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CBSE Previous Year Questionnaire Class 12 History 2015 outside Delhi

CBSE Previous Yearly Questions - History of Class 12 outside Delhi 1 [19659189] CBSE Previous Year Question Papers - Category 12 History 2015 - Outside Delhi 1

CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 History 2015 Outside Delhi

Allowed Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Score: 70

Common Instructions:

    • The questionnaire incorporates 26 questions.
    • All questions are required.
    • Query no. 1 to 11 carry 1 entry each. These questions must be answered in about 10 to 20 words.
    • Query no. 12 to 19 carry three characters every. These questions have to be answered in about 30-50 words.
    • Query no. 20 to 26 carry 5 characters each. These questions ought to be answered in about 75 to 100 phrases.

CBSE Previous Year Query Papers Class 12 History 2015 Outside Delhi – Half I

– Part A

Question 1.
How did the Prashasdis draw actual details about the Gupta rulers? [2] Answer:
Factual Info on Prashastic Gupta Rulers:

  1. The history of the Gupta Rulers is reconstructed from literature, coins and writings, together with prashastis, compiled by the King of Poets.
  2. historians typically try to gather factual details about such compositions; those that wrote and wrote valued poetry moderately than accounting.
  3. Prayaga Prashasti (also referred to as Allahabad Column), written in Sanskrit by Harishena, is an effective example of a Samudragupta poet.

Question 2.
Sure practices of the Dharmashastra have been rejected by the Lingayats. Point out all two such practices. [2] Answer:
Lingayats and Dharmashastras:

  1. They worship Shivia in his manifestation as lingua. They do not follow prescribed funeral rituals, corresponding to cremation, in the Dharmashastra. As an alternative, they bury their lifeless our bodies.
  2. Lingayats Challenged Cashton & # 39; Pollution & # 39; an idea that Brahmans had given to certain groups.
  3. They questioned the idea of rebirth.
  4. They inspired practices reminiscent of post-puberty marriage. , widow remarriage, which was not accepted within the Dharmashastra. (All Two)

Question three.
Identify the world where the lottery committee started city planning within the 18th century. Point out one among its options. [2] Reply:
Lottery Committee:

  1. The Lottery Committee was established in Kolkata (Calcutta).
  2. Features:
    • It raised funds for urban regeneration, which was raised by means of a public lottery.
    • The Lottery Committee commissioned a map of the new metropolis to get a complete view of Kolkata (Calcutta).
    • The committee's important actions have been street development within the Indian part of the town and the clearing of the river bank from "intrusions."
    • Removing of cottages pushed to the outskirts of Kolki (Calcutta) and displacement of working poor. (Any)

Half B

Query 4.
Why have been the water assets of the Vijaynagar Empire developed? Give me the explanations. Answer:
Vijaynagar Water Assets

  1. This can be a natural catchment space shaped by Tungabhadra which flows north – hills to the east – surrounded by this and various streams flowing down the river from these hills. Embankments have been built alongside streams to create containers of varied sizes. Since Vijaynagar was one of many driest zones of the peninsula, detailed water arrangements had to be made to retailer and discharge rainwater into the town. [19659005] The Kamalapuram reservoir was not just for watering fields close by, however water was additionally channeled via the canal to the royal middle.
  2. Probably the most outstanding was the Hiriya Channel. It drew water from a dam across the Tungabhadra and irrigated a cultivated valley that separated the holy middle from the guts of the cities.

Query 5.
Research British policy on Paharia within the early 18th century in Bengal. [4] Answer:
British Own Policy on Paharias L

  1. Within the 1770s, the British embarked on a policy of destruction of raw weaponry by searching down and killing them.
  2. By the 1780s, Augustus Cleveland. , proposed a coverage of sedation.
  3. The chiefs of Paharia have been paid an annual wage and got duty for the right conduct of their husbands.
  4. Many Paharian chiefs refused to be compensated, those that accepted their misplaced authority locally and would develop into generally known as "heads of fellows".
  5. The satan retreated deep into the mountains, isolating himself from hostile forces and persevering with the conflict with outsiders. The brutal repression formed their perception of British invasion.
  6. The British positioned Santhals of their areas which led to battle between them.

