CBSE Previous Year Query Papers Class 12 History 2016 Delhi
Time Allowed: three Hours
Maximum Score: 70
- The questionnaire incorporates 26 questions.
- All questions are
- Query no. 1 to 11 carry 1 entry each. These questions have to be answered in about 10 to 20 words.
- Query no. 12 to 19 carry 3 characters every. These questions must be answered in about 30-50 phrases.
- Question no. 20 to 26 carry 5 characters every. These questions must be answered in about 75 to 100 words.
** This answer won’t be answered as a result of a change in current curriculum.
CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 History 2016 Delhi Collection – Half I
Who was John Marshall? How did he signify a change in Indian archeology? [1 + 1 = 2] Answer:
John Marshall was president of the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) from 1902 to 1928. He was recognized for excavations at Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Sanchi, Sarnath and Taxila.
Reveals one similarity and one distinction between Lingayats and Nayanars. [1 + 1 = 2] Reply:
Each denounced the Brahmanic normal like rituals and opposed the caste system, but the Nayanaars worshiped Shva each within the linga and within the type of the idol, whereas the lingayats worshiped only the forms of the linga.
How do Indian hill stations develop into racially enclaves of Europeans in the 19th century? Clarify two causes.  Answer:
- The introduction of railroads made hills accessible to a wide variety of people.
- Institution of tea and occasional plantations, which prompted the immigrant labor drive to movement from the plain.
Part B –  Question four.
Mention all two modifications noticed after 1900 BC in the Harappan civilization. What might have caused these modifications? Clarify. [2 + 2 = 4] Answer:
- Europeans created colonies resembling their houses.
- The buildings have been inbuilt European fashion.
- The British based church buildings and schools.
- They have been the British summer time capital. Authorities like Simla, Nainital, Ooty, and so on.
The explanations for the modifications are:
“The mid-millennium BC is usually thought-about an essential turning point. historical past of the world. "Justify.  Answer:
Mid-millennium BC A turning point in world history:
- Occurrence of various thinkers, such as Socrates, Buddha, around the world.
- The birth of the Upanishads in India. 19659005] Trying to understand the mystery of existence, the ultimate reality, etc.
- Trying to understand the afterlife.
- The relationship between humans and the cosmic order is understood.
- Assembling the Rig Veda.
- A sacrificial tradition existed and was asked,
- Philosophical discussions for understanding the world in Kutagrashala.
Emphasize all four points that Barbosa, a Portuguese traveler, found in the city report of the Vijaynagar Empire.  Answer:
Barbosa has described a detailed account of the rulers of Vijaynagar, the economic and social life of the kingdom. The four aspects observed by Barbosa are presented below:
- Most of the houses were thatched but well built.
- The houses were arranged by the occupation of the people on long streets in many open spaces.
- All Nagar was surrounded by a mountain, a river, a good wall.
- Many gems were imported from Pegasus and Celan, and there are many diamonds in the country itself.
Describe the natural problems you encounter in Al-Baruni's task of understanding India's social and Brahaman practices. Mention two sources that provided her support. [2 + 2 = 4] Answer:
The two natural problems that Al-Baruni encountered were:
- Language: Al-Baruni only knew Arabic and Persian and could not understand Sanskrit.
- Religious beliefs and practices. The two souras who offered him support were:
- The Vedas and the Puranas
- Bhagwad Geeta and Manusmriti.
“The battle between the hoe and the plow was long. “Justify the statement by referring to the Santhals and Paharis lives of Raj Mahal Hills in the 18th century.  Answer:
The villains were the chief inhabitants of the Rajmahal hills. They practiced Jhooming cultivation. They were very close to nature. In the 1770s, the British embarked on a policy of destruction of raw weapons by hunting down and killing the bad guys. Then in the 1780s Augustus Cleveland proposed a policy of sedation. But Paharis refused. As the peace campaign for Paharia continued, Paharis retreated deep into the mountains to wage war with outsiders. But so far, Santhals has given new dangers. The Santhals fell into the area, cleared the forest, felled the wood, plowed the land, and raised rice and cotton. When the Santhal settlers wanted the descents, Paharia climbed deeper into the hills of Rajmahal. If the life of Paharia was symbolized by Kaa, Santhal came to represent the power of the plow.
