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Village Palampuri Class 9 Important Questions Economics Chapter 1

Village Palampur Class 9 Important Questions Social Economics Chapter 1

Important Questions in Category 9 Social Economics Chapter 1 Village Story Palampur

Village Palampur Class 9 Important Questions Very Brief Reply Sort Questions

Question 1.
Question 1.
What are the elements of manufacturing?
Reply:
The key inputs wanted to supply items and providers are often known as manufacturing elements.

Question 2
Identify Palampur's Most important Manufacturing Activity
Reply:
Agriculture.

three.
What capital is needed primarily to arrange a jaggery manufacturing unit?
Answer:
Fastened capital

Query four
Give some examples of fastened capital.
] Reply:
Instruments, machines and constructing

Query 5.
Identify one item of working capital
Reply:
Cash

Question 6
An instance of a group that doesn’t belong Fastened Capital
Answer:
Cash

Question 7
Give Two Examples of Working Capital
Reply:

  • Query 8
    What are Uncooked Materials and Money in Hand?
    Answer:
    Working Capital

    Query 9 [1] 9459008] The clay used by Potter is an example of what sort of capital?
    Reply:
    Working Capital

    Query 10
    Why is it necessary to use the land very rigorously?
    Answer:
    The Earth is a resource when it’s destroyed, its return could be very troublesome

    Query 11.
    What are Rabi crops?
    Reply:
    within the winter season, ie November or December, and corrected in the summertime or April or Might.

    Question 12.
    What are the Kharif crops used for?
    Answer:
    Plant rising in rain, ie June or July, harvested in October or November.

    Question 13.
    Farmer's aura is an instance of manufacturing elements?
    Answer:
    Capital.

    Query 14.
    What’s the Most Ample Factor
    Reply:
    Labor.

    Question 15.
    What’s physical capital
    Reply:
    Bodily capital consists of numerous inputs required at all levels of manufacturing, reminiscent of machines,

    Question 16.
    What are bodily capital totally different categories?
    Reply:

    • Fastened capital
    • Working capital

    Query 17
    as fastened capital or working capital:
    (i) Cotton,
    (ii) Machine.
    Answer:
    (i) Cotton – Working Capital,
    (ii) Machine – Fastened Capital.

    Question 18
    What is the term used for own consumption in manufacturing?
    Answer:
    Value of Dwelling

    Questio n 19.
    Calculating Some Effects of Modem Cultivation Methods
    Reply:
    Soil degradation, water degree under floor and water pollution

    Question 20.
    Mention All Two Natural Elements
    Reply:
    Land, Forests, Water, Minerals, and so forth.

    Query 21.
    What’s the Market?
    Reply:
    It's a spot the place items and providers

    Query 22.
    Define Yield
    Answer:
    A plant produced in a specific nation throughout one season

    Question 23
    Query 23
    Who Offers Capital
    Answer:
    Giant Farmers, Village Sellers or Retailers.

    Query 24.
    What does HYV characterize?
    Reply:
    Answer:
    High

    Question 25.
    “The yield per hectare of food grains is high in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh”. Give two causes. HOTS
    Reply:

    • Utilizing HYV Seeds
    • Utilizing Pipes for Irrigation

    Query 26.
    What are an important necessities for the manufacturing of products and providers?
    Reply: [

    Question 27.
    Write the names of the crops promoted by the Inexperienced Revolution
    Answer:
    Cultivation of wheat and rice.

    Query 28

    Question 28
    Throughout which season do Palampuri farmers develop into struggle and bajra?
    Reply:
    Wet season.

    Query 29.
    What’s the present share of rural areas?
    Reply:
    24%

    Question 30.
    What’s the primary requirement for growing agricultural production?
    Answer:
    Reply:

    Query 31.
    What is a Green Revolution? HOTS
    Reply:
    The high progress price of corn food production within the last 40 years has been because of the excessive yield of seed (HYV) and different inputs as a green revolution.

