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NCERT Solutions to Grade 11 Political Science Chapter 3 Elections and Representation

NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political Faculty Chapter 3 Elections and Representation 1


NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Elections and Representation

Grade 11 Political Science Chapter 3 NCERT Textbook Questions Resolved

Question 1.
Which of the next resembles direct democracy?
(a) Discussions at household meeting
(b) Choice of class supervisor
(c) Choice of candidate for political celebration
(d) Selections made by Gram Sabha.
e) Media Polls
d) Selections of Gram Sabha

Question 2.
Which of the following shouldn’t be executed by the Election Commission
(a) Election record.
(b) Nomination of candidates
(c) Establishment of Polling Facilities.
(id) Implementing the Mannequin Code of Conduct.
e) Panchayat Election Control
e) Panchayat Election Management

Question 3
] Which of the following is widespread to the tactic of selecting members of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha?
(a) Every citizen over the age of 18 shall be an eligible voter.
(b) Elector might give priority
(c) Each vote shall have the identical worth
(d) The winner shall receive more than half of the votes.
(a) Each citizen who is over

Question 4.
First past the mail system, the candidate has been declared the winner, which:
(a) secures the most important number of mailboxes.
(b) Belongs to the celebration with probably the most votes in the country.
c) It has extra votes than another constituency candidate
(d) Features the primary position by securing more than 50% of the votes.
c) It has extra votes than another constituency candidate.

Query 5.
What’s the difference between constituencies and the system of separate voters? Why was the latter rejected by the constitutional authorities?
There’s numerous distinction between the electoral reservation system and the separate voter system:
The separate electoral system:

  • India
  • The British began this technique to distribute votes among Sikhs, Muslims and some.
  • These teams elected their representatives by separate vote
  • In a separate electoral system, candidates are elected

Constituency Reservation System

  • All voters are eligible to vote
  • The candidate must belong to a selected seat. The
  • Structure supplies for seats to be reserved in Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Committees. The latter was rejected by constitutional decision-makers because they have been conscious that the system of separate voters destroyed the spirit of nationwide integration.

Query 6
Which of the next statements are incorrect? Determine and fix them by replacing, including or organizing just one phrase or phrase.
(a) The FPTP system shall be adopted in all elections in India.
(b) PanChayat and municipal elections usually are not supervised by Election Commission.
(c) The President of India might not take away a member of the Election Fee
(d) The appointment of multiple Electoral Fee shall be compulsory.
(a) This is incorrect, the right statement is compliance with the FPTP system in all Indian elections besides the Presidential, Vice-President and Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Parishad elections
(b) That is the right statement
(c) That is inaccurate because the President might remove the Election Committee.
(d) This is also incorrect. The right statement is the appointment of multiple electoral committee is just not obligatory

Query 7.
The Indian electoral system seeks to ensure the illustration of the socially deprived. Nevertheless, we nonetheless have 10% female members of our legislature. What measures do you plan to improve the state of affairs?
The Structure of India supplies for the reservation of SC and ST in our legislation. However there isn’t a comparable provision for deprived teams. As a result of a constitutional amendment that ought to not only be a proposal, but in addition ladies must be given extra reservations

Question 8
Following are a few of the needs expressed on the conference to talk about a brand new nation for the Structure. Allow us to write for every of those questions whether or not the FPTP or relative illustration system is more suitable to fulfill all these wishes.
(a) Individuals clearly know who their consultant is in order that they will maintain him personally accountable.
b) We’ve got small linguistic minorities which have spread throughout the country;
(c) There ought to be no differences between the votes and positions of the varied events.
d) Individuals should have the ability to choose a great candidate even if they don't like him / her
(a) FPTP
(b) Relative illustration
(c) Relative representation
(d) FPTP

Query 9
Former Election High Commissioner joined a political social gathering and appealed. There are several views on this problem. One view is that the previous Electoral Commission is an unbiased citizen and has the appropriate to be a part of any political celebration and to contest the election. The second view is that leaving this risk open might affect the impartiality of the Electoral Fee. Subsequently, former electoral commissions should not contest the elections.
The Election Commission of India is a constitutional unbiased physique charged with conducting elections for the European Parliament, the State Legislative Assembly, the President and the Vice-President in accordance with Rule 324. ) Structure of India. The Electoral Fee is an impartial agency that conducts free and truthful elections in the country. Consequently, a member of an electoral committee must not be denied all elections, as this will have an effect on the impartiality of the Commission.