Investigate how Lord Dalhousie's annexation policy created dissatisfaction among the Awadh people.  Answer:
The British thought Awadh's soil was very good for producing indigo and cotton, and the area was ideally situated to be developed as the main market for Upper India. Lord Dalhousie had completed the Awadh annexation in 1856, causing dissatisfaction among the Awadh people. Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was expelled and expelled in Calcutta by appealing to the regional government. He was widely loved, and when he left his beloved Lucknow, there were many who followed him to Kanpur, singing songs of complaint. This emotional disorder was aggravated by immediate material loss. The removal of Nawab led to the dissolution of the court and its culture. Thus, a number of people – musicians, dancers, poets, artisans, chefs, arresters and administrators – lost their livelihoods. The Taluqdars and blacksmiths were made unemployed and powerless.
Read the following paragraph and answer the following question: [4 × 1 = 4] Every citizen of a free state should be treated in a way that satisfies not only his material. wants, but also his sense of mental self-esteem and the majority community have a duty to try to understand minorities' problems and recognize their aspirations. How could a citizen of a free country express that he or she has absorbed the values of equality and social justice in dealing with members of the minority community? Explain. **
"There was more to Indian agriculture than planting agriculture." Explain the statement in the Mughal period.
“despite its limitations, Ain-i-Akbari remains an exceptional document of its time. “Explain the statement.  Answer:
"The Indian countryside was more than planting agriculture." This statement can be explained by the following:
- In the modern text, the forest inhabitants were known as the "Yangli". . However, this did not mean the absence of civilization.
- The term Yangtze was described for those whose livelihoods came from collecting forest products, hunting, and changing agriculture.
- These functions were mainly seasonal. For example, among the Bhilies, the spring season was reserved for gathering forest products.
- Among Bhilies, spring was reserved for gathering forest products, summer for fishing, monsoon months for cultivation, winter and autumn for hunting.
- The three factors behind the continuing expansion of agriculture were:
- land abundance,
- available labor,
- peasant mobility.
- although the monsoon always remained the backbone of Indian agriculture, but these were plants that required extra water. To this end, artificial irrigation systems had to be developed.
- Irrigation projects received government support. In northern India, the state made mines to repair new canals and repair existing ones.
- Persian Persian sources from the Mughal era used the term "raiyat" to describe a peasant. In the 18th century AD, available sources refer to two types of peasantry –
Despite its limitations, Ain-i-Akbari is a peculiar document of its time, true to its fascinating glimpses of structure and Mughal Empire organization and gives us information about their products and people. Abul Fazl achieved a significant break in the traditions of medieval chroniclers, who wrote mainly about major political events, political machinations that conquered wars, and dynamic turmoil.
Ain stored information about the kingdom and the citizens of India, and is thus a bench. a brand for studying India at the turn of the 17th millennium. The value of Ain's quantitative evidence is undeniable in agricultural research. The information provided in the material about the people, their trades and professions, and the imperial founding and the kingdom's mansabdars, gives historians an opportunity to reconstruct the social fabric of India at that time.
Analyze distinctive aspects of oral testimony to understand the history of the division of British India.
Investigate several events that led to the division of British India.  Answer:
1. Here are the strengths and limitations of oral history:
- Oral history visits areas of events that are not included in the formal area. It also helps us understand the trials and tribulations of our common forces.
- Oral history reveals the mysterious perspectives of events that help us experiment with experiences and memories in detail.
- Oral history discovers those passages that would have remained in the dark.