Query 6.
Clarify methods for sourcing supplies for Haberdasher craftsmen. manufacturing. [4] Reply:
Materials acquired by Harappans:

  1. Harappans acquire materials for handicraft manufacturing in numerous methods. They established settlements corresponding to Nageshwar and Balakot in areas where shells have been out there.
  2. Other pages, like Shortughai, far from Afghanistan,
    one of the best supply for lapis lazul, the blue stones that have been drastically appreciated.
  3. . From Lothal and Bharuch – carnelian was purchased, stearin from southern Rajasthan and northern Gujarat. One other strategy for acquiring raw materials might have been to ship expeditions to areas resembling Rajasthan's Khetri space for copper and South India for gold. 19659005] Current archaeological discoveries recommend that harappans have been sourcing material from other nations, akin to – they obtained copper from Oman referred to as Magan, in Mesopotamian texts. It’s possible that communication with Oman, Bahrain or Mesopotamia happened by sea.

Query 7.
The greed of the sources has been utilized by historians to rebuild the historical past of the Mauryan Empire.
Listing all four such sources. [4] Answer:
Historians have used the next sources to reconstruct the history of the Mauryan Empire. These embrace: Archaeological finds, especially sculpture.

  • An evidence of the Megasthenes that stay in items.
  • Arthashastra, elements of which in all probability consisted of Kautilya or Chanakya.
  • Buddhist, Jain and Puranic literature, as well as Sanskrit literary works.
  • The writings of Ashoka (ca. 272 ​​/ 268-23) on rocks and columns. (Any 4)
  • Query 8.
    Acknowledge the special features of the imperial household of the Mughal Empire. [4] Answer:
    The Mughal Imperial Family

    1. The Mughal Household consisted of the emperor's wives and concubines, his close and distant relations and female servants and slaves.
    2. Polygam was extensively practiced.
    3. . A distinction was made between begamies and agate.
    4. Savonlinna was at the lowest place within the hierarchy.
    5. The sex-based family construction was not utterly static. Motherhood performed an essential position in enhancing the place.
    6. The slave laborers served as guards, servants, and in addition brokers for ladies who wrinkle within the shop.
    7. The Mughal queens and princesses began to regulate vital monetary assets.
    8. Resource management made it necessary. ladies from the Mughal household to order buildings and gardens.
    9. Ladies additionally played an necessary position in resolving conflicts in the Imperial family.

    Query 9.
    Critically look at Lord Dalhousie's Awadh annexation policy. [4] Reply:
    Dalhousie Awadh's Annex Coverage:

    1. Dalhousie described the Awadh kingdom as "a cherry that will fall into our mouth one day."
    2. The conquest passed off in levels. The subsidiary Alliance was arrange in Awadh in 1801.
    3. In accordance with this alliance, Nawab was to disband its army forces, permit the British to deploy their troops in the kingdom, and act on British advice. A resident who was hooked up to the courtroom. Thus, Nawab turned depending on the British.
    4. The British needed to purchase Awadh because its soil was good for rising Indigo and cotton and it was ideally positioned for commerce.
    5. The incorporation of Awadh would complement the British territorial incorporation. begins in Bengal a century earlier.
    6. It was added due to maladministration. The English are improper to imagine that Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was an unpopular ruler at the similar time as a result of he was beloved.

    Query 10.
    Read the following paragraph and answer the next query: [1 + 3 = 4] Dr. Khushdeva Singh describes his work as "humbly trying to accomplish my role as human beings to other people."
    "Love is stronger than hate." How true this value was proved at the time of sharing. India? What are the values ​​wanted to avoid anger? Clear.
    "The 1857 uprising marked the first nationalist challenge for English in India." Explain and provides examples of how rebels have been absorbed and practiced.
    Reply:
    This worth is true as a result of historians have found quite a few tales about how individuals helped each other during sharing.
    For example, Dr. Khushdeva Singh gained the hearts of the individuals of different communities by serving them.
    Values ​​to be constructed. and with a view to keep away from anger, the next are required:

    • integrity and a sense of oneness
    • respect for all religions equally.
    • secularity and democracy.
    • peaceful coexistence.
    • equality before the regulation. ,
    • Humanistic Emotion.
    • Social Justice.
    • Selfless
    • Intolerance
    • Kindness and Compassion
    • Sharing and Caring

    Part – C

    Query 11.
    "The Salt March 1930 was the first event that awakened the Mahat" . Explain the importance of this motion to Swaraj. [8] Answer:
    Gandhiji Salt March:
    (i) Gandhiji began his march on Sabarmat on March 12, 1930 and broke the salt by making salt in Dandi and broke the salt monopoly. [19659003] (ii) Parallel salt marches and demonstrations have been also held elsewhere within the nation. Peasants, manufacturing staff, legal professionals, college students and local officers joined the march.