Question 10.
"Indian democracy is now ready to move from a raw First Past postal system to a system of relative representation." Do you agree with this assertion? Give the reasons for this argument
Sure, I agree with the statement for the next causes:

  • India enjoys a multi-party system, which includes regional events, and thus provides shape to all of the political parties, the proportional system is a lot better.
  • Decentralization reinforces a way of duty, together with national unity and honesty.
  • Representative democracy makes democracy simpler and dependable.
  • The electoral system has enabled voters to change governments peacefully, each at state and nationwide degree
  • Voters have an ongoing interest in the electoral process.

Grade 11 political science Chapter 3 NCERT additional questions solved

Grade 11 political science chapter 3 NCERT Very brief answer sort questions

Query 1

Democracy is a nation the individuals and the individuals's government.

Question 2.
What is supposed by direct democracy
? Reply:
In direct democracy, residents are instantly concerned in day-to-day decision-making and authorities activities. Instance – Greece

Query 3.
What do you mean by Universal Grownup Franchise?
All grownup citizens who have matured above age have the best to vote with out discrimination

Query four.
What do the FPTP and PR symbolize?
FPTP: first mail system
PR: relative illustration.

[Kysymys 5]
Point out of amendment to the 1989 amendment on India.
It lowered Universal Grownup Franchise's eligibility age from 21 to 18.

Question 6
What do you mean by the electoral system?
The electoral system is an instrument that selects representatives, particularly in an indirect democracy, to type a authorities. Individuals choose representatives to act according to the needs of the individuals.

Query 7.
What is electoral conduct?
By way of elections, individuals take part within the electoral process and determine who keeps the facility. Thus, elections are visible public curiosity expressions decided by the individual's own reasons and perceptions and as a part of the group. Election conduct is dependent upon each short-term and long-term results.

Question eight
What’s the direct election technique
The direct election technique:

  • The voter participates within the election
  • The voter casts his or her selection.
  • The key poll technique is used
  • Elected representatives rule the federal government of the country

Question 9

Question 9

Within the indirect electoral process:

  • Voters usually are not instantly elected.
  • Voters choose mediators recognized collectively as the Electoral Faculty.

Query 10.
What do you understand a few easy majority system?
A easy majority in the majority system declares the elected candidate to improve votes more than others. This technique does not require an absolute majority. In this system, in polygonal competitions, even less than 50% of the votes are selected.

Question 11.
What is a political minority?
The political minority refers to the opposition get together. After the elections, the bulk celebration, which varieties the federal government, and different non-majority events, grow to be opposition parties and are referred to as the political minority, which has the fitting to resort to political majority political strategies.

Query 12
Flaws within the Simple Majority System of Elections
A easy majority system in an election declares a candidate a winner even when an absolute majority isn’t obtained or if over 50% of voters disagree

Outline a Secret Voting System
A secret voting system refers to a secret poll when everybody chooses their candidate in secret and doesn’t disclose their selection

Question 14
What are the mid-term elections?
The midterm elections refer to elections that shall be held before the top of 2000. The time period of workplace of the Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly for any cause or if the Lok Sabha or the State Legislative Assembly terminates the President or Governor earlier than the terms of the Lok Sabha or Legislative Meeting expire.

Query 15 [19459007
Elections refer to elections which might be organized to create sudden causes that make the seat vacant, i.e. resignation or sudden demise of a member, and so on.

Query 16.