- Oral history gives historians the opportunity to extend the boundaries of their discipline. This provides information that is impossible to obtain from public records.
- It helps or succeeds in finding out the experiences of men and women whose existence has so far been neglected.
2. The following are the limitations of oral history: However, many historians remain skeptical about oral history. They rightly reject its reality and place it in the fiction class instead of the facts.
3. Oral sources helped us better understand the section:
- Historians can use oral testimonies to collaborate with Indian sources on the Holocaust and thus help eliminate internal controversies and contradictions.
- The oral description has supported the official description of the section. by offering a more personal advantage.
- The experiences to which it relates play a key role in the story, so much so that oral sources should be included for scrutiny and justice, on the contrary.
Four major events occurred which led to the British Indian Paritition:
1. Salt March
2. Stop Indian Movement (19459005) 3. Hindu Muslim Conflict
4. Indian Independence.
1. Salt march: March 12, 1939 Gandhiji began his walk from the Ashram in Sabarmat towards the sea. Gandhiji wanted to say that salt is made from nature by any effort, which is why the British pay so much tax on it.
2. Stop Indian Movement: Following the failure of the Cripps operation, Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch his third largest movement against the UK Government. The Quit India Campaign, which began in August 1942, was a mass movement that brought hundreds of thousands of ordinary Indians.
3. Hindu Muslim Conflict: Early in 1946, new elections were held for provincial legislators. But the seats reserved for the Islamists, where the league achieved an overwhelming majority of cabinet delegation in 1946, did not get Congress and the league to agree on a federal system that would keep India together. On a designated date, August 16, 1946, which was Jinnah, was called the "Day of Direct Motion" to suppress the demand of the League in Pakistan. Blood riots broke out in Calcutta and spread to the countryside of Bengal, Bihar, Punjab and all over the country. In some places Hindus were the main sufferer, in other places Hindus.
4. Indian Independence Law: In February 1947, Lordll Mountbatten replaced Wavell as the winner. Mountbatten called for one last round of talks, but when these too proved to be unsettled, he announced that British India would be released, but a split of power was confirmed on August 15.
Explain the system of land grants and trade c. 600 BC – 600 BC
Explain four sources for reconstructing the history of Mauryas. Study the Maury administration system. [4 + 4 = 8] Answer:
(i) Grants system (C. 600 BC CE 600):
- Grants were recorded in the writings of the early centuries of the common era. Some of these writings were found in stones, but most of them in copper plates.
- Grants were given to religious institutions or Brahmanas. Brahmanas were given agrahara grants.
- Women were not supposed to have independent access to resources such as land. However, the scripture clearly shows that Prabhavat had access to the land.
- Some scholars argue that land grants showed a decline in political power as kings lost control of Samantas. The rulers wanted to act as supermen by granting land.
(ii) Trading System:
- Land and river routers crossed. The subcontinent and its expansion in different directions in the 6th century BC Domestic and domestic trade existed.
- These routes were followed by foot travelers. The merchants traveled with ox carts and packing animal caravans.
- There were also sailors. There, the companies were full of risks, but very profitable. The merchants in Tamil called masattuwan and the goods of Seth and Satthava in Praknit were very rich.
- There was a wide variety of goods that were transported from place to place, such as salt, stone, wood, spices and pepper, medicinal herbs. etc. All these items were transported across the Arabain Sea to the Mediterranean.
The four sources for reconstructing the history of Mauryas are:
- valuable contemporary works, such as the Megasthenes Report
- . ] Arthashastra, parts of which are probably composed of Kautilya.
- Ashoka's writings on rocks and columns are the most valuable sources.