    Question 32.
    What was the manufacturing of legumes and wheat in 2010-11?
    Reply:
    Pulses – 18 MT, Wheat – 86 MT

    Question 33.
    Question 33.

    Answer:
    Milk and Transportation.

    Query 34.
    Two states are named which benefited from the Inexperienced Revolution.
    Answer:

    Query 35.
    Mention all two elements that lead to low meals consumption in India.
    Answer:

    • Previous know-how,
    • Small farms

    Question 36.
    Which of the following is just not used
    Answer:
    Plows.

    Question 37.
    What’s one of the simplest ways to increase non-agricultural activities within the village? 9008] Answer:
    Better Transportation, Availability of Reasonably priced Loans, Availability of a Market for Promoting Goods is the Greatest Solution to Broaden Non-Agricultural

    Question 38
    In
    October:
    December

    Question 39.
    What kind of activity does milk manufacturing embrace?
    Reply:
    Main Action

    Query 40.
    Which is the most important consumption of chemical fertilizers in the state of India?
    Reply:
    Punjab.

    Question 41.
    Scientific studies show that modem cultivation methods have used the land an excessive amount of. Clarify by giving examples
    Reply:

    • Soil loses fertility as using chemical fertilizers increases,
    • The continued use of groundwater for tubewell irrigation has lowered the water desk.

    Question 42.
    Answer:
    Rising several crops on a farm through the yr is called a a number of crop.

    Query 43.
    Add Two Instructional Strategies
    Answer:

    • Utilizing HYV seeds,
    • by irrigation

    Question 44.
    What capital is called working capital
    Answer:
    Answer:
    Uncooked Supplies

    Query 45.
    What is India's most essential financial exercise?
    Reply:
    Agriculture.

    Query 46.

    Query 46.
    Point out the unit of measurement of the land space
    Reply:
    hectare. 05] Question 47.
    “Many people in the SC group (Dalits) are discriminated against in the village.
    Answer:
    SCs live in the second corner of the village and in much smaller houses.

    Question 48
    What is Production? Give an Example
    Answer:
    Production is the creation of value for a commodity. For example, the manufacture of a steel car

    Village Palampur Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions

    Question 1.
    Define the Importance and Purpose of Production
    Answer:
    ] Production is the value of a commodity, eg Car steel manufacturing
    Objective: The goal of production is to produce the products and services we want. There are four requirements for the production of goods and services: country, labor, physical capital and human capital

    Question 2.
    Mention three characteristics of the traditional cultivation method,
    Answer:

    Less watering needed

Question 3.
Explain the problems caused by the uneven distribution of the earth
Answer:

  • Economic inequality: uneven distribution of the country leads to economic inequality
  • Unemployment: it leads to unemployment
  • Poverty and hunger: Economic The lack of opportunities leads to poverty and hunger.

Question 4
Describe the role of human capital in the production process.
Answer:

  • Human capital can only be built in the long term through education and training.
  • Human capital includes qualified and educated people gathering in the country,

Question 5.
Farmers, of which two countries used for the first time modem cultivation methods in India? Mention all four positive effects. MOTS
Answer:
i) Farmers in Punjab, Haryana and West Uttar Pradesh used modem cultivation methods for the first time in India
(ii) (a) Modern cultivation methods increased country productivity
(b) Increases food production in the country .
(c) It brought the green revolution in the 1960s, leading to a large increase in the production of cereal grains, especially wheat and rice
. d) it has played a very important role in food safety
. e) It has led to the growth of agricultural-based industries

Question 6
Write three differences between country and capital.
Answer:

Country Capital
(i) It is a fixed production factor. It's a man-made production factor.
(ii) It is a free gift
(iii) The earth varies according to fertility It is of two types, ie fixed and working capital . ] Question 7
“Capital is a basic prerequisite for agriculture.” How do Indian farmers arrange it? Clear.
Reply:

  • Most small farmers lend money from money suppliers or traders to make capital.
  • Treasurers and traders cost excessive rates of interest for farmers.
  • Farmers have their own financial savings in agriculture.
  • Additionally they get loans from banks

