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What is democracy? Why democracy? Category 9 Important Questions Civics Chapter 2

What is democracy? Why democracy? Category 9 Important Questions Social Science Civil Society Chapter 2

Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Citizens Chapter 2 What is Democracy? Why democracy?

What is democracy? Why democracy? Category 9 Important questions Very brief reply Sort Questions

Query 1.
What is consultant democracy?
Reply:
Underneath consultant democracy all individuals do not control or make selections, however the majority or elected representatives are

Query 2.
What is the most typical type of democracy in at present's world?
Answer:
Consultant Democracy.

Query three
Reply:

  • Individuals select their ruler
  • Individuals can categorical their opinion

Question 4
Why quality selections are attainable democracy?
Reply:
The democratic choice all the time incorporates many people, conversations and conferences.

Query 5.
Whose rule is democracy?
Answer:
The Salvador Allende Rule in Chile. 19659005] Question 6
Who is the last word decision-making energy in democracy?
Reply:
Individuals's Representatives

Question 7
In what form of authorities
Reply:
Democratic.

Question eight
Regardless of in depth social variety, what keeps the Indian individuals collectively?
Reply:

Query 9.
What ought to be carried out in democracy if errors are made?
Answer:
Public debate on these errors

Query 10
When do we are saying that the elections are truthful?
Answer:
Elections must supply a real selection between political options.

Query 11.
”In democracy, nearly all of individuals are dominated by their elected representatives. Give causes. HOTS
Answer:

  • Modem Democrats take so many people that it is bodily inconceivable for them to take a seat collectively and make a collective determination.
  • Regardless that citizens might, the citizen has no time, want or expertise to take part in all selections

Question 12.
How does country democracy enhance the dignity of a person? Report Three Issues
Reply:

  • Democracy is based mostly on the principle of political equality. So all citizens, whether or not rich or poor, educated or uneducated, have the same status
  • Individuals are not the ruler, they’re the rulers themselves.
  • The ruler should master or work for the needs and needs of the individuals. If individuals do not like the ruler, they will change him by election.

Query 13.
When does a citizen play an equal position in decision-making?
Answer:
If Many Choice Issues

Question 14.
What is a referendum?
Answer:
A direct vote during which all the voter is asked to either settle for or reject the proposal

Query 15
When did the World Trade Group establish?
Answer:
1955

Question 16.
What type of authorities is thought-about democratic?
Reply:
Answer:

Question 17.
Who had the "Framework Framework Decision" in Pakistan
Answer:
Common Pervez Musharraf.

Query 18
Are many yeafcs organizing election elections?
Answer:
Every six years

Query 19.
At what stage does China report its worst starvation in the history of the world?
Reply:
1958-1961

Question 20.
Before Challenging Elections in China, which have to be authorised by the candidate?
Reply:
Communist Get together of China

Query 21
What Country Dos
Reply:
Estonia

Question 22.
Who is the President of China appointed by?
Reply:
Members of the National Individuals's Congress.

Question 23.
Identify two nations that do not maintain free and truthful elections
Reply:
China and Mexico.

What is democracy? Why democracy? Category 9 Important questions Brief answer Sort Questions

Question 1.
Define democracy.
Reply:
Democracy is a type of government that citizens choose to work for his or her well-being and which they will change.
Merits:

  • Democracy is the most effective type of authorities when rulers are accountable to individuals and wish to satisfy their needs.
  • Democracy is based mostly on session and dialogue. This reduces the potential of taking busy and irresponsible selections and enhancing the quality of choice making

Demerits:

  • Leaders change democracy. This leads to instability.
  • Democracy is about political competition and energy play.

Query 2.
How Do Indian Elections Differ From Mexico?
Answer:

  • Each nations have a multi-party system. Within the case of India, political events in power typically lose their election, whereas in the case of Mexico, the PRI didn’t lose individual elections for more than 70 years.
  • Indian elections are held each five years while Mexican elections are held
  • State officers are working on election days on election days, however this does not apply to Mexico.