    (iii) During March, Gandhiji advised the higher castes that in the event that they needed Swaraj, they had to serve the untouchables. Hindus, Muslims, Parsis and Sikhs must unite, and these are steps in the direction of Swaraj.

    (iv) Gandhiji Salt March was reported in the American Time magazine. In its first March report, the journal was deeply skeptical about reaching the salt march to its destination. However bold, it modified its outlook and honored Gandhi as a "saint" and statesman.

    (v) The Salt March was vital for 3 causes: First, this occasion introduced Gandhiji into the world. It was extensively coated by the European and American press.

    Second, it was the primary nationalist activity through which ladies participated in giant numbers. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, a socialist activist, assured Gandhiji to not prohibit the demonstration to males alone. He himself condemned the arrest warrants in violation of the Salt and Liquor Act.

    . Thirdly, probably the most vital facet of the Salt March was that it made the British understand that their Borders wouldn’t last eternally and that they needed to transfer some energy. Indian individuals.

    (vi) To this end, the UK Authorities invited a collection of Spherical Table Conferences to London. The first meeting, held in November 1930 and not using a major political leader in India, was in vain. When Gandhiji was launched from prison in January 1931, many conferences have been held with Viceryy, culminating in the Gandhi-Irwin Settlement, which freed non-civilians and released all prisoners and allowed salt manufacturing off the coast. Gandhiji represented Congress on the Second Round Desk Convention in London.

    Question 12.
    "Colonialist Bombay architecture represented the ideas of imperial rule,
    nationalism, and religious glory." [8] Answer:
    Architecture in Colonial Bombay:

    1. As Bombay's financial system grew in the mid-19th century, the British developed new governance buildings. Most of the new buildings have been inbuilt a European type to mirror the rulers' culture and confidence. To symbolize their power, their superiority, which might also imply the difference between the colonial and their Indian subjects.
    2. The British public buildings adopted three architectural types. The first was the neoclassic, which have been geometric buildings with lofty columns.
    3. Its unique fashion was that of historic Rome, the British discovered it ideally suited for expressing their honor to imperial India, for instance, Bombay Town Hall was built id 1833, Elphinstone Circle was later renamed the Horniman Circle, which inspired fashions in Italy. It used progressive arcades to protect consumers and pedestrians from the solar and rain in Bombay. One other fashion was Neo Gothic, which was characterised by excessive canopies with sharp arches and detailed décor.
    4. The Gothic type had its roots in buildings, especially church buildings, which have been inbuilt Northern Europe within the Center Ages.
    5. The Neo-Gothic type revived within the mid-20th century in England, and Victoria Terminus is probably the most hanging instance of this type.
    6. In the direction of the 20th Century, a new hybrid. developed an architectural type referred to as Indo-Saracenic. Europeans used the term Saracen to confer with Muslims and Indo was a shorthand for Hindus. The inspiration came from India's medieval buildings – domes, chhatris, jalis and arches. An instance of indosaracenic is the Indian Gate and the Taj Mahal Lodge.
    7. By combining Indian and European types, the British needed to show they have been the reputable rulers of India.

    Question 13.
    Describe the life of a forest. inhabitants of the Mughal period. [8] Reply:
    Mughal Indian forest dwellers

    1. In the current textual content, forest dwellers have been referred to as jangli. Nevertheless, being a Yangtze didn’t mean the absence of civilization. The time period used to explain those whose livelihoods came from amassing forest products, searching, and changing agriculture.
    2. These actions have been seasonal, which continued mobility.
    3. For the state, the forest was a refuge for security guards.
    4. Exterior troops came into the forest in several methods. The state demanded elephants for the army, so the peshkash collected from the forest individuals typically contained the availability of elephants.
    5. Searching symbolizes the good concern of the state to ensure justice for all of its websites and was additionally painted. [19659005] The spread of economic agriculture was an essential external issue affecting the lives of forest dwellers.
    6. Honey, beeswax and rubber caps, corresponding to forest merchandise, have been in high demand and became necessary locations for export to India. [19659005] The elephants have been captured and bought. The transaction concerned barter trade. Punjab tribe The Lohanis tribe participated within the land trade between India and Afghanistan.
    7. Social elements also influenced their lives. Tribal leaders, who turned Zamindars and even royal,
      demanded military and recruited individuals from their lineage or demanded their brotherhood to offer army service, for instance, Sindh area tribes had armies consisting of horsemen and infantry. In Assam, the sites of the kings of Ahom have been
    8. The Sufi saints performed an essential position in spreading Islam among these individuals.

