Manufacturing Industry Category 10 Notes Geographic Scope of Social Science Chapter 6 SST Pdf free download is a part of the Class 10 Social Science notes for fast assessment. Here we’ve given Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Notes
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Manufacturing Industry Category 10 Notes Social Geography Chapter 6  Manufacturing.
The manufacturing of huge quantities of goods after processing from uncooked supplies to extra worthwhile products known as manufacturing.
Importance of producing business in India:
- It contributes to the modernization of agriculture, reduces the high dependence on agricultural revenue by offering jobs in non-agricultural products.
- Industries help create jobs and generate extra revenue
- Exports of commercial products are increasing to buying and selling and bringing foreign money.
- Industrial improvement brings prosperity to the country
Indian business has elevated agriculture by growing its productivity. Industries are depending on agriculture for his or her raw supplies, similar to cotton, within the textile business. The industries provide farmers with many agricultural inputs reminiscent of Irrigation Pumps, Fertilizers, Pesticides, PVC Pipes, Machines and Tools. The development of different modes of transport in the business has not only helped farmers to get input into agriculture, but has also helped them to sell their merchandise.
Elements Affecting Industrial Location
- Raw Materials. Low cost and ample availability of uncooked materials
- Labor. Availability of low cost labor is important on account of low production costs.
- Power. Low cost and continuous drives are very vital
- Banking and Insurance coverage Opportunities, Good Governance Coverage
5 Foundation for Classification of Industries
- Raw Supplies Used – Agricultural Based mostly and Mineral Based mostly
- Their Principal Position – Primary and Shopper
- Based mostly on Venture Capital – Small and Giant Industries
- Ownership – Public Sector, Personal Sector, Cooperative, Widespread Sector
- Based mostly on bulk and weight of raw materials and completed products – Heavy Industry, Mild
In case your funding is multiple crore rupee anyplace business, it’s thought-about a large-scale business. For example, the iron and metal business, the cement business.
If the investment is less than one crore, it’s thought-about a small business.
Agricultural Production Areas:
They procure agricultural merchandise as their uncooked material. Instance: Textiles – cotton, jute, silk and wool. Rubber, sugar, coffee, tea and edible oil, and so forth.
They supply their uncooked supplies from minerals. Instance: Iron and Metal, Cement, Machine Instruments, Petrochemicals, and so on.
Four totally different ownership-based industries are:
- Public Sector Industries: Ownership and Administration of Government Businesses, eg BHEL, SAIL, and so forth.
- by individuals or personal individuals similar to TTSCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd., Dabur Industries.
- The joint sector is jointly managed by the general public (public) and the personal sector. (people), comparable to Oil India Ltd.
- Cooperative industries embrace uncooked materials producers or suppliers, staff or each. They mix assets and share income or losses proportionally, eg in the Maharashtra sugar business and the Kerdla coconut business
The textile business has a singular position within the Indian financial system because of its vital contribution to industrial manufacturing (14%). It employs the most important number of individuals after agriculture, or 35 million individuals immediately. Its share of trade fee positive aspects is critical at round 24.6%. It’s 4% of GDP and is the only business within the business that is self-sufficient and complete in the worth chain.
Focus / Location of Cotton Textile Industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat:
- Availability of Uncooked Materials
- The damp climate of those coastal states additionally helped to develop the cotton textile business, because weaving the Kanga requires damp area, otherwise yam breaks.
- Properly-developed transportation system and obtainable port amenities in Maharashtra and Gujarat
- Market proximity to cotton clothes is right for sporting in these heat and humid nations
The issues of cotton textile business:
Power provide is uncommon in our country. Machines must be improved especially within the weaving and processing industries. Low production of labor. We nonetheless need cotton imports, even if cotton manufacturing in the country has grown.
Elements chargeable for the focus of the jewish business on Hoogly's banks:
- Proximity to Jooga Areas in the Hoogly Pool
- Reasonably priced Water Transportation on the Hoogly River
- It’s nicely related to a great community of railways, waterways and networks
- Availability of low cost labor from West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh
- Kolkata as a harbor and a big city middle presents banking, insurance coverage and port amenities
Reasons for putting sugar mills near the fields:
- Raw materials used , sugar cane is ample and perishable.