Question three
Evaluate all three circumstances that apply to a democratic authorities after
Reply:

  • Individuals should have the freedom to precise their opinion. They need to have the freedom to type associations and in addition protest
  • The country is ruled by the Structure.
  • Human rights have to be respected and have to be an unbiased judiciary whose orders are followed by everybody

Query four.
What does direct democracy imply? Why can't it’s practiced in at the moment's world?
Reply:
i) Direct democracy is a democracy during which every citizen must be capable of participate equally in decision-making.
) a) Trendy democracies interact so many people that it is bodily unimaginable for them to take a seat together and make a collective determination. The bulk is additionally in a roundabout way managed, however by means of its elected representatives.
(b) In addition, the citizen does not have the time, the desire or the talents to take part in all selections.

Query 5
] “Democracy is about political competition and a power game. Morality is not possible ”. Justify your assertion by arguing towards democracy
Reply:

  • Political parties and candidates use all of the dirty tips to win the election.
  • Lots of them use cash and muscle power through the election.

Question 6.
Clarify the primary options of democracy
Reply:

  • Remaining Authority with MPs: Democracy Ultimate Choice
  • Free and truthful elections: Democracy have to be based mostly on free and truthful elections where truthful alternatives to lose.
  • One Individual, One Vote, One Value: In democracy, every grownup citizen should have one vote and every vote should have one value.
  • The rule of regulation and respect for rights: democratic authorities rules inside the limits set by the Constitution and the rights of residents. 19659009] Quest ion 7.
    “Democracy improves the quality of decision-making.” Clarify. VBQ
    Reply:

    • Democracy is based mostly on hearing and dialog.
    • Democratic determination all the time consists of many individuals, discussions and conferences. When several individuals put their heads collectively, they’re able to level out any mistakes in all selections.
    • As a result of a lot of the selections are made via discussions, this reduces the probabilities of getting a rash or irresponsible choice.
    • Jos

    Question eight
    ”Democracy is higher than other types of authorities because it allows us to right our own mistakes. "Clear. HOTS
    Answer:
    There is no guarantee that mistakes cannot be made in democracy. No form of government can guarantee it. The advantage of democracy is that such mistakes cannot be hidden for a long time. There is room for public debate on these errors. And there's room for repair. Leaders must change their decision, or the rulers can be changed. This cannot happen in a democratic government.

    Question 9.
    Why is democracy called "authorities by debate"?
    Reply:

    • Democracy presents all residents some primary rights by means of which they will
    • Democracy gives all citizens the opportunity to choose and change their representatives if they don’t work based on their needs.
    • All Members in Parliament have the proper to provide
    • Democracy provides citizens the suitable to comply with any faith

    Query 10.
    What is the most typical type of democracy? Why is this type of democracy needed?
    Answer:
    The most typical type of democracy is consultant democracy.

    • Trendy democracies take so many people that it is physically unattainable for them to take a seat collectively, and
    • Despite the fact that residents might, it doesn’t have the time, the willingness or the talents to participate in all selections.

    Question 11.
    ”Is it good to choose President for life, or is it better to carry regular elections each five years? Give your viewpoint with justification to help it.
    Reply:
    No, it's not good to decide on a president for all times. Nevertheless, it is higher to carry common elections each 5 years.
    Causes:

    • Common elections give individuals the chance to vary authorities if it doesn’t work based on the needs of the individuals. [19659008

    Query 12.
    “Democratic government is a better government because it is a more responsible government.” Clarify.
    Reply:
    Answer:

  • The Democratic Authorities is a responsible authorities, ie it is liable for its actions, selections and policies, including administration. The federal government is accountable to Parliament or we will say to the individuals. If the federal government doesn’t act in accordance with the wants and expectations of its residents, Parliament might transfer a motion of censure towards the government.
  • Greater than three crqren individuals lost their lives in 1958-61 in famine in China, however in India, whose economic state of affairs was worse than in China, it had no such famine in China
  • The existence of Indian democracy gave the Indian authorities a response to food security in a method that the Chinese government did not executed.