    Half D –

    Query 14.
    How did Sutta-Pitaka rebuild the philosophy of Buddhism? Point out Buddhist Tipitaka. [8] Answer:
    Sutta Pitaka reconstructs Buddhist philosophy.

    1. Buddha's teachings are reconstructed from stories found principally in Sutta Pitaka. These tales portray his marvelous powers and wisdom somewhat than the presentation of supernatural power.
    2. The world is transient and always altering; it’s also soulless as a result of it has nothing permanent.
    3. grief is inherent to human existence. Individuals can rise above these earthly issues by following the path of moderation between critical therapeutic and self-indulgence. [19659005] Within the earliest type of Buddhism, the existence of God did not matter. The Buddha thought-about the social world
      to be of human creation and never of divine origin.
    4. He advised kings to be human and ethical.
    5. Private effort was expected to vary social relationships.
    6. The Buddha emphasised the individual. functionality and righteous motion as a way of escaping the cycle of rebirth and attaining self-realization and nirvana. The ego and want are thus extinguished by terminating the struggling interval. Significance of Utilization and Values ​​As an alternative of claiming birth-based superiority, the emotions of the weaker and the cruel have been emphasized.
    7. The Buddhist developed an alternate notion of social inequality and the institutions needed to manage social battle. Within the fable present in Sutta Pitaka, they recommend that initially, humans didn’t have absolutely developed bodily varieties, nor did the plant world absolutely developed.
    8. All beings lived in idyllic tranquility, taking from nature solely what was mandatory. Buddhist tip tag:

      1. It means three baskets with three forms of texts. They have been first given orally after which written and categorised in accordance with topic.
      2. Vinaya Pitaka contained rules and laws for "members of a sangha or monastic organization."
      3. Sutta Pitaka, which accommodates Buddha, and Abhidhamma Pitaka dealt with philosophical matters.

      Question 15.
      Read the following paragraph rigorously and reply the following questions:
      "Real" social roles
      Right here is the story of Adi Parvan. Mahabharata:
      As soon as upon a time, Drona, a brahmani who taught archery to the Kuru princes, contacted Eklavya, a forest lodge in nishada (the searching group). When Drona, who knew the Dharma, refused to think about her a scholar, Eklavya returned, pre-made an image of Drona in clay and processed it as his instructor, and commenced to follow himself. In time, he acquired nice professional archery. At some point the Kuru princes went searching and their canine roaming the forest came to Eklavya. When the dog smelled the darkish nishada wrapped in black deer skin, his physique dirty, it began to turn into brittle. The irritated Eklavya fired seven arrows into his mouth. When the dog returned to the Pandavas, they have been amazed at this wonderful archery show. They tracked down Eklavya, who launched himself as a scholar of Drona.

      Drona had once informed her favourite scholar, Arjuna, that she can be unmatched among her college students. Arjuna now reminded Drona of this. Drona approached Eklavya, who acknowledged and respected her as her instructor. As Drona demanded his proper thumb as a reward, Eklavya hatefully reduce it off and provided it. But after he shot together with his remaining fingers, he was not as fast as before. So Drona stored his phrase: nobody was higher than Arjuna.
      (15.1) Why did Drona refuse to think about Eklavya as his scholar? [2] (15.2) How does Eldavya reply to the Guru's request? [2] (15.three) Mention the two versions of Guru-Shishya Parampara talked about in the given passage. [3] Reply:
      Source Question:
      (15.1) Guru Drona refused to think about Eklavya as his pupil because:

      1. He was a forest dweller and belonged to the Nishada (searching group)
      2. . Drona was a Brahman and adopted his Dharma as a result of, in accordance with Dharma-Shasta, Brahmans were not supposed to show the decrease group.