Question 8
What problems do agricultural staff face when it comes to unemployment? Clarify three problems. HOTS
Reply:
Problems of Agricultural Staff:

  • They are either landless households or families with small plots.
  • They haven’t any proper to farming.
  • Wages range extensively by area and crop, and so forth.
  • Also, the variation in employment period was extensive (three)

Question 9
Point out all 4 characteristics of entrepreneur or human capital as a production issue
Answer:

  • ] It’s a manufacturing factor that mixes or organizes all production elements [19659012
  • It produces goods and providers for its own consumption or sells available on the market.
  • Manufacturing is crucial issue.

Query 10
Did small farmers make capital for agriculture? What’s its consequence? Clear.
Reply:
Most small farmers need to borrow money to arrange their capital. They are borrowing from giant farmers or donors or traders who provide totally different inputs for cultivation.
End result:
The rate of interest on such loans could be very excessive.

Query 11.
Describe all three options of small-scale manufacturing that are not farm activities in Palampur
Reply:

  • 50 individuals are made in Palampur.
  • At Palampur, manufacturing includes quite simple production methods and is completed in small scale.
  • Manufacturing mainly takes place at residence or within the business via household work. . Staff are not often hired.

Query 12.
How do medium and enormous farmers make their very own financial savings and the way do they use it? Clear.
Answer:
Medium and enormous farmers have surplus manufacturing, even if they have a big share of their family's wants. They sell it available on the market and get good revenue and reserve it on their checking account. They use their savings:

  • Borrowing for small farmers who want a mortgage
  • The subsequent season's agricultural working capital
  • As a hard and fast capital for purchasing tractors, and so forth.

Query 13
What elements have led to a lower in water degree in Palampur?
Reply:

  • The continual use of groundwater for tubewell irrigation has decreased the water degree under the ground
  • . and groundwater has been constructed for a few years.
  • Groundwater Abuse is another essential think about calculating the water table

Question 14.
Describe all three sources of Palampur irrigation.
Answer:

  • The Persian bike is an important irrigation source in Palampur
  • Properly can also be a supply of irrigation.
  • Tubewells are also essential irrigation sources.

Query 15.
Two options of a modem cultivation technique are reported.
Reply:
Its most important options have been:

  • Using pipe wells for irrigation. Use of HYV seeds
  • Chemical fertilizers
  • Pesticides
  • Agricultural equipment, akin to tractors, mix harvesters, and so on. (Two)

Question 16.
Clarify the distinction between physical capital
Answer:
Variations:

  • Bodily capital has quite a lot of inputs while human capital employs these inputs
  • Bodily imprisonment consists of tools that can be used through the years when man

Query 17.
What is modem cultivation methods? Explain its Disadvantages
Answer:
It's a scientific solution to improve manufacturing. In accordance with this, manufacturing is grown utilizing HYV seeds and different inputs
Disadvantages:

  • The products utilized by wealthy farmers are extra needed.
  • Decreased soil fertility with growing use of chemical fertilizers.

Question 18
Describe the position of farmers after harvesting and production
Answer:
Answer:
Answer:
] The position of the farmer:

  • Farmers retain a part of the harvest for his or her household consumption and sell the excess available on the market.
  • Farmers develop crops solely to satisfy family wants. In order that they haven’t any surplus to sell out there.
  • Giant farmers earn huge income by promoting crucial crops available on the market.
  • They promote crops and earn nice income for them

Question 19
What number of crops do farmers develop in Palampur?
Answer:
(i) Palampuri farmers develop jowar and bajra in the course of the wet season, potatoes in October-December and wheat in the winter season.
(ii) (a) Palampur has a well-developed irrigation system that permits farmers to develop three totally different crops per yr
(b) Electricity got here to Palampur early.
(c) By the mid-1970s, a complete space of ​​200 hectares was baptized
d) Trendy cultivation methods and the Inexperienced Revolution introduced HYV seeds