Mauryan administration: The empire had five major political centers – the capital Patliputra and the provinces. Centers of Taxila, Ujjayin, Tosal and Suvarnagir, all mentioned in the Ashokan writings. The territories of the Empire were far too diverse. Imagine an agreement between Afghanistan's hilly terrain and the Odisha coast. It is likely that administrative controls were strongest around the capital and provincial centers. These centers were carefully selected, both Taxila and Ujjayini are located on important long-distance trade routes, while Suvarnagiri was potentially important by exploiting the gold mines of Karnataka. Ashokan Dhamma spread respect for the elders, generosity to the Brahmanas and those who gave up verbal life, treating slaves and servants kindly, respecting religions and traditions other than their own.
Part D –
Please read the following carefully and answer the following questions:
A Tiger-Like Husband
This is a summary of the story of Mahabharatan Adi Parvan:
The Pandavas were fleeing. They were tired and fell asleep; only Bhima, another Pandava known for his skill, was observing. Man-eating Rakshasa grabbed the scent of the Pandavas and sent his sister Hidimba to capture them. She fell in love with Bhima, turned herself into a lovely virgin and proposed to her. He refused. At the same time, Rakshasa arrived and challenged Bhima to a wrestling match. Bhima accepted the challenge and killed him. The others woke up after hearing the noise. Hidimba introduced himself and declared his love for Bhimaa. He told the Municipalities; "I’ve forsaken my associates, my family members and dharmani; and good woman, you selected your son like a tiger … whether or not you have been a idiot or a dedicated servant, let me be a part of you, sensible woman, with my son and my husband. "
Yudhisthira eventually agreed to the marriage on the condition that they spend the day together, but that Bhima would return every night. The couple wandered around the world during the day. In due course Hidimba gave birth to a Rakshasa boy named Ghatotkachha. Then the mother and son left Pandav. Ghatotkachha promised to return to the Pandavas whenever they needed him.
Some historians suggest that the term rakshasa is used to describe people whose practices differed in defining Brahmanical texts.
(14.1) How did Adi's story get the picture? Parvan has a
important role in shaping the values and ethics of society? [2)
(14.2) How was this story a unique example of
exams?  (14.3) How did Hidimba and Yudhishthira interpret dharma in their context?  Answer:
(14.1) This Adi Parvan story reinforced the moral and social values imposed by Brahmanas. The story shows the integration of non-Varna communities into the Varna order.
(14.2) Exams refer to marriage outside the unit. Hidimba was away from Bheem's Gotra. So their marriage is an example of exogamy.
(14.3) Hidimba fell in love with Bhimaa and turned herself into a lovely virgin and proposed to her. He left his dharma to a relative Bheem. It was the definition of love for Hidimba and his dharma. Yudhishthira consented to their marriage on the condition that he was an avid follower of dharma, but to defend Hidimba's dignity, marriage and love, but he promised their marriage on the condition.
Read the following passage and answer the following questions carefully:
The Accessible Emperor
Messerrate, who was a member of the first Jesuit mission, recounts his experience: "It is troublesome to magnify how straightforward he (Akbar) is achieved for himself, for anyone who needs an audience about him, because he creates virtually each day the opportunity for an atypical individual or nobleman to see and speak to him, and he strives to seem himself pleasantly talked about and type and never critical about anybody who comes to speak to him. , How a lot affect does this courtesy and friendship have on his attachment to the themes of his topics.
(15.1) Who have been the Jesuits? How did they set up their community in India?  (15.2) How did Monserrate give his experience of Akbar? Akbar's courtesy brought the efficiency  Reply:
(15.1) The Jesuits have been missionaries of the Church of Jesus. They arrived in India within the 15th and 16th centuries and have been part of trade and empire building.
(15.2) Monserrate, who was a member of the primary Jesuit mission, explains how Akbar makes himself obtainable to anybody he needs. audience about him. Because he creates a chance for atypical individuals or nobles virtually day-after-day to see and speak to him.
(March 15) Akbar's characteristics introduced frequency to his topics, which included:
- tax rest that made him common with the general public.
- He was religiously very humble and secular.
- He was keen to satisfy the viewers and take heed to their voices.
