CBSE Previous Year Query Papers Class 12 History 2018
Time Allowed: three Hours
Maximum Rating: 70
- The questionnaire incorporates 26 questions.
- All questions are required
- Question no. 1 to 11 carry 1 entry each. These questions must be answered in about 10 to 20 phrases.
- Query no. 12 to 19 carry 3 characters every. These questions must be answered in about 30-50 phrases.
- Question no. 20 to 26 carry 5 characters every. These questions ought to be answered in about 75 to 100 phrases.
** This answer won’t be answered as a result of a change in current curriculum.
Describe the idea of archaeologists recognized centers of handicraft within the Harappan tradition.  Answer:
The idea by which archaeologists determine centers of handicraft manufacturing is:
- Raw supplies resembling stone nodules, entire shells, copper ore, and so forth.
- Rejects and waste: It’s the greatest indicator of craft. For example, if a bark or stone is reduce to make articles, items of these materials might be disposed of as waste at the place of manufacturing.
- Finished Products: Typically giant items of waste have been used to make smaller gadgets, suggesting that in addition to small specialised centers, handicraft production was also carried out in giant cities akin to Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
Explain the sources of revenue for village panchayats in the course of the Mughal Rule in India.  Reply:
The sources of revenue for Village Panchayats through the Indian Mughal Rule have been:
- The contribution of individuals to the joint economic pool.
- Agricultural Taxes.
Take a look at the impact of the "restriction laws" adopted by the British in 1859.  Reply:
In 1859, the British passed the statute of limitations, stating that a loan signed between lenders and ryots would only last three years.
The consequences of the regulation have been:
- Cash lenders manipulated and forced ryots to signal a brand new bond every three years.
- Cashholders refused to problem receipts when the loans have been repaid, fictitious. bonds, acquired the peasants 'harvest at low costs, the cash holders ultimately took the peasants' property.
"There are indications in Harappan society of making and implementing complex decisions." Within the mild of this statement, explain whether there might have been rulers who would rule the Harappan society.  Answer:
There are indications in Harappan society about making and implementing complicated selections.
The proof is:
- A big building present in Mohenjodaro was designated a palace of archaeologists, but no spectacular findings have been made.
- Some archaeologists consider that Harappan society had no rulers and that everybody had an equal standing.
- Others feel that there was not one ruler however several, that Mohenjodaro had a separate ruler, Harappa another and
- In line with some students, the last concept appears probably because it is unlikely that whole communities might have carried out and enforced so difficult selections.
- Harappan objects have been exceptionally uniform.
- Although the bricks clearly didn’t produce any middle, their relationship was uniform throughout the world, from Jammu to Gujarat.
- Staff have been mobilized to make bricks and to construct large walls and pallets. Designed city middle with well-equipped drainage system.
Describe the financial and social circumstances of individuals dwelling in rural areas c. 600 BC – 600 CE. [2 + 2 = 4] Answer:
The agricultural population differed from:
- In accordance with Jataka and Panchatantra, the relationship between the king and his subordinates can typically be strained – kings typically tried to fill the coffers by demanding high taxes. Peasants, particularly, thought-about the calls for as oppressive.
- Numerous methods similar to
- conversion to plow farming,
- contribution of iron plow to agricultural productiveness progress, use of irrigation by means of wells and tanks, and less usually channels have been adopted to extend production.
- Land grants provide some concept of the connection between farmers and the state.
Social State of affairs:
- The excellence between individuals working in progress grew. agriculture – landless agricultural staff, small farmers and enormous landowners.
- The good landowners and the village manager turned robust figures and sometimes dominated other farmers.
- The property was given gender-specific estimates.
- Occupations following individuals of different castes / ravens.
“Ibn Battuta found exciting opportunities in cities on the Indian mainland. "
Explain the statement by referring to the city of Delhi.  Answer:
Ibn Battuta found cities in the Indian mainland full of exciting opportunities, especially the city of Delhi:
- Delhi covers a large area and has a dense population.
- a city that is not parallel. The wall has a width of eleven cubic meters and houses houses for night guards and gatekeepers.
- Within the menus there are stores for storing edible items, magazines, ammunition, ballistics and siege machines.
- The gates of twenty-eight cities, called Darwaza, where the Darwaza of Buddha is the largest.
- Gul Darwaza has an orchard. It has a fine cemetery where the tombs have bubbles and no bubbles are sure to have an arch.
“Sufism developed in response to the growing materialism of the caliphate, a religious and political institution. "Correct.  Answer:
- The Sufis emphasized seeking salvation with a strong dedication and love for God.