      (15.2) Ekalavya's response:

      1. Eldavya acknowledged Drona's declare and revered his guru.
      2. When Drona demanded his proper thumb as a reward or his guru dakshina, Eklavya promptly reduce it off and provided it:

      (15.three) Guru – Shishya Parampara:

      1. Drona stored his promise to Arjuna, as a result of Drona had once favored Arjuna he can be unmatched amongst his college students.
      2. Drona holding his promise to Arjuna pressured Eklavya to break his thumb and supply it to himself as the guru dakshina.
      3. Eklavya acknowledged and revered him as a guru and followed Guru Shishya. Parampara, gave h on thumb like guru Dakshina to him.

      Query 16.
      Learn the following paragraph rigorously and reply the following questions:
      Baby unhappy
      That is perhaps certainly one of Bernier's most humble descriptions:
      Probably the most lovely younger widow so sacrificed in Lahore, I don't assume Be over 12 years previous. The poor litde creature seemed more lifeless than alive as he approached a terrifying pit: the ache of his thoughts could not be described; he trembled and wept bitterly; however three or 4 Brahmans assisted the previous lady, who held her beneath her arm, pressured the unwilling victim in the direction of a fatal place, sat on a tree, sure her arms and ft so that she shouldn’t escape, and in that state of affairs the harmless being was burned alive. It was troublesome for me to counter your feelings and stop them from bursting with explosive and unremitting rage…
      (16.1) Why did Bernier contemplate this remedy to be a decisive signal of the variations between West and East societies? [3] (16.2) What position did Indian patriarchal society play on this social evil? [2] (16.three) Examine the situation of girls of the above period to the present state of affairs. [2] Reply:
      (16.1) Bernier noticed this remedy as a decisive signal of the distinction between West and East society because:

      1. In Western societies, ladies have been concerned in governance, but in Japanese societies ladies have been abused.
      2. Ladies had rights in Western society, whereas they have been denied rights in Japanese society.
      3. Ladies acquired schooling in the west, but in japanese society there was no schooling and lots of social evils such because the Sari, the purdah system, and baby marriages existed.
      4. Males in japanese societies have been in contrast to these within the west.

      (16.2) Patriarchal Society of India:

      1. It was a male-dominated society where ladies had no rights, have been handled, discriminated towards and restricted by the house.
      2. Social inequality was visible and thus led to those social evils.

      (16.three) Comparability of the state of affairs of girls:

      1. In the Center Ages ladies didn’t have rights, but right now Sari, slavery is.
      2. At the moment's ladies are properly educated and convincing.
      3. There are ladies empowered in this era.
      4. He has social, financial and political rights.

      Query 17.
      Read the next paragraph. and punctiliously reply the next questions:
      "The British element is gone but they have left the evil behind."
      Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel stated:
      It’s no use saying that we are asking for separate voters as it’s for us good. We've heard it lengthy enough. We’ve got heard it for years, and because of this unrest, we at the moment are a separate nation … Are you able to present me one free country with totally different nations. citizens? If so, I am prepared to simply accept it. However on this unlucky nation, if this separate voter continues, even after the nation has been divided, unfortunately it’s going to occur; subsequently there isn’t a cause to stay. Subsequently, I say that I say that it isn’t on your own good, however on your personal benefit, overlook the previous. Someday we might have the same opinion … The British component is gone, however they’ve left evil behind. We don't need to proceed that evil. (Hey, hey). When the British introduced this component, that they had not expected them to go so soon. They needed it for straightforward administration. It's okay. However they’ve left a legacy behind. Will we let it go or not? (CAD, VOL.V)
      (17.1) Why are separate voters thought-about as abuse? [2] (17.2) Mention the arguments put forward by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel for constructing political unity and nation-building. [3] (17.three) How did the philosophy of separate voters lead to a separate nation?
      [2] Answer:
      (17.1) A separate voter was thought-about dangerous:

      1. It was like a poison that had come into politics.
      2. Demand had turned one group towards each other.
      3. It brought about bloodshed, civil conflict riots.
      4. It divided the nation.

      (17.2) Building Political Unity and Constructing a Nation:

      1. He thought-about separate voters a poison.
      2. For the sake of the goodness of the earth, it shouldn’t be noticed.
      3. In an effort to keep peace, it was crucial that this technique be disregarded.
      4. To build a robust nation, each individual have to be shaped into a citizen and assimilated inside the nation.
      5. Because the need for political unity is important, but not separatist emotions.

