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Indian Physical Properties Category 9 Important Issues Geography Chapter 2

Physical Properties of India Category 9 Important Questions Geography of Social Science Chapter 2

Important Questions in Category 9 Geography of Social Sciences Chapter 2 Physical Properties of India

Indian Physical Properties Category 9 Important Questions Very Brief Answer Sort Questions [19659004] Query 1
What are the 2 most necessary causes of rock transition?
Reply:
Folding, Fault and Volcanic Exercise

Question 2.
Mention three varieties of disc actions.
Reply:

  • Convergent,
  • Divergent,
  • Rework.

Query three.
Identify all four elements liable for creating and modifying the current form of aid
Reply:

  • Weathering,
  • Erosio,
  • Deposition,
  • Geological Activities, comparable to earthquake, volcanic eruption, and so forth.

Question 4.
What is the Convergence Boundary?
Answer:
] It's the restrict that is casual

Question 5.
What is a modified border?
Answer:
It’s the restrict that’s created when two discs transfer horizontally from each other.
Answer:
It is the boundary that is shaped when two disks transfer.

Query 7.
Question 7.
What was Gondwanaland?
Answer:
It was an historic tremendous mouth situated within the southern hemisphere and containing trendy South America, Africa, Australia and Antarctica.

Question eight
Which Present Continents have been Part of
Reply:

  • South America,
  • Africa,
  • Australia,
  • Asia.

Query 9
What is Khadar?
Reply:

Query 10.
Identify some deposit features
Reply:

Query 11.
What is Distribution?
Answer:
Answer:
Their lower price was divided into numerous channels resulting from groundwater deposition. These channels are often known as distributors. For instance, Hoogly, Meghna is the distribution of the Gangan River.

Question 12.
What is meant by doab
Answer:
The land between two rivers is regionally generally known as doabina

. [Kysymys 13]
What’s Terai?
Reply:
It is a zone that’s moist and boggy subsequent to the Bhabar zone.

Query 14
What is Bhangar? HOTS
Answer:
The previous alluvium land of the northern plateau known as Bhangar

Query 15.
Identify the a part of the Himalayas situated between the Indus and the Satluj River.
Answer:
The Punjab Himalayas lies between Indus and Su & # 39; tluj. To the west, that is also referred to as Kashmir Himalaya and Himachal Himalaya.

Question 16.
Identify the Himalayan Steady Space, which consists of chic peaks.
Reply:
Himadri or Larger

Query 17.
Enter a mountainous space that borders the Northwest Central Highlands
Answer:
Aravalli Hills.

Question 18
How Long to the East
Answer:
2,400 km

Question 19
Which river marks the japanese border of the Himalayas?
Answer:
Brahmaputra. 19659005] Query 20.
The identify of the a part of the Himalayas situated between the Teesta-Dihang River.
Reply:
Assam Himalayas.

Question 21.
Which a part of the Himalayas lies within the Kalin and Satluj rivers? HOTS
Answer:
Kumaon's Himalayas

Question 22.
What’s an important and longest mountain range in Himachal Himalaya?
Reply:
Pir Panjal is the longest and

Question 23.
Identify the three parallel areas of the Himalayas and give their different names.
Reply:

  • The Himadri (Higher Himalayas),
  • Himachal (Lower Himalayas),

Query 24.
Why is the Himalayas referred to as to the young mountains?
Reply:
The Himalayas will not be very previous, they have just lately been born.

Query 25.
What is India's Highest Peak?
Answer:
Kanchenjunga (eight.598 m).

Question 26.
Query 26.

Reply:
The Himadri

Query 27.
What is the outermost area of the Himalayas?
Answer:
Shiwalik.

28.
What’s the world's highest peak?
Reply:
Everest (8848 m) in Nepal is the very best peak on the earth.

Query 29.
What is the highest peak of the Deccan prime degree?
Answer:
Mount Anaimud in Kerala

Question 30.
How the Northern Plain Is Divided by Differences in Aid
Reply:

  • Bhabhar,
  • ] Terai,
  • Bhangar,
  • Bhangar,
  • ] Khadar.