- They sought interpretation of the Qur'an based on their personal experience and were critical of definitions and students. the Qur'anic interpretation methods accepted by theologians.
- By the eleventh century Sufism had evolved into a well-developed movement with a wealth of literature on Quranic studies and Sufi practices.
- The Sufisilsila was a kind of chain or link. between the Master and the disciple to find spiritual power and blessings.
- Special initiation rituals were developed, such as using patch cloths, shaving your head, making an open kitchen for charity.
Investigate the involvement of the Takaldarians. Awadh rebellion in 1857.  Answer:
- For generations, Awadhi Talqdars had carried land and power in the countryside and maintained armed detainees built ts and enjoyed some independence as long as they accepted the superpower of the Nawabs and the the British did not want to tolerate the power of the Taluqdars. After accession, the Taluqdars of weapons were laid down and their fortifications were destroyed.
- Britain's rural income policy also hit the farm qdars. In South Awadh, Taluqdars lost more than half of the total villages they previously owned.
- The British government's income stream increased and peasant demand was not reduced, with an increase in income demand from 30 to 70 percent. Therefore, there was no reason for the Taluqdars or the peasants to be satisfied with the annexation of Awadh.
- In areas such as Awadh, where resistance in 1857 was intense and enduring, the Taluqdars and their peasants had fought.  Question 9.
Explain why some hill stations were developed during the Indian colonial period.  Answer:
- The cold climate of Indian hills was seen as an advantage. Especially since the British linked hot weather to epidemics.
- Hill stations were established mainly for the military. protects them from diseases such as cholera and malaria. They also became strategic locations for guarding borders and launching campaigns against enemy rulers.
- These hill stations were also developed into sanatoriums, i.e., places where soldiers could be sent to rest.
- These places are suitable for the British rulers in cold climates where new rulers and auxiliary troops could rest in the summer.
“By 1922, Gandhiji changed Indian nationality, thereby redeeming his promise to the BHU. February 1916 Speech. It was no longer a movement of professionals and intellectuals; Now hundreds of thousands of peasants, workers and craftsmen took part. Many of them respected Gandhij with reference to him as their "Mahatman". They appreciated the fact that he dressed like them, lived their way and spoke their language, unlike other leaders, he did not stand apart from the common people but felt known and even identified with them. “
In the light of the above paragraph, highlight all the four values maintained by Mahatma Gandhi. ** 
Traces the growth of Buddhism. Explain the most important teachings of the Buddha.
Track how the stupas were built. Explain why the Sanchi stupa survived, but not in Amravat. [4 + 4 = 8] Answer:
- Buddhism grew rapidly both during the life of the Buddha and after his death.
- It appeals to many people who are dissatisfied with current religious practices and confused by the rapid social changes around them.  The importance given to use and values rather than claims of birth-based superiority, emphasis on meta (collegiality) and Karuna (compassion), especially for those who were younger and weaker themselves, were men and women for Buddhist teaching.
- Buddhism grew because of the Buddhist text – Tipitaka (Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka), Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa, Ashokavadana, Jatakas and Buddhist Hagiography. message.
- The world is a constant anicca.
- It is soulless (anatta) because it has nothing permanent or eternal.
- In the transient world, grief is inherent to human existence. People can rise above these verbal difficulties by following the path of moderation between serious repentance and spontaneous pampering.
- The Buddha emphasized personal help and righteousness as a means of escaping the rebirth and attaining self.
- Shut down ego and desire to end suffering periods.
Stuppas were considered sacred because they contained remnants of the Buddha, such as the remains of his body or the objects he used to bury them there. According to the Buddhist text, Ashoka Vadana, Ashoka distributed parts of the Buddha's remains to each important city and ordered the construction of stupas on them. In the second century BC, Bharhut, Sanchi and Sarnath were built.
The writings found on the railings and pillars of the stuppies are gifts and decorations of the buildings. Some donors were made by kings, such as the Hundred Witches, others by donors, such as ivory workers, who funded part of the Sanchi gates.
Amaravati did not survive because:
Maybe Amaravati was found. before the researchers understood the value of the findings and realized how critical it was to preserve the things they were found in, they thought of removing them from the scene.
The Amaravati stupas were modified and some of the tile boxes had the Amaravati stupas taken to different places, such as those in Kolkata, Chennai and London, and used in other buildings. Local boundaries also took the remains of the Amravati Stupa to build their temple.
Sanchi Stupa survived because:
It escaped from the eyes of railway contractors, builders, and seekers who could be transported to museums in Europe. Bhopal rulers Shahjehan Begum and his successor Sultan Jehan Begum offered money to preserve it. H. H. Cole opposed the looting of the original works of ancient art. Nineteenth-century Europeans were very interested in the Sanppie stupa. Therefore, it survived the test of time.
