was right here attending her, needed to bathe her lips with chilly water, she held out one of her palms and stated, "I want nothing more in this world," and expired. She had chosen a burial place; I wrote the epitaph which is engraved upon her tombstone; it’s as follows:

(A small however grateful tribute of my coronary heart to at least one whom I had beloved so properly and long.)

She expired on the 25th of October, 1846,

She never was excelled in advantage, or any of those endearing qualities which made her an affectionate wife, and devoted mother!"

She left two youngsters, Francis and Helen. Francis married Ella, the youngest daughter of Colonel Ambler. She is a most amiable wife and mom; they have three sons. Helen married most sadly, her husband was ruled by nothing but ardour; handled her very cruelly, and she or he was pressured to apply for a divorce to the Legislature, which she obtained, and now lives with me; and he, like the bottom Judean, "threw away a pearl richer than all his tribe." She has a little woman, Mary Champe, referred to as after her grandmother.

My native state conferred many workplaces upon me. I represented the county of Essex in 1794 and '95, within the Home of Delegates. In 1796, my brother John having married, and declined the apply of the regulation, I faraway from Tappahannock to Fredericksburg, to complete the regulation business he and my brother Robert had left. In 1800 I was elected to the Senate of the State, and in 1804, whereas speaker of the Senate, I was elected a Decide of the Basic Courtroom, (as my commission will show,) and of course rode the districts of the District Courts, until the Circuit Courts have been established; once I was assigned to this circuit, starting at Goochland, going to Richmond, Hanover, Essex, Caroline and Spotsylvania, until 1811, once I was elected Decide of the Courtroom of Appeals, of which I was President eight years, and where I have continued ever since. In 1831 I used to be once more elected a Decide of the Courtroom of Appeals, underneath the New Structure.

My army appointments have been as follows: In the yr 1796 I was appointed Main of a Battalion of Cavalry, annexed to the second division of the militia. In 1800 I was appointed Lieut. Colonel Commandant of the Second regiment of cavalry, in the second division of the militia, Col. Tom Mann Randolph having resigned. In 1802 I used to be appointed Brigadier Common of the First Brigade and Second Division of the Militia.

Although I had married into two households that had been among the wealthiest in Virginia it didn’t profit me very much; for though Common Spotswood was a devoted father- in-law, he had not much to offer me. He gave to his daughter, once we went to Tappahannock, a small servant woman, who soon after died; he gave me a invoice of trade upon Charleston, drawn by Major Churchill Jones, which helped me to purchase an previous home in Tappahannock, which was repaired by two of my father's mechanics. In the meantime he wrote a letter to my father, saying that if he would give me ten negroes, of a specific description, he would give me, at his dying, an equal share with the remaining of his youngsters of his property. My father had delivered some of the negroes earlier than his demise, and the Basic insisted that I ought to sue his executor for the remaining of them; and I introduced a go well with within the excessive Courtroom of Chancery, and acquired a decree for them; within the document of which go well with Common Spotswood's letter and my father's reply to it may be found. After Basic Spotswood's dying, he having left nothing by his will to me, or any of my household, I brought a go well with towards his executor, within the Chancery Courtroom at Fredericksburg, upon the contract; but the delays of the regulation have been so great on the time that I compromised the go well with with the executor, to which course my counsel, the late Decide Stan- ard, considering that I had made a dangerous compromise, was very a lot opposed. The executor gave me an order for three thousand dollars on the go well with which Common Spotswood had within the Federal Courtroom (which go well with Basic Spotswood had towards the securities of his guardian,) which finally I acquired. The executor additionally conveyed to me one hundred and fifty acres of land, which lies near me.