Query 31.
The identify of some hill stations in the Himachal region
Reply:
Mussoorie, Chakrata, Nainital, Ranikhet and Almora. 19659005] Query 32.
On what hill is the Narmada River rising?
Reply:
Amarkantak hills in Madhya Pradesh

Query 33.
During which state are the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills
Reply:
Meghalaya

Question 34.
Himalayan area between the Himalayas and Shiwaliks
Reply:
Himachal

Query 35.
Identify two famous valleys in Himachal Pradesh
Answer:
Kullu and Kangra.

Query 36.
What is North and
Answer:
North → Konkan Coast, South → Malabar Coast

Question 37.
What plateau is situated between Aravall and Vindhya? HOTS
Answer:
Malwan Plain

Question 38.
Rename Himalayan Important Routes From West to East
Answer:
Shipkila, Nathula and Bomdila.

Query 39.
What is Duns?
Answer:
These are the vast valleys between Himachal and Shiwalik.

Query 40.
What are Cash? Show an instance of pistols
Reply:
Duns include gravel and alluvial soil.

Query 41.
Specifically two hills forming PurvanchaT
Answer:
Patkai, Naga, Manipur and Mizo (all two)

Query 42.
Why northern plains are primarily agricultural belt?
Reply:
In the Northern Areas there is a thick soil composed of high-quality sludge or alluvium from the Himalayan rivers. This alluvial soil could be very fertile.

Question 43.
Identify of the Biggest Rivers of India
Reply:
Indus, Sutlej, Ganga, Yamuna, Kosi, Teesta and;

Query 44.
What’s the width of the northern plateau?
Reply:
Its width ranges from 240 to 320 kilometers.

Question 45.
In what identify is the coastal area often known as:
(i) Northern half
(ii) Southern part
Reply:
(i) Nortern part – Northern Circar.
(ii) Southern half – Coromandal Coast.

Query 46.
What is Barchan?
Answer:

Question 47.
Point out all two options of the Aravalli hills
Answer:

  • The Aravalli Mountains are ruined hills.
  • They prolong from Gujarat

Question 48
What’s the Native Identify of West Ghat:
(i) Maharashtra and Karnataka.
(ii) by Kerala-Tamil Nadu
(iii) Tamil Nadu.
Answer:
(i) Sahyadri,
(ii) Anaimalai and Cardamom Hills,
(iii) Nilgiri.

Question 49.
Potential Two West Time Tops
Reply:

  • Anaimudi (2,655 m),
  • Doda Betta (2 677 m).

Question 50.
What are the Peninsula Two
Answer:
Central Highlands and Deccan Plateau

Question 51.
What physical property means western and japanese edges on the Deccan plateau?
Reply:

Question 52
What kind of rainfall is from the western Ghat?
Answer:
Orographic rain

Query 53
Where
Reply:
in the Arabian Sea

Question 54.
Named the coral origin of an Indian group of islands.
Reply:
The Lakshadweep Islands.

Query 55.
What are coral polyps?
Answer:
Coral polyps are short-lived microscopic organisms that reside in colonies. 19659005] Question 56.
Where are the Andaman Islands?
Reply:
within the Gulf of Bengal

Physical Properties of India Category 9 Important Questions Brief Reply Sort Questions

Query 1.
Explain the idea of Plate Tectonics. HOTS
Answer:
In line with this concept, the earth's shell is composed of seven giant and small plates. The motion of these plates led to folding, failure and volcanic exercise. These are categorized into three classes:

  • Convergent Boundary: When disks come collectively, additionally referred to as folding motion
  • Divergent Boundary: When Disks Are Shifting, Additionally Referred to as Fail
  • Rework Boundary

Question 2
What's the distinction is a tributary and divisor?
Answer:
Defendant: A aspect river is a river that joins the primary river and increases the quantity of water. It is often found in the higher or center of the river. For instance, Yamuna is the primary group of the Gangan River.