Learn the following passage rigorously and reply the next questions:
Why Salt Satyagraha?
Why was salt a logo of an indication? That is what Mahatma Gandhi wrote: The amount of data that is acquired day by day exhibits how badly the salt tax has been designed. With a view to forestall using salt that has not paid the tax, which is usually up to four occasions its worth, the government is destroying salt that it can’t promote profitably.
Thus, it taxes the very important necessity of the nation; it prevents the general public from producing it and destroys what nature produces without effort. No adjective is robust sufficient to characterize this evil dog-ruler policy. From numerous sources, I hear tales of the destruction of the nation's property in all elements of India. On the Konkan coast, it’s stated to destroy tons of salt, even tons of salt. The identical story comes from Dand. Wherever it’s probably that folks dwelling in areas adjacent to such areas will export pure salt for private use, salt masters shall be sent for disposal solely. Thus helpful nationwide property is destroyed at nationwide expense and salt is taken into the mouth of the individuals.
The salt monopoly thus has a fourfold curse. It deprives individuals of a beneficial straightforward village business, is associated with the destruction of nature's wealth, the destruction itself means extra nationwide spending, and fourthly, to curb this madness, there’s a unprecedented tax of more than 1,000%. from hungry individuals. The tax has stayed so long because of public apathy. Now that the tax is sufficiently rooted, the tax needs to be paid. How soon it’s eliminated is dependent upon the power of the individuals. Collected Works of Mahatma Gandh (CWMG),
(16.1) Why did the British
introduce a salt monopoly to curse the Indians?  (16.2) How did Gandhiji illustrate his tactical wisdom
relating to the salt monopoly?  (16.3) Explain the significance of the problem of the Gandhiji Salt Check.  Reply:
(16.1) Because it deprives individuals of a beneficial straightforward village business, induced the destruction of the wealth of nature, it in itself means more nationwide spending and extra individuals's hunger.
(16.2) Gandhiji announced that he would lead a march to violate one among Britain's most popular legal guidelines, which gave the state a monopoly on the manufacturing and sale of salt. In all Indian households, salt was essential, however individuals have been forbidden to make salt even for house use, forcing them to purchase salt at discount prices. Gandhiji hoped to cause widespread dissatisfaction with the British regime.
(16.three) The Importance of the Challenge of the Gandhiji Salt Protest Consists of:
- March extensively coated the European and US press. This made Gandhiji widespread.
- It was the primary nationalism by which ladies participated in giant numbers.
- This salt march made individuals come together and made the British understand that their Borders would not final eternally.
Part – E
(17.1) Find and mark within the given Political Excessive Map of India the following entries: [1 × 2 = 2] (a) Rakhigarh
(b) Agra, Imperial Capital of Mughal
(17.2) On the same map of India three facilities related to India National motion is marked A, B and C Determine them and write their actual names on the strains around them. [1 × 3 = 3] Answer:
CBSE Previous Year Question Paper Grade 12 History 2016 Delhi Set – II  Word: Apart from the next questions, all the remaining questions are requested within the earlier group:
Half A –
Who was the REM Bike owner? Mention his work in archeology. [1 + 1 = 2] Answer:
R.E.M. Wheeler was mainly a British archaeologist. He was Director Common of Archeology of India from 1944-48. He did a number of excavation at Harappa. His most important contribution is using the scientific technique in archeology and Cartesian coordinate system.
Reveal two similarities between Kabir and the Guru Nanak Dev philosophy?  Answer:
Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev both believed in Nam-Simran's apply. Each opposed polytheism and idolatry.
The issues of archaeological interpretation are apparently most evident in makes an attempt to reconstruct the Harappan spiritual practices. Clear?  Answer:
The objects discovered within the excavation of Harappa look like Hindu gods and goddesses. Archaeologists used the term unknown to unknown, present up to now, to talk things to Hindu gods. Some examples are:
- ladies's terracotta collectible figurines with heavy-duty, decorative headgear.