I personally knew, (in addition to so young a man might know,) all of the eminent army characters of the revolution, with the exception of Alexander Hamilton and Common Knox. I knew Washington, Greene and Gates—I knew Washington in my boyhood. He got here to Smithfield with Common Spotswood, in 1773,1 assume it was. He was then a Colonel in the British military. I keep in mind his gown; he wore a deep blue coat, a scarlet waistcoat, trimmed with a gold chain, and buckskin small garments, boots, spurs, and sword; he had with him a lovely greyhound, was fond of the sports activities of the sector, and proposed to my father, who had a tame deer, to attempt if the greyhound couldn’t catch him; to which my father assented, and after leaping over the yard palings, they went by means of the garden where they leaped the palings again; when the deer turned in the direction of the river he received a start of the greyhound, and obtained into the river earlier than he might catch him. Basic Washington was afterwards at Smithfield two or 3 times; he was fond of horses, my father had some wonderful ones, so had Genl Spotswood; they took the horses to the street, and mounted the boys upon them, to attempt their velocity. Basic Washington, within the yr 1774, came to Fredericksburg to evaluation the unbiased corporations. After the assessment they gave him a collation in the previous market-house, the place he had all the boys of a giant grammar faculty, of which I used to be one, delivered to him; gave them a drink of punch, patted them upon their heads, and asked them if they might battle for his or her country. After the struggle he often got here to Fredericksburg, where his mother resided, and his solely sister, Mrs. Lewis. He attended the ball of the 22nd of February, opened it by dancing a minuet with some woman, then danced cotillions and nation dances; was very gallant and all the time hooked up himself, by his attentions, to some one or more of probably the most lovely and engaging women at the balls. The subsequent day, his associates gave him a dinner, at which, after the material was eliminated and the wine got here on, a Mr. Jack Stewart (who had been a Clerk of the House of Delegates), a nice vocalist, was referred to as upon for a music; and he sung one from the novel of "Roderick Random," which was a very amusing one. Common Washington laughed at it very a lot and encored it. The subsequent day, once I went to his sister's to introduce strangers to him, I found him one of probably the most dignified males of the age. While he was President of the USA, at the instance of my father-in-law, Basic Spotswood, he provided me the collector's workplace at Tappahannock, however I most popular my career and declined it; though the office at that time was a very lucrative one. Washington was undoubtedly a nice man, and there was a sublimity in his greatness which exceeded that of any of the good males of historic or trendy history.

I’ve stated before of Basic Greene that I used to be in a point a pet of his, and I have assigned the trigger why I used to be so. Being a whole lot at headquarters, I knew him to be an amiable and wonderful domestic character; he was devoted to his wife amid all of the hazard and excitement of warfare. And the elder Decide Tucker informed me this anecdote of him; that after the battle of Guilford, and the retreat to the Iron Works, the Basic found that he had no bed; he invited him to take a half of his, and in the morning, when Tucker awaked, he discovered him admiring his spouse's image which hung round his neck. He was a lot beloved by the military; was cautious not to interact in battle, until there was a prospect of crippling or defeating the enemy. There’s a letter in Johnson's life of him, from Common Washington, after the battle of Eutaw Spring, which begins: "I rejoice, my dear General, that you have, at length, gained a victory," and so on. I liked him, and to the web page of historical past consign his memory. I didn’t know Gen. Gates in the Military, however after the peace he resided twelve months in Fredericksburg, and being fond of younger company, I often noticed him; his manners have been very wonderful. He had served in the British army, was, I’ve little question, a superb camp officer, acquainted with techniques within the drill, but not qualified to command an army.

I’ve stated that I knew additionally the main civil characters of that period. I knew Mr. Jefferson very nicely. The primary time I saw him was at the magazine at Westham, above Richmond, as I have talked about before,—I used to be afterwards typically at Monticello, and noticed a lot of him there; and whereas he was President of the USA. He was a man of straightforward and ingratiating manners; he was very a fan of me, and I corresponded with him whereas I used to be Vice-President of the Society of the Cincinnati; he wished the funds of that society to be appropriated to his central school, close to Charlottesville, and on one occasion I obtained an order from a assembly of the society to that impact; however in my absence the order was rescinded, and the funds appropriated to the Washington School, at Lexington, to which Common Washington had given his shares in the James River Firm, which the State had introduced him with. Mr. Jefferson by no means would talk about any proposition for those who differed with him, for he stated he thought discussion slightly rivetted opinions than changed them. Once I was elected Speaker of the Senate of Virginia he despatched me his parliamentary Guide, with a very flattering notice wafered in it, which is now within the possession of my son Robert. Of Mr. Madison I personally didn’t know as much; his manners were not so effective or insinuating as Mr. Jefferson's; he was dedicated to Mr. Jefferson, but differed with him in some respects; he never shunned dialogue, however courted it—advised many wonderful anecdotes of occasions past—and was among the purest and ablest statesmen we ever had. I knew Mr. Monroe; practiced regulation with him, and I feel, though a sluggish man, he possessed a robust mind and wonderful judgment. Once I was at York, in 1824, with Common La Fayette, Mr. Calhoun, then Secretary of Conflict, was there, and I asked him the question whether or not it was the President Monroe, or his Cupboard, who have been in favor of that passage in his message which declared to the Holy Alliance that America would not be indifferent to any try to assist the Spanish Authorities to stop the enfranchisement of the South American Provinces, then at struggle with Spain; and he replied that it was the President's personal sentiment, and that although he was a sluggish man, yet give him time and he was a man of the perfect judgment he had ever recognized.

This Narrative has been written, or dictated, by snatches, at totally different occasions, and should subsequently include some repetitions, and I’ll have omitted some things that should be in it; but my recollections are too numerous for me to document all of them, and I consider I’ve given a enough quantity of them to answer my function—to gratify my family and buddies—and I’ll now relaxation.

LibraryPoint editor's observe: illustrations have been added to this text.