Explain why Mughal rulers in India recruited nobility from different races and religious groups.
Explain women from the imperial economy of the Mughal Empire.  Answer:
- The nobility was recruited from many ethnic and religious groups, ensuring that no group was large enough to challenge the authority of the state.
- Mughalian officials were described as a bouquet, held together in loyalty to the emperor. The emperor was very respectful among religious saints and scholars.
- The Turani and Iranian nobles were the earliest in Akbar's imperial service. Akbar was a great and intelligent king and wanted talented people to join his state.
- Two ruling groups of Indian origin came to Imperial service – Rajput and Indian Muslims.
- The nobles participated in military campaigns and also served as imperial officers in their respective provinces.
- The Mansaobdars had two numerical names: Zat, which represented the position in the imperial hierarchy and sawar.
- Members of the Hindu caste who bent on education and accounting were also promoted, a famous example of Akbar's Finance Minister Raja Todar Mai, who belonged to the Khatri caste.
- After Noor Jahan, the Mughal queens and princesses began to control significant financial resources.
- Shanjahan's daughters Jahanara and Roshanara. enjoyed an annual income that was often equal to that of the Imperial Mansions.
- Resource management allowed important women in the Mughal household to comment on Ssion buildings and gardens.
- The pulsating center of Shahjahanabad was the Chandni Chowk bazaar designed by Jahanara.
- Gulbadan Begum, daughter of Babar and Humayun's sister, wrote a picture of Humayun Nama depicting the view of the domestic world. Mughals.
- Gulbadan described in detail the princess and the princess among the princes and kings.
- The common practice of the Mughal household consisted of emperor wives, wives, his close and distant relatives, and female and slaves. . Older women in the family played an important role in conflict resolution.
- Begams who got married after receiving huge amounts of money and valuables as a dower (mahr) naturally got their husband a higher status and more attention than aghas. 19659005] Communities were in the lowest position in the hierarchy. They all received monthly rewards in cash, supplemented by gifts based on their position.
“Community policy, begun in the early 20th century, largely reflected the division of land. "Investigate Statement.
" The Indian division had made nationalists fiercely opposed to the idea of separate electrics. "Study the statement.  Answer:
- The colonial government created separate Muslim voters in 1909, which was expanded in 1919. It decisively shaped the nature of community politics. Separate voters meant that Muslims could now elect their own constituencies .
- There was active opposition and hostility between the communities.
- The Arya Samaj cow protection movement brought people back to the Hindus by folding those who had been converted to Islam after 19 years . Operation Cripps in 1942.
- Hindu Hate for Rapid Spread, Tabligh and Tanzim troops after 1923. Social riots deepened disagreements between communities and caused disturbing memories of violence
- Nationalists were plagued by the ongoing civil war and riots on the partition days.
- B. Pocker Bahadur strongly calls for separate voters to vote in the constituent assembly.
- The idea of separate voters caused anger and sadness among most nationalists in the Constituent Assembly.
- It was seen as a measure taken by the British to divide the Indians.
- This was a demand that moved one community against another.
- It divided people on a community level. It strained the relationship and caused blood.
- It was against the principle of democracy,
- GB Pant said it was suicide for the nation.
- Separate voters could lead to the sharing of loyalty and the difficulty of establishing a strong nation and a strong state.
- The isolation of minorities would prevent them from any effective say in government.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the following questions:
Here is the story of Adab Parvan of Mahabharata:
When Drona, Brahmana, who taught archery in Kuru , contacted Ekalavya, a forest dwelling nishada (hunting community). When Drona, who knew the dharma, refused to consider her a student, Ekalavya returned to the forest, took a picture of Drona from clay and processed it as his teacher, and began to practice himself. In time, he received great professional archery. One day, the Kuru princes went hunting and their dbg roaming the forest came over Ekalavya. When the dog smelled the dark nishada wrapped in black deer skin, his body dirty, it began to become brittle. The irritated Ekalavya fired seven arrows into his mouth. When the dog returned to the Pandavas, they were amazed at this excellent archery display. They tracked down Ekalavya, who introduced himself as a student of Drona.
Drona had once told her favorite student, Arjuna, that she would be unmatched among her students. Arjuna now reminded Drona of this. Drona contacted Ekalavya, who recognized and respected her as a teacher. As Drona demanded his right thumb as a reward, Ekalavya promptly cut it off and offered it. But after he shot with his remaining fingers, he was no longer as quick as before. So Drona kept his word: no one was better than Arjuna.