      (17.3) Separate Voter Philosophy:

      1. It modified one group towards another and brought on a whole lot of bleeding. [19659005] the British cultivated separatist feelings for his or her selfish purposes.
      2. Communal anger led to a tragic cut up.
      3. It led to the isolation and potential division of minorities. Half E –

        Query 18.
        (18.1) Find and mark within the given Indian Political District Map the next entries: [2] (a) Dholavira
        (b) Agra – Capital of Mughals

        (18.2) The identical map of India exhibits three centers related to the 1857 uprising. A, B, and C. Determine them and write their real names on the strains around them. [3] Answer:
          CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Grade 12 History 2015 Outside Delhi 2

          CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Grade 12 History 2015 Outside Delhi 2

        CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Grade 12 history 2015 outside delhi – II

        Observe: Apart from the following questions, all the remaining questions are asked in the earlier group:

        half A

        question 1.
        How have been cash used within the first century CE? Give two examples. [2] Reply:

        1. Within the first century, the Kushanas issued the primary gold coins of CE, which have been of the identical weight as these issued by the present Roman kings and get together rulers of Iran. Its widespread use demonstrated the trading network.
        2. The cash have been issued by the Yaudheyas Tribes of the Punjab and Haryana in the 1st Century (c. First Century CE). ,
        3. Yaudheyas has revealed several thousand copper cash displaying interest in economic trade.

        Question 2.
        Kabir Bijak and Kabir Granthavali are two separate but overlapping traditions. How do they survive? [2] Answer:
        Kabir Bijak and Kabir Granthavali stay in the type:

        1. Kabir Bijak is preserved in Kabir Panth (Kabir path or sect) in Varanasi and elsewhere in the UN
        2. Kabir Granthavali joins Dadupanth in Rajasthan.

        Half B

        Query 4.
        Why was Vijaynagar's Vitthala Temple distinctive? [4] Reply:
        Traits of Vijaynagar Vitthala Temple:

        1. The primary deity was Vitthala, a type of Vishnu generally worshiped in Maharashtra.
        2. The introduction of the worship of the gods of Karnataka appealed to varied. traditions for creating imperial culture.
        3. This temple also has a number of lobbies and a singular carriage shrine.
        4. The hallmark of the temple complexes is the streetcars that stretched in a straight line from the gopuram temple. These streets have been paved with stone slabs and lined with columnar pavilions on which retailers established their shops.
        5. These temples have been supported by the Nayaks.

        Kysymys 5.
        Mikä oli toinen nimi 'Bombay Deccanin tuloista' 1820-luvun järjestelmä. Mainitse sen kolme ominaisuutta. [1 + 3 = 4] Vastaus:
        Toinen nimi Bombay Deccanin tulojärjestelmästä oli Ryotwari-järjestelmä.
        Ominaisuudet:

        1. Tulot olivat direcdy-määräisiä ryotteilla.
        2. Erilaisista maaperistä saadut keskimääräiset tulot arvioitiin.
        3. ryotin tulonmaksukyky arvioitiin. Osa siitä vahvistettiin valtion osuutena.
        4. Maat herätettiin uudelleen joka 30. vuosi ja tuloprosentit nousivat.
        5. Tulotarpeet eivät olleet enää pysyviä.

        Kysymys 6.
        Kuvaile arkeologien mielipiteet Harappanin sivilisaation keskushallinnosta. [4] Vastaus:
        Arkeologien erilaisia ​​mielipiteitä Harappan sivilisaation keskushallinnosta:

        1. Arkeologit merkitsivat Mohenjodarosta löytyneen suuren rakennuksen palatsiksi, mutta siihen ei liitetty mitään mahtavia löytöjä.
        2. Kivi patsas oli merkitty ja tunnetaan edelleen nimellä "pappi-kuningas".
        3. Jotkut arkeologit ovat sitä mieltä, että Harappanin yhteiskunnalla ei ollut hallitsijoita ja että kaikilla oli tasa-arvoinen asema.
        4. . Toiset kokevat, että yhtäkään ei ollut. hallitsija, mutta useita, että Mohenjodarolla oli erillinen hallitsija, Harappalla toinen ja niin edelleen.
        5. Muut väittävät, että olemassa yksi valtio, koska esineiden samankaltaisuus, suunniteltujen siirtokuntien todisteet, tiilien koon standardisoitu suhde ja siirtokuntien perustaminen raaka-ainelähteiden läheisyyteen. Viimeinen teoria on kaikkein todennäköisin, koska on epätodennäköistä, että kokonaiset yhteisöt olisivat yhdessä voineet tehdä ja panna täytäntöön niin monimutkaisia ​​päätöksiä.