- A stone statue of men sitting with one hand on their knees, like a priest king.
- Giant spa and altar altars have been found. Kalibangan and Lothal.
- Some animals depicted in seals, such because the unicorn – the one-horned animal, look like legendary, composite creatures.
- Some seaplanes level crosswise in a logical position surrounded by animals. by proto Shiva.
- Rudra in Rigveda not described in Pashupati or Yogi. This definition isn’t in line with Siva.
So these statutory our bodies were not males or ladies. Some researchers prompt that they have been probably shamans.
Half – C
“The village panchayat in the course of the Mughal / Period in a regulated rural society. "Explain the statement of
.  Answer:
- The village of Panchayat was the composition of the parents of the important people in the village. They had hereditary land.
- The Panchayas represented various caste and communities in the village but were dominated by Brahmanas and Kshatriyas.
- Menial-cum agriculture worker probably was not represented.
- Panchayat was led by a chief called muqaddam or mandal.
- The village elders unanimously decided on the master. Zamindar confirmed this.
- The chiefs held office for as long as they had no confidence in the village elders, failing
which they could dismiss.
- The chief's job was to "oversee the drawing up of village accounts,
assisted by an accountant or patwar.
- mandates typically abused their position by estimating their very own nations' revenue and shifting the burden from paying a smaller farmer." 19659005] This cash was used to pay for village income officials, group welfare actions for natural disasters comparable to floods, constructing or bundling or channel excavation, and so on.
- Panchayat made positive that caste boundaries between totally different communities in the village have been stored to stop caste crimes. -In India, all Marriages have been held within the presence of a mandate.
- The Panchayats also had the facility to impose fines and will impose harsh penalties, similar to expulsion from the group, thus forcing them to go away the village.
- Each caste or caste of the village had its personal Jati panchayat of appreciable power.  In the Rajasthan Jati, the panchayats took care of civil disputes, Marriage Marriages, and ritual choice in village actions over members of varied baptisms.
Word: Apart from the next questions, all remaining questions are requested within the earlier collection.  CBSE Previous Year Query Papers Category 12 History 2016 Delhi Collection – Part III
Who was Cunningham? Point out one source he has collected to know Harappa tradition.  Reply:
Cunningham was the first director basic of the Archeological Survey of India (ASI). Cunningham käytti Harappan-kulttuurin ymmärtämiseen maanosan alueella neljännen ja seitsemännen vuosisatojen välisenä aikana vierailleiden kiinalaisten buddhalaisten pyhiinvaeltajien jättämiä kirjoituksia ymmärtämään Harappanin kulttuuria.
Kysymys 2. -shari'a Sufi-perinteet.  Vastaus:
Shari'a on muslimiyhteisöä hallitseva laki. Sufi, antisharian perinteitä, kutsutaan Be-shariiksi, kun taas Sufi Vichar Pro-Sharian perinteitä kutsutaan Be-shariaiksi. Näiden kahden välillä on samansuuntaista, että molemmat liittyvät sufi-perinteisiin.
Miksi arkeologit ja historioitsijat pitävät Harappan-kirjoitusta arvoituksellisena? Selitä syyt.
Harappan-käsikirjoitus on arvoituksellinen käsikirja seuraavista syistä:
- Suurin osa kirjoituksista on lyhyitä ja pisin, joka sisältää noin 26 merkkiä.
- Nämä käsikirjoitukset eivät olleet aakkosellisia. because it has too many indicators (between 375 to 400).
- The script was written from proper to left as some seals show a wider spacing on the best and cramping on then left.
- Harappan seals have a line of writing in all probability containing the identify and title of the owner.
- The motif, usually an animal, conveyed a which means to those who couldn’t read.
- The writing has been discovered on variety of objects resembling seals, copper instruments, rims of jars, copper and terracotta tablets, jewellery and bone rods.