Distribution: It’s this river that originates from the primary river. It’s shaped within the mouth of the river before it falls into the sea. It may be found on the backside of the river. For instance, Hooghly is the top of Ganga.

Query three.
Identify the three largest divisions of the Himalayas from north to south.
Answer:
North to the South are:

  • The northernmost area referred to as Himalayas or Inside Himalayas or Himadri. It is the most continuous space, which is made up of the most important tops. Its average peak is 6000 meters. It consists of all the key Himalayan peaks.
  • The world to the south of Himadri, generally known as Himachal or the Himalayas, is situated south of Himadr. It’s the most strong mountain system. The areas consist primarily of well-pressed and altered stones. Peak ranges from 3700 to 4500 meters and has a mean width of 50 km.
  • The outermost areas of the Himalayas are often known as Shiwal. Its peak varies between 900 and 1100 meters. This space consists of inorganic sediments, which rivers fall down from an important areas of the Himalayas. These are additionally referred to as at the root. They characterize the southernmost part of the Himalayas.

Question 4.
Rename the southernmost area of the Himalayas.
Answer:
The southernmost region of the Himalayas known as Shiwaliks.
Options:

  • The outermost area of the Himalayas known as the Himalayas or Shiwaliks.
  • Their width is 10-15 km.
  • Their peak varies between 900 and 1100 meters.
  • They are uninterrupted areas and include unconnected sediments, gravel and alluvium, which have fallen from the primary Himalayan areas of the river.
  • The longitudinal valleys, generally known as Duns, are situated between the Himalayas and Shiwaliks. eg Dehradun, Kote Dun, Path Dun. (all 4)

Query 5.
How does the Himadr area differ from the Himachal area? Point out All Three Variations
Answer:

Himadri Himachal (i) This area is the very best within the Himalayas, with a mean peak of 6000 meters. Himachal is just not as excessive as Himadri. Its average peak is between three,700 and 4,500 meters. (ii) This area accommodates the very best peaks. Example: Kanchenjunga and Nanda Devi This space incorporates hill stations. Instance: Shimla and Nainital. (iii) This space is all the time coated with snow. It's snow here in winter.

Query 6
Resigning between West Himalayas and East Himalayas
Reply:

S. West Himalayas East Himalayas
(i) These spread to Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh These have spread to West Bengal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh .
(ii) The Western Himalayas are very excessive. These are medium highs
(iii) Indus and Sutlej are the primary rivers that cross Brahmaputra is the primary river that runs by means of them and falls into the Bengal Gulf.
iv) The typical annual rainfall is less than 100 cm. 19659117] The typical annual rainfall is over 200 cm.
(v) Srinagar, Shimla, Manali are well-known hills in the western Himalayas. Darjeeling and Shillong are well-known hills.

Question 7.
Write about the primary features of Shiwalis. 9459008]

  • It's the Himalayan Outermost Region
  • The typical peak of the Shiwalik area ranges from 900 m to 1100 m above sea degree and reaches about 10-50 km broad.
  • This product vary consists of non-condensable materials, corresponding to mud, slurry and tender stone, and is vulnerable to earthquakes and landslides.
  • Some slender valleys could be discovered between Shiwalis and Himachal. They’re referred to as "duns". For instance, Dehradun is situated in a single such valley.

Question eight
How did the Northern Plains come to mild? Write two factors briefly. Additionally point out these plains:
Answer:
(i) The northern plateaus are shaped by the interplay of the three largest river techniques, specifically Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra
. ii) The northern degree consists of the alluvial land produced by these rivers
Options:

  • These plains are very fertile
  • These are densely polished.

Question 9
Plains agriculturally productive elements from India? Clear.
Answer:

  • The descent of the Alluvium in a big pool situated on the foot of the Himalayas for hundreds of thousands of years shaped this fertile plateau. It spreads within 7 km of sQuestion
  • The plateau is about 2400 km. lengthy and 240 – 320 km. Extensive, densely populated physiographic division
  • Wealthy soil and adequate water supply as well as favorable climate are agriculturally very productive part of India.