Question 20.
Why did the original results of the green revolution only affect wheat and just a few areas?
Answer:

  • It was limited to wheat as a result of HYV seeds have been only out there for wheat.
  • Its impression was limited to some areas, as a result of HYV seeds want bigger stakes that only rich farmers can afford.
  • HYV seeds need certain technique of irrigation that have been solely obtainable in northern India

21.
How Do Conventional Seeds Differ From HYV Seeds?
Answer:

HYV seeds Conventional seeds
(i) HYV seeds produce extra manufacturing per hectare. Traditional seeds produce much less
(ii) HYV seeds want watering. Seeds wanted much less watering
iii) HYV seeds need modem inputs, corresponding to fertilizers, pesticides, and so forth. Conventional seeds needed inputs that have been available to farmers who didn’t want to buy them from the market.

Query 22.
“Most of our villages have good infrastructure. VSQ
Answer:

  • Most villages are well connected with other neighboring villages or towns through all the degraded roads
  • Most Indian villages have elementary schools, health centers, etc.
  • means of transport include motorcycles, jeeps, tractors, tongues, etc. [19659022] Question 23
    Why do people move? Clear.
    Answer:
    People move from one area to another:

    • Looking for better jobs
    • For better living conditions.
    • a high degree of training.

Story of Palampur Village Category 9 Important Questions Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Explain the meaning of “physical capital”. Clarify Its Two Varieties With Applicable Examples
Or
What is Physical Capital?
Reply:
Physical capital is the totally different levels of inputs wanted in any respect levels of manufacturing. Its two differing types are:
(i) Fastened capital: It can be used in production for many years. For example, tools, generator, turbines, buildings, computers, and so forth.
(ii) Worldng Capital: Raw supplies and cash are referred to as working capital. Manufacturing requires a variety of raw materials, comparable to spherical weave and clay yarn. Throughout manufacturing, you all the time want cash to make funds and purchase different gadgets you want.

Question 2.
What’s Land? There are 3 ways to take care of the country.
Answer:
(i) Earth is a pure resource that is wanted as a factor or input in manufacturing.
(ii) (a) The earth is a free present to nature. So it is imperative that we ought to be very careful in its use. We must avoid soil contamination.
b) Soil is a vital a part of the country and the idea of agriculture. So, as an alternative of utilizing chemical fertilizers and pesticides, it is essential to make use of bio-compost and environmentally pleasant methods.
(c) We have to make it possible for trendy cultivation methods are used scientifically in such a approach that some farming practices, if used with care and discretion, will certainly help make the nation sustainable. Such practices embrace cultivation intensity, crop rotation, a number of cultivation, cultivation, and so on.
e) We should always encourage group farming or co-operative farming as an alternative of individual cultivation, which is usually exploitable.

Query three.
How huge farmers use agricultural surplus to carry agricultural capital
Reply:

  • Giant farmers often promote surplus area
  • They make investments most of their revenue or cash in their checking account and get enough the identical degree of curiosity.
  • A few of their revenue is saved and retained for working capital in agriculture
  • Additionally they use financial savings for small farmers and different village residents.
  • A few of their revenue is used to boost fastened capital, resembling tractor, cage, cattle, and so on.

4.
Separation between fastened, labor and human capital
Reply:

Fastened capital Working capital Human capital
i) Tools, machines, buildings and so forth. used for many years in production (ii) Fastened capital cannot be modified or inbuilt a short while. Human assets embrace qualified and educated individuals who acquire land, capital and other production elements to supply goods
. Working capital may be changed or built within the brief time period Human capital can only be inbuilt the long run via schooling and training.

Query 5.
What's the difference between Rabi crops and Kharif crops? When will they be sown and repaired?
Reply:

  • Kharif crops are grown in rain. They’re sown in June-July and harvested in October-November. Farmers in Palampur primarily grow cattle and bajra, which are used as livestock feed
  • Rab crops are grown in the course of the winter season. They’re sown. October to November and harvested primarily in March-April. Wheat is crucial crop of this season.
  • Vital conditions for multifunctional cultivation:
    • The country should have sufficient irrigation amenities
    • Farmers also needs to have adequate capital to take a position and reply to agricultural expenditure.