(14.1) Why did Drona refuse to consider Ekalavya as his student?  (14.2) How did Drona keep his word to Arjuna?  (14.3) Do you consider Drona's behavior with Ekalavya justified? If so, please indicate the reason.  Answer:
(14.1) Drona, was a brahmana who knew dharma. He taught archery to the princes of Kuru. As Ekalavya approached him, the Nishada (hunting community) lodge teaches him archery, but Drona refused to consider Ekalavya as his student because he was of low descent.
(14.2) Drona gave her world Arjuna would be unparalleled among students. To prove this, Drona demanded Eklavya's right thumb as a reward, Ekalavya promptly cut it off and offered it to the guru, so he was no longer as quick as before.
(14.3) Drona's behavior with Ekalavya was justified because he promised Arjuna to be the best at archery, but when he saw Ekalavya, he was amazed at the higher display of his archery. Ekalavya was better than Arjuna's curve, so in order to keep his promise to Arjuna, Drona demanded Ekalavya to reward the thumb of his right hand.
Please read the following extract carefully and answer the following questions:
Born in 1754, Colin Mackenzie became famous as a designer, surveyor and cartographer; In 1815, he was appointed India's first Prime Minister, an office he held until his death in 1821. He began collecting local history and mapping historical sites to better understand India's past and facilitate settlement management. He says that “it struggled for a long time with bad management…. before the South came under the goodwill of the British Government. “By studying Vijaynagar, Mackenzie believed that an East Indian company could obtain“ a lot of useful information about many of these institutions, laws and customs, which continue to be influenced by various indigenous tribes. which constitutes the general mass of the population to this day. ”
(15.1) Who was Colin Mackenzie?  (15.2) How did Mackenzie try to rediscover the Vijaynagar Empire?  (15.three) How did the analysis of the Vijaynagar Empire profit East India?  Answer:
(15.1) Colin Mackenzie was EIC's famous engineer, surveyor and cartographer. He mapped historical websites to raised perceive India's previous and facilitate settlement management. In 1815 he was appointed the primary Indian chief.
(15.2) He started amassing local history and mapping historic websites to raised understand the past of India, which included Vijaynagar in South India.
(15.three) By researching Vijay Nagar, Mackenzie believed that an East Indian agency might achieve useful insights into the various plant laws and practices that continue to affect the varied indigenous tribes that make up the overall inhabitants at this time.
Learn the following excerpt rigorously and reply the following questions:
"Tomorrow's violation of the Salt Tax Act."
On April 5, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi spoke in Dandhi:
When I left Sabarmat. with my partners in this coastal city of Dundee, I didn't think we would get to this place.
While I was in Sabarmat, rumor that I could be arrested. I had thought that the government might allow my party to enter Dand, but I certainly would not. If someone says this betrayed an incomplete faith for me, I will not deny the accusation. The fact that I come here, there is no way of peace and non-violence force: due to the fact that the power to feel like a general. The government can congratulate itself on acting if it wished, because it could have arrested each of us. We thank him for not having the courage to arrest this peace army. It was a shame to arrest such an army. He is a civilized man who feels ashamed to do anything his neighbors would not accept. The government deserves our congratulations for not arresting us, even if it did not merely fear world opinion.
Tomorrow's violation of the Salt Tax Act. Whether the government accepts this is another question. It may not tolerate it, but it deserves to be congratulated for the patience and patience it has shown with regard to this party … …
What if I and all the prominent leaders in Gujarat and elsewhere are arrested? This movement is based on the belief that once the entire nation is tuned in and marched, no leader is necessary.
(16.1) What kind of Mahatma Gandhi was he afraid of when he started his Dandi March?  (16.2) Why did Gandhiji say the government deserves congratulations?  (16.3) Why & # 39; Salt March & # 39; was very significant?  Answer:
(16.1) He wasn't sure if he would be allowed to enter Dand. Gandhiji doubted that he could be arrested, as he said: "The federal government might permit my celebration to enter the Dand district, but not for me."
(16.2) In response to Gandhi, the federal government deserved congratulations for not arresting them,
- The salt march was vital because it brought Gandhi into the parking mild and attracted world attention.
- The participation of girls was very high.  It made the British assume that their British Raj would not continue.
- Gandhi raised widespread dissatisfaction with the British regime.
Part E –
(17.1) Map of India, correctly search and mark the next info:
(a) Amritsar – an necessary middle of nationwide motion.
(b) Area underneath Agra – Babur.
(17.2) In the identical political outline of the map of India, the three places which might be giant Buddhist St gadgets are marked A, B and C. Determine them and write their actual names in the strains drawn close to them.
CBSE Previous Year Question Paper