        Kysymys 7.
        ”Tarkan ja yksityiskohtaisen kirjanpidon pitäminen oli Mughalin hallinnon tärkein huolenaihe. . ”Perustele. [4]Answer:
        The retaining of tangible and detailed report was a serious concern of the Mughal administration

        1. The Mir Bakhshi supervised the corps of courtroom writers who recorded all purposes and paperwork introduced to the courtroom, and all imperial orders (farman).
        2. Brokers or wakils of nobles and regional rulers recorded all the proceedings of the courtroom underneath the heading “News from the Exalted court(Akhbarat)” with the date and time of the session.
        3. The Akhbarat contained all types of data akin to attendance on the courtroom, grant of workplaces and tides, diplomatic missions, presents acquired, or the enquires made by the emperor concerning the health of an officer.
        4. It was beneficial for writing the historical past of the public and private lives of kings and nobles.
        5. News reviews and essential official paperwork travelled throughout the size and breadth of the areas beneath imperial publish.
        6. Spherical —the-clock relays of foot-runners carrie d papers rolled up in bamboo containers.
        7. The emperor acquired studies from even distant provincial capitals within a number of days.
        8. Agents of nobles posted outside the capital and Rajput princess and tributary rulers copied these bulletins and sent their contents by messenger again to their masters. The empire was related by a surprisingly speedy info loop for public news.

        Question 9.
        Look at the provisions of ‘Subsidiary Alliance System’ devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798 for India. [4]Answer:
        Following level look at the supply of subsidiary Alliance System:

        1. The British can be answerable for defending their ally from exterior and inner threats to their energy.
        2. Within the territory of the ally, a British armed contingent can be stationed.
        3. The ally would have to present the assets for maintaining this contingent.
        4. The ally might enter into agreements with other ruler or interact in warfare solely with the permission of the British.
        5. The ajly had to hold the resident who was the consultant of the Governor Basic and was not underneath direct British rule.

        CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 History 2015 Outside Delhi Set – III

        Word : Apart from the next questions, all of the remaining questions have been asked in earlier set.

        Part – A

        Question 1.
        How did Kushana rulers exemplify themselves with the high standing ? [2]Answer:
        Kushana Rulers :

        1. One means of claiming high standing was to determine with quite a lot of deities.
        2. The notions of Kingship they wished to undertaking are seen in their cash and sculptures.
        3. Colossal statues of Kushana rulers have been installed in Mathura and Afghanistan.
        4. They projected themselves godlike.
        5. They adopted the tide of devaputra or ‘Son of God’.

        Query 2.
        “The message of Guru Nanak Devji was based on divinity.” Point out any two features of it. [2]Answer:
        Guru Nanak Dev’s Divinity:

        1. He advocated nirguna bhakti.
        2. He rejected sacrifices, ritual baths, image worship, austerities and the scriptures of each Hindus and Muslims.
        3. For him the Absolute or ‘rab’ had no gender or type.
        4. He proposed a easy method to hook up with the divine by remembering and repeating the divine identify.
        5. He expressed his ideas by way of hymns referred to as ‘Shabad’.

        Part – B

        Question four.
        Why did the imperial power of Vijaynagar decline after the demise of Krishnadeva Raya ? [4]Reply:
        Vijaynagar declined after the demise of Krishnadeva Raya:

        1. After Krishnadeva Raya’s demise in 1529 his successors have been troubled by rebellious nayakas or army chiefs.
        2. By 1542 management at the centre shifted to the Aravidu lineage.
        3. The army ambitions resulted in shifting alignments.
        4. This led to an alliance of the Sultanates towards Vijaynagar.
        5. In 1565 Rama Raya, the chief minister of Vijaynagar, led the army into the battle at Rakshasi- Tangadi (Talikota), where he was defeated by Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golconda.
        6. The victorious armies sacked the town of Vijaynagar. The town was totally abandoned inside a number of years.