Grownup Franchise is essential in democracy ”.
Common Adult Franchise is necessary in democracy for the following reasons:

  • Every grownup enjoys the suitable to vote without any discrimination
  • Lunatics, bankrupts solely
  • Grownup maturity varies by country, 21 years in america and 23 years in Norway and so on.
  • All individuals are handled
  • This provides residents political schooling and vanity

Question 17.
What is political participation?

  • Election of Representatives or Election
  • Member of Management Staff
  • Elected to State Workplace
  • Regular improve in voter turnout regardless of sure actions

Question 18
Electoral Freedom is a doc that lets voters know concerning the packages, policies, and objectives of a political social gathering that have to be declared on the eve of the election:

  • It clarifies EU inner and exterior policies.
  • Individuals discovered of a political social gathering's victory.
  • Individuals can even put strain on the profitable aspect or the federal government to work for the manifest.

Query 18
What do you mean

  • Giant multi-member constituencies are shaped
  • Many members / representatives are elected from each constituency.
  • Each political social gathering submits an inventory of as many candidates as are elected in a political constituency
  • Voters vote on an inventory that is indivisible.
  • Each candidate must assure the minimum rights established in the quota by dividing the entire number of votes by the events
  • The identical number of candidates listed on the highest social gathering listing is said profitable.

Query 19.
How does India ensure secret voting?
The secret ballot is

  • The voter is given a secret ballot in the polling place
  • The voter behind the veil casts his or her selection to the candidate.
  • Now-a-
  • The voter presses a key towards the selected candidate with the symbols assigned to them
  • . the other will know who the voter has voted for.
  • Even the candidate does not know who voted for him or not.

Query 20.
How does the Electoral Fee recognize a regional celebration?
The Election Commission establishes the next criteria

  • The Election Fee declares and decides which political social gathering is on the national degree or which ought to be at the regional degree
  • The Election Commission has the facility to see the popularity of the regional social gathering
  • membership
  • The Election Commission is both run by a regional social gathering in accordance with the Code of Conduct or as defined by the Election Fee

Class 11 Political Science Chapter 3 NCERT Passage-Based mostly Questions

  • Please learn rigorously the following section (NCERT opp ) and answer the following questions:

    No electoral system can ever be good. And actual electoral processes will certainly have many shortcomings and limitations. Each democratic society should always search for mechanisms to make elections free and truthful. Following the adoption of grownup elections, freedom of election and the establishment of an unbiased electoral fee, India has sought to make its electoral process free and truthful. Nevertheless, the expertise of the final fifty-five years has led to many proposals to reform the electoral system. Election fee, political events, numerous unbiased teams and many students have put forward proposals for electoral reform. Some of these proposals concern modifications to constitutional provisions.

    1. What’s mentioned within the reference?
    2. What mechanisms have India adopted at no cost and truthful elections?
    3. What extra attention has been paid to electoral reforms?

    2. Adoption of Grownup Elections

  • Election Release
  • Establishment of Unbiased Election Commission
  • 3. In order to change constitutional regulation, that is, the FPTP ought to convert to a PR system, it also needs to guarantee some reservations and candidates from a felony background are banned from conducting elections, and so forth.

    Passage 2
    Please learn rigorously (NCERT textbook, p. 70), rigorously under and answer the following questions:

    The Election Commission has very few employees. It manages elections via administrative equipment. Nevertheless, once the electoral course of has begun, the Commission will manage the work on energy. Through the electoral course of, state and central government officers are assigned an electoral obligation and could be supervised by the Election Fee in this regard. The EC might second officers or terminate secondments; it could actually take motion towards them because it has not acted impartially

    1. How does the Electoral Commission manage elections?
    2. Through the electoral process, who’s topic to the election obligation?
    3. What are the powers of the Electoral Fee?
    1. The Election Commission conducts the election utilizing administrative machinery

    2. State and central government officials are given election duties and are absolutely monitored by the Electoral Commission