Query 10
Which three forms of river system on the northern plains of India? Mention the primary options
Answer:
The northern plateau is shaped by the interplay of three main river techniques – Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra.
Features:

  • The Indus River and its tributary type the northern western half referred to as the Punjab Plains. Most of this plateau is situated in Pakistan.
  • The Ganga plateau extends between Ghaggar and the River Teesta. It spreads to northern Indian states; Haryana, Delhi, U.P., Bihar, partly Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • The Brahmaputra plateau is particularly situated in Assam.

Question 11.
Report three differences between Himadri and Shiwalik.
Reply:

Himadri Range The Shiwalik Area
) It is the innermost or northernmost region of the Himalayas The outermost region of the Himalayas.
(ii) Its common peak is 6000 meters. Shiwiki area Its peak varies between 900 and 1100 meters.
(iii) The core of this a part of the Himalayas consists of granite. These areas include inorganic sediments which have fallen sharply within the river.

Query 12.
What is Delta?
Reply:
The triangular deposition of sediments on the mouth of the river is called the delta neighbor

  • Ganga-Brahmaputra Delta.
  • Mahanadi-delta
  • The Godavari Delta.
  • Krishna-delta
  • Kaveri delta

Query 13
What are the Purvanchal hills? Mention the two qualities of these hills
Reply:
The mountains on the japanese border of India are referred to as Purvanchal. There are medium heights. A number of the most necessary mountains in Purvanchal are:

  • The Bum and Naga mountains within the north.
  • Mizo Mountains within the South
  • Jainth, Khasi and Garo Hills from East to West.

Features:

  • They include sandstone and sediments
  • They’re coated with dense forests
  • They include the hills of Patkoi, the hills of Manipur, and so on. (Two)

[]
Answer:

] Central Highlands Deccan Plateau (i) Central Highlands to the West Wider, but narrower Deccan plateau has triangular mass (ii) The exhausting rivers of this space are Chambal, Sind, Betwa and Ken . Tapi, Krishna, Godavari and Kaveri. (iii) The hills on this area are Vindhya The hills on this area are Mahadev, Kaimur and Maikal.

Question 15.
Present an evidence of the Deccan plateau.
Reply:
Monetary Statements from the Deccan of India:

  • It is a triangular land situated south of the River Narmada. The Satapura space extends to a wide bottom north when Mahadev types its japanese extensions.
  • The Deccan plateau is greater in the west and on the slopes eastward
  • Plateau width can also be within the northeast. It is recognized regionally as Meghalaya, Karbi Anglong Plateau and North Cachar Hills.
  • It is separated from the Chhotanagpur plateau. The three outstanding hills in the west to the east are Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills. Western Ghats and East Ghats symbolize the western and japanese edges of the Deccan plateau. The West Ghats are along the west coast and japanese Ghat, alongside the east coast.

Query 16.
Examine the primary features of the West Coast and East Coast plateau.
Reply:

Japanese Coastal Area i) The plateau is situated between the West Ghat and the Arabian coast. The plateau is situated between the japanese Ghat and the Bengal Gulf coast. 19659149] (ii) It is a slender degree with a mean width of about 64 km. It’s a comparatively broader degree with a mean width of about 80-100 km. (iii) There are a number of lagoons, especially Only a few lagoons iv) Kandla, Mumbai, Marmagao, Cochin are the primary ports Tuticor, Chennai, Paradeep, Vishakha-patnam are the most important ports on the east coast (v) No Great Delta Is Created Giant Delta Formations

Query 17.
Identify 4 major states which are a part of the East Coast plateau. Mention these two elements of coastal areas
Answer:
The plains prolong from the state of Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in northern India. Different nations are Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. The three foremost divisions that may be divided into japanese plains are Utkal Plains, Tamil Nadu Plains and Andhra Plains.
(i) Utkal Plains: This is the coastal space of ​​the state of Odisha, consisting of Mahanadi Delta. The famous function of the world is Lake Chilka, situated south of Mahanadi Delta

(ii) Tamil Nadu Plains: The plains prolong from Lake Pulicat to Kanyakumar. An important function of the world is the Kaveri Delta, whose fertile soil and irrigation crops make it a seed in South India.