Question 13
Contemplate the next information about the nation and determine when you would call it democracy. Give justification on your choice.
(i) All residents of the country have the proper to vote. Elections are held recurrently.
(ii) The nation borrowed from international businesses. One of many conditions for granting the loan was that the federal government would scale back its schooling and well being prices
(iii) Individuals converse more than seven languages, but schooling is obtainable in only one language, a language spoken by 52 %.
iv) Several organizations have referred to as for peaceful demonstrations and national strikes in the nation to counter these insurance policies.
(v) The federal government owns the country's radio and tv. “All newspapers must be allowed by the government to publish news about state policies and protests.
Answer:
i) If citizens have the right to vote and the elections are held regularly, it is democracy. However, elections must be free and fair. In India, democracy exists because elections are considered free and fair.
(ii) It's democratic. Simply by taking a loan from an international agency, a democratic government will not become undemocratic.
(iii) It is not democratic. In democracy, education should be given in the language spoken by students.
(iv) It is not democratic. People have the right to oppose government policy. Peaceful demonstrations and nationwide strikes are a democratic protest.
(v) It is undemocratic. It is essential for democracy that radio and television are independent.

Question 14.
Why did all the elections win the PRI party in China? Explain all three reasons.
Answer:
Every election by a party called PRI in China is due to the following:

  • Until 2000, each election was won by the ruling party, PRI
  • .
  • The PRI was known to use many dirty tricks to win the election.

Question 15.
Citizens of a non-democratic nation can bring about changes in the political system of the country. Write all three features that can help them do that.
Answer:
Features are:

  • They should be actively involved in politics.
  • They can form associations. They can protest and take other political action
  • They can express their opinion publicly.

Question 16.
"The Chinese elections are not human judgment". Explain. HOTS
Answer:

  • In China, elections are held regularly every five years when the country's parliament is called, called Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (National People's Congress). ,
  • The People's Congress has the power to appoint a country president
  • It has almost 3,000 members who have been elected from all over China. Some Members Are Selected by the Army
  • Before contesting the election, the candidate needs the approval of the Chinese Communist Party
  • Only those who are members of the Communist Party of China or the eight smaller parties with which it joined.
  • The government always consists of the Communist Party

Question 17.
Distinguishes between democracy and good democracy in three aspects.
Answer:

Answer:

S.No. Democracy Good Democracy
(i) Democratic government is a government elected by the people. Good democracy is the government that the citizens choose and
(ii) There are regular elections in democracy In a good democracy, regular free and fair elections are held.
(iii) Democracy is a political equality. Good democracy together with politics

Question 18
Distinguish between democratic and non-democratic elections
Answer:

S.No. Democratic Elections Democratic Elections
(i) All citizens have one vote with equal value in democratic elections. There is no right to vote for all citizens.
(ii) Elections are Elections do not hold at regular intervals
(iii) Free and fair elections are held Free and fair elections are not held.

What is democracy? Why democracy? Category 9 Important Questions Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Show by example that a democratic government is a more responsible form of government
Answer:
We can take an example from India. In India, the government is responsible to citizens.
(i) The Government of India's policies are based on democratic values.
(ii) It can respond to the needs of the people
. iii) It organizes multi-party elections.
(iv) It has opposition parties criticizing the government.
(v) Democracy guarantees that decision-making is based on norms and procedures. Thus, a citizen wishing to know whether a decision has been taken by appropriate procedures can find it. This is called transparency. So this shows that democracy produces a government that follows the procedures and is accountable to the government.
(vi) Democratic Government Rules Within the Constraints of the Constitution and Citizens' Rights
(vii) Democracy offers a method for dealing with differences and conflicts. It is suitable for countries like India. India has a diverse language, religion and culture.
(viii) It's better than other forms of administration because it allows us to fix our own problems.
(ix) Democracy also enhances the dignity of citizens, because it is based on political equality. This means that the poorest and least educated have the same status as the rich and educated.