- is transported over lengthy distances as a result of its sucrose content dries shortly, so it must be handled inside 24 hours of harvesting.
The sugar business moves to the southern and western nations as a result of – the sugar produced right here has a better sucrose content material, favorable local weather circumstances (cooler climate) assure an extended rising and crushing season. Cooperatives are successful in these nations. The sugar business is seasonal, so it is suitable for the cooperative business.
Iron and Steel:
It is a primary or key and heavy business.
The iron and steel business is concentrated on and across the Chhotanagpur Plateau as a result of
- Availability of low cost labor,
- Excessive progress potential of domestic market
- An efficient transport network for his or her distribution;
- Availability of power due to the various thermal and hydroelectric energy stations in this space
- Liberalization and FDI
It’s a mild metallic; immune to corrosion; good thermal conductor;
Use of Aluminum:
- It’s used for the manufacture of plane,
- It is used for the manufacture of containers and packaging materials
- It has gained reputation as an alternative to metal, copper, zinc and lead in lots of industries
It produces a wide range of merchandise from transistors to televisions and computer systems. the plenty. It has helped us set up telephone centers, telephones, cellular communications, radios and lots of other units with purposes in area know-how, aviation, protection, meteorological departments, and so forth. It has created jobs for numerous individuals. This business has been a serious foreign money swap because its enterprise process outsourcing (BPO) has grown rapidly. India is likely one of the leading software improvement nations. We now have 18 software program know-how parks that provide software program professionals with excessive knowledge switch.
Industrial pollution and its varieties:
- Air air pollution. Smoke is emitted by chemical and paper mills, brick ovens, refineries and smelters, as well as the burning of fossil fuels in factories that ignore air pollution standards. The airborne particulate supplies include both strong and liquid particles akin to mud, sprays, mist and smoke.
- Water air pollution. The most important water impurities are dyes, detergents, acids and salts. Heavy metals resembling lead and mercury, pesticides and fertilizers, in addition to artificial chemical compounds with coal, plastic and rubber and so on., that are discharged into waterways, pollute these water our bodies.
- The noise emission. Turbines, compressors, machines, ovens, looms, exhaust followers, and so on. utilized by business. Noise can improve blood strain and may have physiological effects.
- Land contamination. Land and water air pollution are intently related. Landfilling of commercial waste, particularly glass, harmful chemical compounds, industrial waste, packaging, salts and particles
- Thermal pollution. Waste from nuclear energy crops, nuclear and weapons manufacturing crops carries most cancers and congenital injury
Air air pollution control measures:
- Without particle emissions could be lowered by putting in chimneys at factories with material filters, electrostatic precipitators, and so forth.
- Units for controlling aerosol emissions can be utilized in business, for instance, in electrostatic precipitators, washers and inertial separators
- Smoke may be lowered through the use of oil or fuel as an alternative of coal from factories
- Decreasing using wastewater by reuse and recycling
- Accumulating rainwater for industrial and different domestic water use
- Scorching water and wastewater remedy prior to launch They are used within the following ways: Main remedy by mechanical means similar to screening, grinding, flocculation and sediment entaatio. Secondary remedy with organic course of. Tertiary remedy by biological, chemical and physical methods. This applies to wastewater recycling
An lively strategy to the preservation of the pure surroundings and natural assets
- authorised by the Nationwide Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC). Water Recycling System and Liquid Waste Administration
- Ecological Monitoring, Assessment and On-line Info
Measures to attenuate environmental air pollution brought on by industrial improvement:
- Minimizing using water for remedy by reuse and recycling in two or extra successive levels. Amassing rainwater for family and industrial use
- Remedy of scorching water and wastewater earlier than being discharged into rivers and ponds
- Particles within the air could be lowered by putting in smoke in crops with electrostatic filters, material filters, washers and inertial separators.
- Machines and gear may be outfitted with silencers to stop noise
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