(iii) Andhra Plains: The plains prolong from Utkal Plains north to Lake Pulicat. South. The delta formation of a pal and Godavar rivers is a vital function of the area.

Query 18.
Describe the three options of the coastal regions of India
Reply:

  • The Peninsular plateau is bordered by slender coastal strips that run west of the Arabian Sea and east of Bengal Bay.
  • The west coast, situated between the western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, is a slender plateau. It consists of three elements. The northern a part of the coast known as Konkan (Mumbai-Goa), the central shore is known as Kannad Plain, whereas the southern boat is known as the Malabar Coast.
  • The plains of the Bengal Bay are large and flat
  • In the northern half it is referred to as North Gircar, whereas the southern half is called the Coromandel coast
  • Giant rivers reminiscent of Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri have shaped a large delta on this coast. Lake Chilka is a vital function on the east coast

Query 19
Identify two teams of islands in India's possession.
Answer:

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands: This island group consists of small coral islands
  • Lakshadweep Islands: These are bigger and more and scattered.
    Answer:

    • Corals are small, unsettled sea creatures with a calcareous sandy skeleton.
    • These flourish in warm shallow water and grow into giant colonies referred to as coral reefs
    • They secrete a tough bedrock.
    • They’re primarily three differing types: reef, reef and strip.
    • Australia and Lakshadweep Islands are a very good instance of the first species of coral reefs

    Query 21.
    Explain the formation of the peninsula plateau. Write all 4 totally different attributes.
    Answer:
    The Peninsular Plateau was shaped because of the breakage and drift of the Gondwana land.

    • It has vast and shallow hills, valleys and rounded hills.
    • It consists of two giant compartments, specifically the Central Highland and the Deccan plateau. 19659007] It has black soil, referred to as "Deccan Trap", which is of volcanic origin.
    • The river circulate is west.

    Indian Physical Properties Category 9 Important Questions Lengthy Answer to Sort Questions

    ] “The Indian Country Shows Big Physical Variations”. Justify this argument with five examples. HOTS
    Reply:
    The physical variations of the Indian country are:

    • Geographically, the peninsula is among the earth's surface.
    • The Himalayan and Northern Plains are the Last Earth Formations
    • From the Yiew of Geology, the Himalayan Mountains type an unstable zone.
    • The Himalayan mountain system represents a really youthful topography with high peaks, deep valleys and fast-flowing rivers.
    • The northern plains are made up of lattice rays.
    • The Peninsular Plateau consists of so-called. extensive valleys, (all 5)

    Question 2.
    “Every Indian physiological area complements one another and makes the country richer from its natural resources.” Justify this assertion with 5 examples.
    or
    "The Different Physical Properties of India are Huge in Value"
    Clarify the assertion by giving applicable examples.
    Reply:
    The importance of India's numerous physical characteristics is as follows:

    • Northern
    • The northern plateaus are cultivated areas of the nation.
    • The plateau is a mineral retailer that has performed a key position within the nation's industrialization.
    • Coastal areas and island groups present fishing and harbor areas
    • .

    Query 3.
    Explain the three varieties of disks and write the consequences of disk actions
    Answer:
    Disk actions are categorized into three varieties:

    • Some discs come in the direction of one another and type converging boundaries.
    • Some disks move and type totally different boundaries.
    • Sometimes, they will also move horizontally to travel apart and type a change restrict. 19659009] When two disks come collectively, they are often known as convergence plates. They are also referred to as constructive plates. When two discs transfer far aside, they are referred to as totally different disks. When the 2 discs come in the direction of each other, they collide or escape, they’re often known as a transformer. Shifting the disks causes volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, mountain formation, and so on.