Question 2.
“Democracy is the most popular form that occurs during the times of modems, but shortcomings cannot be ruled out. “Justify your opinion by evaluating five democratic deficiencies. HOTS
Answer:

  • Instability: Leaders and Political Parties Change Under Democracy. This leads to political instability.
  • Low Morale: Democracy is about political competition and power play.
  • Delays in Decision Making: All decisions must be approved and discussed in Parliament, and many people and institutions must be consulted. Thus, it leads to delays in decision-making.
  • Bad Decisions: Because most managers do not know the best interests of the people, it leads to bad decisions.
  • Corruption: Because democracy is based on electoral competition, it leads to corruption. Many political parties use force to the majority and to the money
  • Illiterate and politically unconscious voters: In most developing countries, voters are illiterate and politically unconscious, so they choose the wrong candidates

Question 3
] Why democracy is considered to be the best alternative for all other people in the world among the political systems? Clear.
Answer:

  • Responsible Government: Democracy is better than any other form of government because it represents the needs of the people. It does not depend on the scams of the ruler or dictator. To put it simply, we can say that democracy is for people. It is an administrative responsibility.
  • Based on Negotiations: Democracy is based on consultation and debate. Because so many mistakes are corrected in time. How democracy improves the quality of decision making
  • Discusses differences: Democracy provides a peaceful solution to all problems. It's the best way to deal with differences and conflicts. It suits the needs of many countries, including India, with different languages, religions, castles and religions. Discussions lead to all the problems, so it keeps our country united.
  • Political Equality: Democracy is based on political equality that guarantees equal rights for rich and poor, educated and uneducated. So democracy improves the dignity of every citizen in a way
  • Correctional Room: Only in democracy are mistakes made and all attempts are made to correct these mistakes. If mistakes are made, only in democracy will they be accepted and corrected. So there is room for democracy to be repaired.
  • Democracy offers citizens the opportunity to flourish according to their ability

Question 4.
Explain the main features of democratic governments.
Answer:

  • Responsible. Government: The Democratic Government is a responsible government. Citizens' elected representatives under the general Vdult franchise agreement are still responsible for people, and if they do not remain accountable to the people, people can change them during the next election.
  • Opportunity for Good Law: Democratic government representatives have direct contact with people. That's why they understand their problems and interests correctly. They properly represent the people's interest in the churches and the parliament and always try to get good laws.
  • Political Education: The greatest merit of democracy is its educational value. Participation in elections and other political activities makes people intelligent and politically aware. They become educated citizens
  • on the basis of freedom and brotherhood: In democracy, the rights and freedom of citizens are well protected. People are given the freedom to express their opinions without fear. They can criticize the government the wrong policy
  • respect for the principle of equality: In a democracy, all are equal in law point of view, and no discrimination arise birth, race, caste, color, gender based, religious, etc. All citizens have equal opportunities to participate in state affairs.
  • The government formed by the will of the people: Democracy is based on the will of the people, and it works according to their consent.

Question 5.
What characteristics make the democratic government so popular?
Answer:

  • Responsible Government: Democracy is better than any other form of government because it represents people's needs. It does not depend on the peaks of the ruler or dictator. To put it simply, we can say that democracy is sacred. It is an administrative responsibility.
  • Based on consultation and discussion, democracy is based on consultation and debate. Because so many mistakes are corrected in time. Democracy, therefore, means the quality of decision-making
  • Discusses differences: Democracy provides a peaceful solution to all problems. It's the best way to deal with differences and conflicts. It suits the needs of many countries, including India, with different languages, religions, castles and religions. Conversations lead to the soul of every problem, so it keeps our country united
  • Political equality: Democracy is based on political equality, which guarantees equal rights to rich and poor, educated and uneducated. Hence, democracy improves the dignity of every citizen in a way.

Question 6.
“Although democracy is considered to be the best form of government, it is not the ideal form of government.”
Answer:

  • It is not a great form of governance as a result of every citizen doesn’t play an equal position in decision-making. Even the majority doesn’t control immediately.
  • Democracy solely presents political equality, but individuals additionally want social and financial equality.
  • The perfect authorities is a government that is not maintained by a couple of powerful individuals.
  • Perfect Authorities
  • The perfect government is a government with gender equality.