Query 6.
Explain the distribution of labor in non-agricultural rural areas.
Or
Explain all 4 of the work that may be executed to extend out-of-farm production in villages.
Reply:
25% of the whole workforce is engaged in non-agricultural activities. Measures to extend non-crop actions:

  • Infrastructure: Infrastructure consists of the development of street development, bank institution and communication. All of these are primary conditions for financial improvement.
  • Market Enlargement: Growing agricultural exercise to increase non-agricultural activity must be linked to the urban market
  • Schooling and Health: Enhancing schooling leads to human capital formation. 19659012] Low cost loans: Non-agricultural activities could be promoted by offering low cost and reasonably priced loans to farmers.

Question 7.
5 reasons are given why agricultural staff are thought-about poor. –
Reply:

  • Agricultural staff are usually landless
  • They do not have everlasting jobs. They should search for work daily
  • They don’t seem to be even paid the minimal wage. The federal government's minimal wage on the farm is er 60 days, but they only get?
  • They’ve an amazing family.
  • They’re illiterate, unhealthy and unskilled.

Question 8

Why do trendy agricultural strategies require extra capital? Clear.
Answer:

  • Modem production methods require inputs similar to chemical fertilizers, pesticides, tractors, and so forth., manufactured by business. In order that they demand that the farmer start extra money than earlier than
  • The modem cultivation strategies use HYV seeds that require extra watering.
  • Within the conventional technique, farmers use cow progress as a natural fertilizer. There isn’t any want to purchase whereas chemical fertilizers want extra money to buy from the market.
  • Modem schooling is machine-oriented. So farmers need more capital to purchase them.
  • Using machines requires a half or a skilled workforce that needs extra investment.

Query 9
Three reasons for wage fluctuations in farm work all through India.
Reply:
The wages of those working within the country differ extensively. They often receive pay under the minimum wage set by the federal government. The explanations for the variation in agricultural wages are as follows:

  • Farmers come from either landless families or small-family households. They’re poor and helpless. They work in day by day wages. They should search for work recurrently. Because there’s fierce labor competitors amongst farmers, these staff comply with work on lower wages.
  • Most agricultural staff are in low sauces and depressed courses. They have slightly courage to problem the individuals of the upper caste.
  • Farmers are usually illiterate and ignorant. They don’t seem to be organized in trade unions. It is subsequently troublesome for them to negotiate with landowners and ensure good wages.

Question 10.
Explain the essential necessities for the manufacturing of goods and providers. What’s crucial?
Answer:
i) Country: The nation is an important producer. It is wanted to develop crops, development work and infrastructure. The primary requirement is land. We additionally want other pure assets comparable to water, forests, minerals, and so forth.

(ii) Work: One other requirement is figure, that’s, people who do the job. Totally different manufacturing activities require totally different staff, resembling extremely educated, expert or craftsmen. Each worker offers the manpower wanted for manufacturing.

(iii) Bodily Capital: The third requirement is bodily capital that includes the varied inputs required for manufacturing. It has two elements. Tools, machines and buildings are coated by 'fastened capital'.
They can be used for production for years. Raw supplies and money are referred to as working capital.

(iv) Human Capital: The fourth requirement is human capital. Information and enterprise are needed to combine land, labor and physical capital to supply output.

Question 11.
Define the Green Revolution. How does the Green Revolution differ from traditional cultivation?
Answer:
Excessive farm progress after 1967-68 with the introduction of a new agricultural strategy, which meant the simultaneous use of higher and modem agricultural inputs. The Inexperienced Revolution consists of the introduction of high-yielding seed species. It additionally covers using fertilizers and irrigation methods that improve manufacturing and make India self-sufficient in food merchandise. Thus, this system is especially used to improve the state of agriculture. It was delivered to India on the initiative of the Indian authorities. Dr. Norman Borlaug introduced excessive returns to India. MISS. Swaminathan and his staff additionally contributed to the success of the Green Revolution in India. Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the primary areas where the Green Revolution started.