    • They’re absolutely monitored by the Electoral Commission
    • The EC can delegate officials or
    • It could possibly take action towards them as a result of it has not acted impartially

    Category 11 Political Science Chapter 3 NCERT Lengthy answer Sort Questions

    Explain the Position
    The Electoral Commission's tasks may be summarized as follows:

    • The Election Fee oversees the election machines to conduct free and truthful elections by overseeing and making modifications when wanted. electoral fee
    • The electoral committee prepares an inventory of voters with voting rights and also considers that voters additionally object to the voter listing [196590]. 09] The Electoral Commission points election codes to political parties and unbiased candidates. Since Congress (I) has been given, the BJP has been given a logo of hand and lotus.
    • The Election Commission declares and acknowledges political events as national or regional.

    Question 2
    How does the Indian Election Commission ensure its independence?
    The Electoral Fee shall ensure its independence by the following provisions

    • The Electoral Commissioner and other Electoral Committees and Regional Electoral Committees shall be appointed for a hard and fast time period.
    • Except in the case of invalidity and misconduct, the Excessive Commissioner for Elections will not be faraway from office until the 2 homes have handed a two-thirds majority resolution.
    • Different Election Commissions and Regional Electoral Commissions may be abolished
    • Head Election Charges and Different Allowances The Commissioner and different Electoral Commissions shall be paid from the Consolidated Fund of India.
    • The President and other members of the Government Board and other phrases of employment shall be imposed by the President, however shall not be adversely affected during their term of office.

    Question 3.
    What’s the composition of the Election Fee of India?

    • The Electoral Commission consists of the Excessive Commissioner of the Election Commission and the variety of different Electoral Committees may additionally be fastened by the Chairman
    • Thus, the Electoral Fee may be a number of members. By 1989, the Election Fee was one member.
    • In 1993, two electoral committees have been also appointed and turned multinational bodies
    • . The Election Fee is chaired by the Election Commission, however the different Election Observers even have the identical authority to work mainly as a consensus collective body.
    • The Constitution of India has ensured the independence of the Electoral Fee and declared that it could play an necessary position within the organization of free and truthful elections.

    Question 4.
    Operation Universal Grownup Suffrage has typically been criticized. Explain to them
    Universal Adult Suffrage refers to the appropriate to vote granted to all grownup citizens without distinction of caste, class, colour, faith, language, religion, and so on.

    • The correct to vote is a particular privilege granted to them who use it for the welfare of the state. Subsequently, it ought to be given only to educated individuals and illiterate individuals must be excluded because they do not perceive who is the most effective candidate for the state.
    • Common grownup liberty varieties the government of the silly, because the silly and the ignorant make up the majority in society, which may have harmful consequences for the state
    • Not all individuals must be given the fitting to vote and denied because God has not created all equal.
    • The best to vote ought to be prolonged solely to persons who’re competent or in a position to train it, as a result of it isn’t a right and duty cannot be extended to qualified individuals.
    • A standard grownup challenge leads to corruption, as each are often carried out on the idea of cash and muscle energy by controlling poor people who are poor.

    Question 5.
    Propose some main proposals for s electoral reforms
    Numerous committees have labored on electoral reforms, specifically the Goswam Committee and the Tarkunde Committee, however have not introduced vital modifications to the legislation . Plainly the political events are indifferent to electoral reforms, as in some instances they’ve been neutralized by the electoral commission to deliver concerning the desired change. The preservation and strengthening of the democratic system is now widely known. A comprehensive program of reform is needed within the system, construction and processes:

    • Political criminalization must be reviewed.
    • The tasks of political parties must be regulated
    • .
    • Make the Election Mechanism Efficient and Credible
    • Cease using money and muscle energy.
    • The proportion of every class, interval, and society also needs to be

    Question 6.
    What is the electoral process in India?
    The electoral process is carried out at totally different levels in accordance with the provisions of the Individuals's Representation Act 1950 and 1951

    • First, constituencies are shaped in the regional space from which the candidates' competition is chosen.
    • The appointment paperwork are filled with returnee
    • .
    • After the examination is completed, the applicant shall be given a date on which the cancellation might be made.
    • The election marketing campaign is then organized by numerous methods by holding conferences, meetings,
    • The election marketing campaign stops 48 hours before the vote is due on the due date. Chairmen and voters control your complete voting process. Voters vote by secret ballot.
    • When the vote is over, the rely is completed at a selected date and time. The very best variety of votes is selected.