Question 7.
Explain representative democracy. Why is representative democracy the most typical form of governance in modem occasions? Explain all 4 causes.
Answer:
(i) When most people control their elected representatives, it is referred to as consultant democracy.
(ii)

  • The most typical type of democracy in our time is consultant democracy. In democracy, not all individuals control. Direct administration of people is not potential
  • So in a democracy, the bulk must make selections
    for all nations. Even the bulk doesn’t control immediately. It manages by means of its elected representatives.
  • Representative democracy is vital. Modem democracies make up numerous individuals. It is bodily unimaginable for them to take a seat or collect in a single place and make a collective determination.
  • Whereas all citizens might gather collectively, not all citizens have the time, the will, or the talents to participate in all

Query 8.
Write five arguments and 5 towards democracy within the type of a authorities.
Reply:
Democratic Advocacy:

  • Democratic government type
  • It improves the standard of determination making
  • It offers a way for resolving variations and conflicts.
  • It improves residents' dignity.
  • It allows us to repair our error.
  • It only considerations political competition that has no morality.
  • Listening to many individuals results in delays.
  • It results in corruption.
  • It leads to corruption. Unusual individuals do not know what is good

Query 9.
Write down some widespread features of democratic nations.
Answer:
Some widespread options of non-democratic nations are:
(i) Non-democratic nations, individuals must not criticize the federal government. This means imprisonment, harassment and hassle one after one other.

(ii) In non-democratic nations, the king's rule or the so-called army authorities is in place and there is no electoral difficulty.

(iii) No resistance in non-democratic nations. The difficulty of political parties, particularly opposition parties, is subsequently not there. Solely these political parties can deal with what is on the forefront of government.

(iv) In non-democratic nations, staff might not type unbiased commerce unions. Only such trade unions can survive, which rightly or wrongly help government policy.

(v) In democratic nations, all individuals are on the mercy of a dictator or a army ruler. Anybody may be arrested, arrested or even killed with out trial.

(vi) No one in democratic nations can even aspire to nice posts. If he is able to be a software in the palms of a ruler / dictator / army chief, he might want to receive good mail.

Question 10.
Why is Zimbabwe not thought-about a democratic nation?
Answer:
(i) Similar Celebration Determination: Zimbabwe reached the rule of the White Minor of Independence in 1980. Since then, the country has been dominated by ZANU-PF. Its leader, Robert Mugabe, has dominated the nation after independence

(ii) Unfair elections: Elections are held repeatedly and. all the time win the ruling social gathering. They haven’t been free and truthful.

(iii) altering the structure to favor the government: President Mugabe appears to be in style but in addition makes use of unfair practices within the elections. His authorities has modified the Structure on several occasions to increase the facility of the President and to make him much less responsible.

(iv) Preventing Opposition: Opposition Celebration staff are often harassed and the ruling celebration disturbs their meetings.

(v.) Right to Freedom Missing: Public protests and demonstrations towards the government are declared unlawful. There is a regulation that limits the proper to criticize the president. Tv and radio are underneath control

(vi) Absence of an unbiased judiciary: The government has ignored a few of its judgments in convictions of pressured judges.

Query 11.
How far did the Communist China respond to the famine in 1958-1961? Clear.
Answer:
The Chinese famine of 1958-1961 was the worst famine in world historical past. Almost three crore individuals died of this hunger. Lately, India's financial state of affairs was not a lot better than China. Nevertheless, India had no such hunger for China. Economists assume that this was the results of the totally different policies of the governments of the nations. The existence of democracy in India gave the Indian authorities a response to the food shortage that the Chinese language authorities didn’t do. They level out that in a sovereign and democratic country there has never been an enormous famine, even if there have been multilateral elections in China, an opposition celebration and a press that may freely criticize the government, so many individuals might not have died of famine

Important Questions for Class 9 Social Sciences [19659182] NCERT Options for Class 9 Social Sciences