        Query 5.
        Analyse the impression of cotton growth in India through the American Civil Warfare. [4]Answer:
        Influence of cotton growth in India in the course of the American civil conflict :

        1. When the American Civil Conflict broke out in 1861, a wave of panic unfold in Britain.
        2. As cotton prices soared export retailers in (Bombay) Mumbai have been keen to satisfy the British demand.
        3. They gave advances to urban sahukars who in turn prolonged credit score to rural moneylenders who promised to secure the produce.
        4. The ryots within the Deccan villages instantly discovered limitless credit score.
        5. While the American disaster continued, cotton manufacturing within the Bombay Deccan expanded. By 1862 over 90 % of cotton imports into Britain have been coining from India.
        6. Because the Civil conflict ended, cotton manufacturing in America revived and Indian cotton exports declined.

        Query 6.
        Explain the exclusive features of the craft manufacturing in Chanhudaro. [4]Reply:
        Options of the craft manufacturing in Chanhudaro :

        1. It was solely devoted to craft manufacturing ,
          including bead—making, shell-cutting, metal-working, seal-making and weight—making.
        2. The variety of supplies used to make beads was—stones like carnelian, jasper, crystal, quartz and steatite, metals like copper, bronze and gold, faience and terracotta or burnt clay.
        3. Some beads have been made from two or extra stones, cemented collectively or with gold caps. ,
        4. The shapes have been numerous—disc formed, cylindrical, spherical, barrel-shaped and segmented.
        5. Some have been adorned by incising or portray and some had designs etched onto them.
        6. Methods for making beads differed in line with the fabric. Steatite a very mushy stone was easily labored. Carnelian was obtained by firing raw materials and beads at numerous levels of manufacturing.
        7. Nodules have been chipped into rough shapes, after which finely flaked into the ultimate type.
        8. Grinding, sprucing and drilling accomplished the process.
        9. It’s possible that finished products similar to beads from Chanhudaro have been taken to giant city centres reminiscent of Mohenjodaro and Harappa.

        Query 7.
        “Historians have provided accounts of diplomatic relationships and conflicts with the neighbouring political powers of the Mughal Empire.” Elaborate. [4]Reply:
        Diplomatic relationship and conflicts with the neighbouring political energy of the Mughal Empire.

        1. Rigidity-and political rivalry between them was because of regional interests.
        2. The political and diplomatic relations between the Mughals and Iran and Turan hinged on the management of the Hindukush mountains.
        3. A continuing goal of Mughal policy was to regulate strategic outposts-Kabul and Qandhar.
        4. Qandhar was a bone of rivalry between the Safavids and the Mughals.
        5. In 1613 Jahangir despatched a diplomatic envoy to the courtroom of Shah Abbas to plead for retaining Qandhar, but the mission failed.
        6. Within the winter of 1622 a Persian army besieged Qandhar. The Mughal garrison was defeated and needed to give up the fortress and the town to the Safavids.
        7. The relationship between the Mughals and the Ottomans was marked by the concern to make sure free movement for retailers and pilgrims the place the necessary pilgrim centres of Mecca and Medina have been situated.
        8. The Mughal emperor often mixed faith and commerce by exporting beneficial merchandise to Aden and Mokha both Purple Sea Ports.

        Query 9.
        Look at the repressive measures adopted by the British to subdue the rebels of 1857. [4]Reply:
        Repressive measures adopted by the British to subdue the rebels of 1857 :

        1. Before sending out troops to reconquer north India the British passed a collection of Legal guidelines to help them quell the insurgency.
        2. By various Acts, the entire of north India was put beneath Martial Regulation.
        3. Army officers and even unusual Britons were given the facility to attempt to punish Indians suspected of rebel.[1 9459076]Strange processes of Regulation and trial have been suspended and it was put out that insurrection would have just one punishment-death.
        4. Reinforcements have been introduced in from Britain. British mounted a two-pronged attack. One drive moved from Calcutta and another from Punjab to reconquer Delhi.
        5. Within the Gangetic plains the forces needed to reconquer the world, village by village.
        6. The British aside from using army power, also tried to interrupt up the unity between the landholders and peasants.
        7. Rebel Landholders have been dispossessed and constant rewarded. Many Landholders died preventing the British or they escaped into Nepal.

        CBSE Previous Year Question Papers