    Grade 11 Political Science Chapter 3 NCERT Picture-Based mostly Questions

    1. Read the cartoon under (NCERT Textbook, web page 52) and reply the following questions:

    <img src="" alt=" NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political Faculty Chapter 3 Election and Representation 1 [19659143] Questions
    1. They say that elections are a carnival of democracy. But this cartoon depicts chaos. Is this always true of elections?
    2. Is it good for democracy?
    1. No, this does not always apply to elections. In general, elections are conducted in a peaceful and democratic manner.

    2. From a democratic point of view, it is not good to conduct elections in chaotic illegality. This is detrimental to the destruction of democracy simply because most people do not go to the polling place

    2. Read the cartoon below (NCERT Textbook, page 61) and answer the following questions:
      NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Choice and Representation 2

    <img src="" alt=" NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Selection and Representation 2 [19659147] Questions:
    1. These ruling celebration members try to pay attention to the "little" opposition! Was this the impact of our electoral system?
    2. What does a cartoon characterize?
    1. Yes, at first there was just one political celebration that dominated in Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. The opposition was not so common to participate in either position, they have been solely designated representatives in both Homes of Parliament.

    2. The cartoon represents the position of the opposition celebration and the ruling get together seeks to hear its voice.

    3. Read the cartoon under (NCERT Textbook, web page 67) and reply the following questions:
      NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Elections and Representation 3

    <img src="" alt=" NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Election and Representation 3 [19659151] Questions:
    1. Why is Universal Adult Franchise In contrast to Elephant?
    2. Is it unattainable to management?
    3. Or is it a narrative the place everyone describes the elephant only
    1. The elephant is large in measurement and so all the adults (over 18) within the nation are getting ready for a really huge vote.

    2. Yes, it’s so troublesome to handle such a big group, but it isn’t manageable because the Election Fee has been successfully managing it since 1952

    3. Yes, in India, such a huge number of grownup voters in several areas belonging to totally different castles are depicted in each political celebration in several teams or sections or interests. Aside from the Lok Sabha elections, the Electoral Fee additionally holds totally different elections at totally different levels

    4. Learn the cartoon under (NCERT Textbook, web page 71) and answer the following questions:
      NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Elections and Representation 4

    <img src="" alt=" NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Choice and Representation four [19659156] 1. Netaji is afraid of the EC. Why do leaders worry the Electoral Fee?
    2. Is this good for democracy?
    1. Leaders are afraid of the Election Commission as a result of they want to win the election by hooks or persecution, but the Election Commission keeps them from making an attempt to achieve cash or muscle energy by giving them a code of conduct

    2. Yes, this is good for democracy truthful elections, because the Electoral Commission has numerous rights, powers and features which might be unbiased nations.

    5. Learn the cartoon under (NCERT Textbook, page 73) and reply the next questions:
      NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Elections and Representation 5

    <img src="" alt=" NCERT Solutions for Grade 11 Political School Chapter 3 Selection and Representation 5 [19659160] Questions:
    1. What does a cartoon characterize?
    2. If the accused of a critical crime has to forbid the contestation of the election?
    1. Cartoon Shows

    2. An individual accused of a critical crime ought to deny contesting elections as a result of:

    • He can threaten voters and candidates, contest elections.
    • He can use money or muscle power.
    • Believes was created, not the vote.

    Political Science Grade 11 NCERT Solutions