The Distinction Between Inexperienced Revolution and Traditional Cultivation: The Inexperienced Revolution refers to using synthetic fertilizers, know-how, excessive productiveness and genetically modified seeds. Traditional cultivation emphasizes using pure seeds and fertilizers

  • In the mid-1960s, the seeds used for cultivation have been traditional with relatively low yields
  • Conventional seeds needed less watering.
  • All of those have been readily available to farmers who didn’t need to buy them
  • The Inexperienced Revolution in the late 1960s launched Indian farmer wheat for cultivation and rice utilizing high-yield seed varieties (HYV)
  • Compared to conventional seeds, HYV seeds promised to supply much larger quantities of grain for one plant. In consequence, the identical plot now produces a lot bigger quantities of food drinks than was potential earlier. Nevertheless, there was a whole lot of need for HYV seeds.

Query 12.
Describe the importance of the green revolution in the Indian financial system
Answer:
The Inexperienced Revolution has two sorts of effects on the Indian financial system, specifically (i) economic effects and (ii) sociological effects
i) Economic implications:
a) Improve in agricultural manufacturing and productivity:
With the introduction of HYV know-how, meals business manufacturing elevated considerably within the country. Wheat manufacturing has risen from eight.8 million tonnes to 1965-66 184 million tonnes in 1991-92. The productiveness of different food merchandise has elevated significantly. It was 71% for cereals, 104% for wheat and 52% for paddy 1965-66 and 1989-90.

b) Employment: New agricultural know-how has created extra employment alternatives in the agricultural sector. Uusi teknologia on kypsyvä ja mahdollistaa moninkertaisen rajauksen

(c) Markkinoiden suunta: Uusi tekniikka on tehnyt viljelijöille suuntautuneen. On account of excess manufacturing the farmers need to go to the marketplace for promoting their surplus manufacturing.

(ii) Sociological Effects:
(a) Private Inequalities: Resulting from Inexperienced Revolution the revenue of rich farmers increased considerably whereas the poor farmers couldn’t reap any profit. This led to a class conflict between the wealthy and the poor farmers. The small and marginal farmers have been deprived of enjoying the good points of latest know-how.

(b) Regional Inequality: The new know-how was successfully carried out in the wheat-producing belt of the nation whereas the rice producing zones have been by no means affected by this Inexperienced Revolution. Therefore, the disparity between the two regions elevated significantly. Further Green Revolution turned successful in irrigated areas whereas, within the rained belt the new know-how couldn’t be correctly carried out.

Question 13.
The place and why has the Green Revolution been started in India? Give advantages and drawbacks of the Inexperienced Revolution.
Answer:
Inexperienced Revolution includes the introduction of excessive yielding kinds of seeds. It additionally encompasses using fertilizers and irrigation methods that will increase the production and make nations like India self-sufficient in foodgrains. So, this system is especially used to improve the standing of agriculture. It was brought in India by the I initiative of Indian government. Dr. Norman Borlaug brought excessive yielding wheat in India.

M.S. Swaminathan and his workforce additionally contributed in the direction of the success of Green Revolution in India. Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are ; the primary regions where green Revolution was began.
Benefits / Merits of Inexperienced Revolution:

  • The HYV seeds produce much higher amount of grains in comparison to the traditional seeds.
  • It has elevated the manufacturing on the identical pieces of land which produces giant portions of food grains than it was produced earlier.

Disadvantages / Demerits of Green Revolution:

  • Poor farmers are unable to afford HYV seeds, fertilizers and machineries.
  • This will likely result in an end with giant debts.
  • HYV seeds need extra fertilizers and water and they are expensive.
  • Since Green Revolution introduced new machineries, it led to the alternative of labour, and additional resulting in unemployment and rural-urban migration.
  • It was restricted to rice and wheat only.

Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science

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