      Question 4
      The difference between Bhabhar and Terai.
      Reply:

      Bhabhar Terai The belt is from the Bhabhar space to the south (ii) The width varies between 8 and 16 km. It’s virtually parallel to Bhabhar . (iii) The world could be very tough in nature resulting from many pebbles and "canoes" There are very fantastic sediments within the space because of the deposition brought on by a number of currents. (iv) Vegetation may be found right here Very dense vegetation may be discovered in the Terai space (v) An important function is that the river disappears within the Bhabhar area as a result of it has giant pores As a result of the river returns back right here [19659107] Query 19
      Describe all five options of Northern Plai
      Answer:
      The features of the northern plateau of India are:
      i) The northern plains are shaped by alluvium deposited by mountain rivers
      (ii) They are situated between the northern Himalayan rivers and the southern peninsula
      (iii) They fertilized the soil to the soil in order to increase the yield of the varied crops. This led to the event of the civilization of the Indus Valley.
      (iv) They include alluvium deposits masking the world of ​​7 lakh sQuestion km
      . (V) They are India's densely populated physiological division
      (vi) The northern Indian plains have in the West the Indus river system and the japanese Ganga, the Brahmaputra river system.
      (vii) The primary consists of Jhelum, Chenab, Rabi, Beas. Indus flows into the Arabian Sea
      The second incorporates Ganga-Brahmaputra, which connects to Meghna at the time it flows into the Bengal Bay. They’re the world's largest and quickest growing Delta.
      Based mostly on the separation, they’re divided into 4 elements – Bhabhar, Terai, Bhangar and Khadar.
      (viii) The Northern Plain is split into three elements – the Punjab plain, the Gangan plateau and the Brahmaputra. The Ganga Plain has versatile aid options. It has 4 belts:

      • Bhabhar is an 8 – 16 km extensive stone, the place the stream disappears.
      • Terai is a moist, boggy, boggy space with thick forests and wildlife.
      • Bhangar is a steel-like function made from previous alluvium.
      • Khadar is a flood space that was renewed in all places and could be very fertile.

      Query 6.
      What’s India's Oldest Country? Identify its two junction divisions and clarify each of the three attributes.
      Reply:
      The Nice Peninsula plateau is situated south of the massive plains and is the oldest mass in India. It has a triangular form. The River

    The Central Highlands:

    • The River

    The river

The river

The river

The Central Highlands:

  • It is made from arduous igneous and metamorphic rocks.
  • Chambal, Sind and Betwa are three main rivers which circulate by way of the Central Highlands.
  • It’s the Malwa Plateau, the plateau of the Bundelkhand and the Chhota Nagpur Plateau.
  • The Deccan Plateau:

    • The Deccan Plateau:

      • The Deccan Plateau:

      The Deccan Plateau:

    The Deccan Plateau:

The Deccan Plateau:

  • It is the largest unit of the Peninsular Plateau of India
  • Satpura range, Mahadev hills, Maikal vary covers northern edge
  • It’s the oldest block made up of igneous and meta Morphic rocks.
  • The Vindhyan vary is bounded by the Central Highland on the south and the Aravallis on the Northwest.
  • The movement of the Rivers draining this region, specifically Chambal, the Sind, the Betwa and Ken is from Southwest to Northeast, thus indicating the slope.

    The Previous Highlands are the West however Narrower within the East.

Query eight.
Descriptions of the Western Ghats and Japanese Ghats in reference to peak, slope, continuity, Rivers and vegetation
Answer:

Options Western Ghats
(i) Peak Their peak is 900 to 1,100 m The very best Peak of this region is from Anaimudi with a peak of 2,659 km. It Ranges from 600 to 900. Mahendragiri is the very best Peak in Japanese Ghats
(ii) Slope They’ve a mild slope.
](iii) Continuity They’re continous and could be crossed by way of passes only. They’re irregular and discontinous and dissected by the rivers.
(iv) Rivers They lie parallel to Western Coast and are supply for some rivers. They stretch from Mahanadi valley to Niligiris in South. The rivers stream via simply.
(v) Vegetation Western Ghats have tropical evergreen forests. They’re evergreen to deciduous forests. Japanese Ghats have scrub vegetation as a result of overgrazing and deforestation.

Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science